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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 0/6] add support for relative references in special sections
On 11 March 2018 at 12:38, Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> wrote:
> This adds support for emitting special sections such as initcall arrays,
> PCI fixups and tracepoints as relative references rather than absolute
> references. This reduces the size by 50% on 64-bit architectures, but
> more importantly, it removes the need for carrying relocation metadata
> for these sections in relocatable kernels (e.g., for KASLR) that needs
> to be fixed up at boot time. On arm64, this reduces the vmlinux footprint
> of such a reference by 8x (8 byte absolute reference + 24 byte RELA entry
> vs 4 byte relative reference)
>
> Patch #3 was sent out before as a single patch. This series supersedes
> the previous submission. This version makes relative ksymtab entries
> dependent on the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS rather
> than trying to infer from kbuild test robot replies for which architectures
> it should be blacklisted.
>
> Patch #1 introduces the new Kconfig symbol HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS,
> and sets it for the main architectures that are expected to benefit the
> most from this feature, i.e., 64-bit architectures or ones that use
> runtime relocations.
>
> Patch #2 add support for #define'ing __DISABLE_EXPORTS to get rid of
> ksymtab/kcrctab sections in decompressor and EFI stub objects when
> rebuilding existing C files to run in a different context.
>
> Patches #4 - #6 implement relative references for initcalls, PCI fixups
> and tracepoints, respectively, all of which produce sections with order
> ~1000 entries on an arm64 defconfig kernel with tracing enabled. This
> means we save about 28 KB of vmlinux space for each of these patches.
>
> [From the v7 series blurb, which included the jump_label patches as well]:
> For the arm64 kernel, all patches combined reduce the memory footprint of
> vmlinux by about 1.3 MB (using a config copied from Ubuntu that has KASLR
> enabled), of which ~1 MB is the size reduction of the RELA section in .init,
> and the remaining 300 KB is reduction of .text/.data.
>
> Branch:
> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ardb/linux.git relative-special-sections-v8
>

All,

I think this has converged to a mergeable state now (taking the
mini-tweak for patch #3 into account I provided in a reply)

Are there any objections to this being merged?

Andrew,

If nobody objects, is this something you would care to pick up for the
next cycle? Do I need to respin to incorporate the mini-tweak and
apply Nico's ack to patch #2?

Thanks,
Ard.


> Changes since v7:
> - dropped the jump_label patches, these will be revisited in a separate series
> - reorder __DISABLE_EXPORTS with __KSYM_DEPS__ check in #2
> - use offset_to_ptr() helper function to abstract the relative pointer
> conversion [int *off -> (ulong)off + *off] (#3 - #6)
> - rebase onto v4.16-rc3
>
> Changes since v6:
> - drop S390 from patch #1 introducing HAVE_ARCH_PREL32_RELOCATIONS: kbuild
> robot threw me some s390 curveballs, and given that s390 does not define
> CONFIG_RELOCATABLE in the first place, it does not benefit as much from
> relative references as arm64, x86 and power do
> - add patch to allow symbol exports to be disabled at compilation unit
> granularity (#2)
> - get rid of arm64 vmlinux.lds.S hunk to ensure code generated by __ADDRESSABLE
> gets discarded from the EFI stub - it is no longer needed after adding #2 (#1)
> - change _ADDRESSABLE() to emit a data reference, not a code reference - this
> is another simplification made possible by patch #2 (#3)
> - add Steven's ack to #6
> - split x86 jump_label patch into two (#9, #10)
>
> Changes since v5:
> - add missing jump_label prototypes to s390 jump_label.h (#6)
> - fix inverted condition in call to jump_entry_is_module_init() (#6)
>
> Changes since v4:
> - add patches to convert x86 and arm64 to use relative references for jump
> tables (#6 - #8)
> - rename PCI patch and add Bjorn's ack (#4)
> - rebase onto v4.15-rc5
>
> Changes since v3:
> - fix module unload issue in patch #5 reported by Jessica, by reusing the
> updated routine for_each_tracepoint_range() for the quiescent check at
> module unload time; this requires this routine to be moved before
> tracepoint_module_going() in kernel/tracepoint.c
> - add Jessica's ack to #2
> - rebase onto v4.14-rc1
>
> Changes since v2:
> - Revert my slightly misguided attempt to appease checkpatch, which resulted
> in needless churn and worse code. This v3 is based on v1 with a few tweaks
> that were actually reasonable checkpatch warnings: unnecessary braces (as
> pointed out by Ingo) and other minor whitespace misdemeanors.
>
> Changes since v1:
> - Remove checkpatch errors to the extent feasible: in some cases, this
> involves moving extern declarations into C files, and switching to
> struct definitions rather than typedefs. Some errors are impossible
> to fix: please find the remaining ones after the diffstat.
> - Used 'int' instead if 'signed int' for the various offset fields: there
> is no ambiguity between architectures regarding its signedness (unlike
> 'char')
> - Refactor the different patches to be more uniform in the way they define
> the section entry type and accessors in the .h file, and avoid the need to
> add #ifdefs to the C code.
>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Thomas Garnier <thgarnie@google.com>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
>
> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
> Cc: x86@kernel.org
>
> Ard Biesheuvel (6):
> arch: enable relative relocations for arm64, power and x86
> module: allow symbol exports to be disabled
> module: use relative references for __ksymtab entries
> init: allow initcall tables to be emitted using relative references
> PCI: Add support for relative addressing in quirk tables
> kernel: tracepoints: add support for relative references
>
> arch/Kconfig | 10 ++++
> arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/kaslr.c | 5 +-
> arch/x86/include/asm/Kbuild | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/asm/export.h | 5 --
> drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile | 3 +-
> drivers/pci/quirks.c | 12 +++--
> include/asm-generic/export.h | 12 ++++-
> include/linux/compiler.h | 19 +++++++
> include/linux/export.h | 57 +++++++++++++++-----
> include/linux/init.h | 44 +++++++++++----
> include/linux/pci.h | 20 +++++++
> include/linux/tracepoint.h | 19 +++++--
> init/main.c | 32 +++++------
> kernel/module.c | 32 ++++++++---
> kernel/printk/printk.c | 4 +-
> kernel/tracepoint.c | 49 +++++++++--------
> security/security.c | 4 +-
> 20 files changed, 240 insertions(+), 91 deletions(-)
> delete mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/export.h
>
> --
> 2.15.1
>

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