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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/2] PCI: mediatek: Clear IRQ status after IRQ dispatched to avoid reentry
On Fri, Jan 05, 2018 at 07:51:47PM +0800, Honghui Zhang wrote:
> On Thu, 2018-01-04 at 19:04 +0000, Marc Zyngier wrote:
> > On 04/01/18 18:40, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> > > [+Marc]
> > >
> > > On Wed, Dec 27, 2017 at 08:59:53AM +0800, honghui.zhang@mediatek.com wrote:
> > >> From: Honghui Zhang <honghui.zhang@mediatek.com>
> > >>
> > >> There maybe a same IRQ reentry scenario after IRQ received in current
> > >> IRQ handle flow:
> > >> EP device PCIe host driver EP driver
> > >> 1. issue an IRQ
> > >> 2. received IRQ
> > >> 3. clear IRQ status
> > >> 4. dispatch IRQ
> > >> 5. clear IRQ source
> > >> The IRQ status was not successfully cleared at step 2 since the IRQ
> > >> source was not cleared yet. So the PCIe host driver may receive the
> > >> same IRQ after step 5. Then there's an IRQ reentry occurred.
> > >> Even worse, if the reentry IRQ was not an IRQ that EP driver expected,
> > >> it may not handle the IRQ. Then we may run into the infinite loop from
> > >> step 2 to step 4.
> > >> Clear the IRQ status after IRQ have been dispatched to avoid the IRQ
> > >> reentry.
> > >> This patch also fix another INTx IRQ issue by initialize the iterate
> > >> before the loop. If an INTx IRQ re-occurred while we are dispatching
> > >> the INTx IRQ, then iterate may start from PCI_NUM_INTX + INTX_SHIFT
> > >> instead of INTX_SHIFT for the second time entering the
> > >> for_each_set_bit_from() loop.
> > >
> > > This looks like two different issues that should be fixed with two
> > > patches.
>
> Ok, I split this into two patches and figure out a more reasonable
> approach by using irq_chip solution.

For the time being, I will mark this patch as "Changes Requested"
waiting for a new version.

Thanks,
Lorenzo

>
> > >
> > >> Signed-off-by: Honghui Zhang <honghui.zhang@mediatek.com>
> > >> Acked-by: Ryder Lee <ryder.lee@mediatek.com>
> > >> ---
> > >> drivers/pci/host/pcie-mediatek.c | 11 ++++++-----
> > >> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > For the sake of uniformity, I first want to understand why this
> > > driver does not call:
> > >
> > > chained_irq_enter/exit()
> > >
> > > in the primary handler (mtk_pcie_intr_handler()).
> > >
> > > With the GIC as a primary interrupt controller we have not
> > > even figured out how current code can actually work without
> > > calling the chained_* API.
> > >
> > > I want to come up with a consistent handling of IRQ domains for
> > > all host bridges and any discrepancy should be explained.
> >
> > That's because this driver is a huge hack, see below:
> >
> > >
> > >> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-mediatek.c b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-mediatek.c
> > >> index db93efd..fc29a9a 100644
> > >> --- a/drivers/pci/host/pcie-mediatek.c
> > >> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pcie-mediatek.c
> > >> @@ -601,15 +601,16 @@ static irqreturn_t mtk_pcie_intr_handler(int irq, void *data)
> >
> > This function is not a chained irqchip, but an interrupt handler...
> >
> > >> struct mtk_pcie_port *port = (struct mtk_pcie_port *)data;
> > >> unsigned long status;
> > >> u32 virq;
> > >> - u32 bit = INTX_SHIFT;
> > >> + u32 bit;
> > >>
> > >> while ((status = readl(port->base + PCIE_INT_STATUS)) & INTX_MASK) {
> > >> + bit = INTX_SHIFT;
> > >> for_each_set_bit_from(bit, &status, PCI_NUM_INTX + INTX_SHIFT) {
> > >> - /* Clear the INTx */
> > >> - writel(1 << bit, port->base + PCIE_INT_STATUS);
> > >> virq = irq_find_mapping(port->irq_domain,
> > >> bit - INTX_SHIFT);
> > >> generic_handle_irq(virq);
> >
> > and nonetheless, this calls into generic_handle_irq(). That's a complete
> > violation of the interrupt layering. Maybe there is a good reason for
> > it, but I'd like to know which one.
> >
> > Which means that all of the ack/mask has to be done outside of the
> > irqchip framework too... Disgusting.
> >
> > >> + /* Clear the INTx */
> > >> + writel(1 << bit, port->base + PCIE_INT_STATUS);
> > >
> > > I think that these masking/acking should actually be done through
> > > the irq_chip hooks (see for instance pci-ftpci100.c) - that would
> > > make this kind of bugs much easier to prevent (because the IRQ
> > > layer does the sequencing for you).
> >
> > +1.
> >
>
> Thanks for your advice, I need to do some homework to have a better
> understanding of the irq_chip approach.
>
> > > Marc (CC'ed) has a more comprehensive view on this than me - I would
> > > like to get to a point where all host bridges uses a consistent
> > > approach for chained IRQ handling and I hope this bug fix can be
> > > a starting point.
> >
> > +1 again. We definitely need to come up with some form of common
> > approach for all these host drivers, and maybe turn that into a library...
> >
>
> Well, this is beyond my knowledge now, I guess I can figure out how to
> using irq_chip for the first step, then I may following this "common
> approach" after we have a solution for that?
>
> thanks.
> > Thanks,
> >
> > M.
>
>

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