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Subject[PATCH v6 09/15] mm, dev_pagemap: introduce CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
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The HMM sub-system extended dev_pagemap to arrange a callback when a
dev_pagemap managed page is freed. Since a dev_pagemap page is free /
idle when its reference count is 1 it requires an additional branch to
check the page-type at put_page() time. Given put_page() is a hot-path
we do not want to incur that check if HMM is not in use, so a static
branch is used to avoid that overhead when not necessary.

Now, the FS_DAX implementation wants to reuse this mechanism for
receiving dev_pagemap ->page_free() callbacks. Rework the HMM-specific
static-key into a generic mechanism that either HMM or FS_DAX code paths
can enable.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
drivers/dax/super.c | 2 ++
fs/Kconfig | 1 +
include/linux/memremap.h | 20 ++-------------
include/linux/mm.h | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
kernel/memremap.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++---
mm/Kconfig | 5 ++++
mm/hmm.c | 13 ++--------
mm/swap.c | 3 ++
8 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 51 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dax/super.c b/drivers/dax/super.c
index ecefe9f7eb60..619b1ed6434c 100644
--- a/drivers/dax/super.c
+++ b/drivers/dax/super.c
@@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ struct dax_device *fs_dax_claim_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, void *owner)
return NULL;
}

+ dev_pagemap_get_ops();
pgmap->type = MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX;
pgmap->page_free = generic_dax_pagefree;
pgmap->data = owner;
@@ -215,6 +216,7 @@ void fs_dax_release(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *owner)
pgmap->type = MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST;
pgmap->page_free = NULL;
pgmap->data = NULL;
+ dev_pagemap_put_ops();
mutex_unlock(&devmap_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_dax_release);
diff --git a/fs/Kconfig b/fs/Kconfig
index bc821a86d965..1f0832bbc32f 100644
--- a/fs/Kconfig
+++ b/fs/Kconfig
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ config FS_DAX
bool "Direct Access (DAX) support"
depends on MMU
depends on !(ARM || MIPS || SPARC)
+ select DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
select FS_IOMAP
select DAX
help
diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
index 02d6d042ee7f..9faf25d6abef 100644
--- a/include/linux/memremap.h
+++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
@@ -1,7 +1,6 @@
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_
#define _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_
-#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>

@@ -130,6 +129,9 @@ struct dev_pagemap {
enum memory_type type;
};

+void dev_pagemap_get_ops(void);
+void dev_pagemap_put_ops(void);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
@@ -137,8 +139,6 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,

unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
-
-static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page);
#else
static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
@@ -169,20 +169,6 @@ static inline void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap,
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */

-#if defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) || defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC)
-static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page)
-{
- return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
- page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE;
-}
-
-static inline bool is_device_public_page(const struct page *page)
-{
- return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
- page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC;
-}
-#endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE || CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC */
-
static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
{
if (pgmap)
diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index ad06d42adb1a..088c76bce360 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -812,27 +812,55 @@ static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page)
}
#endif

-#if defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) || defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC)
-void put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(struct page *page);
-DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(device_private_key);
-#define IS_HMM_ENABLED static_branch_unlikely(&device_private_key)
-static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page);
-static inline bool is_device_public_page(const struct page *page);
-#else /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE || CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC */
-static inline void put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(struct page *page)
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
+void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page);
+DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
+static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
{
+ if (!static_branch_unlikely(&devmap_managed_key))
+ return false;
+ if (!is_zone_device_page(page))
+ return false;
+ switch (page->pgmap->type) {
+ case MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE:
+ case MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC:
+ case MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX:
+ __put_devmap_managed_page(page);
+ return true;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ return false;
}
-#define IS_HMM_ENABLED 0
+
static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page)
{
- return false;
+ return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
+ page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE;
}
+
static inline bool is_device_public_page(const struct page *page)
{
+ return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
+ page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC;
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */
+static inline bool put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
+{
return false;
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE || CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC */

+static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool is_device_public_page(const struct page *page)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */

static inline void get_page(struct page *page)
{
@@ -850,16 +878,13 @@ static inline void put_page(struct page *page)
page = compound_head(page);

/*
- * For private device pages we need to catch refcount transition from
- * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the private device page is
- * free and we need to inform the device driver through callback. See
+ * For devmap managed pages we need to catch refcount transition from
+ * 2 to 1, when refcount reach one it means the page is free and we
+ * need to inform the device driver through callback. See
* include/linux/memremap.h and HMM for details.
*/
- if (IS_HMM_ENABLED && unlikely(is_device_private_page(page) ||
- unlikely(is_device_public_page(page)))) {
- put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(page);
+ if (put_devmap_managed_page(page))
return;
- }

if (put_page_testzero(page))
__put_page(page);
diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
index 4dd4274cabe2..72d0bb6fc47d 100644
--- a/kernel/memremap.c
+++ b/kernel/memremap.c
@@ -476,8 +476,30 @@ struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
}
#endif /* CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE */

-#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) || IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC)
-void put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(struct page *page)
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(devmap_managed_key);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(devmap_managed_key);
+static atomic_t devmap_enable;
+
+/*
+ * Toggle the static key for ->page_free() callbacks when dev_pagemap
+ * pages go idle.
+ */
+void dev_pagemap_get_ops(void)
+{
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&devmap_enable) == 1)
+ static_branch_enable(&devmap_managed_key);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pagemap_get_ops);
+
+void dev_pagemap_put_ops(void)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&devmap_enable))
+ static_branch_disable(&devmap_managed_key);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dev_pagemap_put_ops);
+
+void __put_devmap_managed_page(struct page *page)
{
int count = page_ref_dec_return(page);

@@ -497,5 +519,5 @@ void put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(struct page *page)
} else if (!count)
__put_page(page);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(put_zone_device_private_or_public_page);
-#endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE || CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__put_devmap_managed_page);
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS */
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index c782e8fb7235..dc32828984a3 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -700,6 +700,9 @@ config ARCH_HAS_HMM
config MIGRATE_VMA_HELPER
bool

+config DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS
+ bool
+
config HMM
bool
select MIGRATE_VMA_HELPER
@@ -720,6 +723,7 @@ config DEVICE_PRIVATE
bool "Unaddressable device memory (GPU memory, ...)"
depends on ARCH_HAS_HMM
select HMM
+ select DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS

help
Allows creation of struct pages to represent unaddressable device
@@ -730,6 +734,7 @@ config DEVICE_PUBLIC
bool "Addressable device memory (like GPU memory)"
depends on ARCH_HAS_HMM
select HMM
+ select DEV_PAGEMAP_OPS

help
Allows creation of struct pages to represent addressable device
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index 320545b98ff5..4aa554e76d06 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -35,15 +35,6 @@

#define PA_SECTION_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)

-#if defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE) || defined(CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC)
-/*
- * Device private memory see HMM (Documentation/vm/hmm.txt) or hmm.h
- */
-DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(device_private_key);
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(device_private_key);
-#endif /* CONFIG_DEVICE_PRIVATE || CONFIG_DEVICE_PUBLIC */
-
-
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR)
static const struct mmu_notifier_ops hmm_mmu_notifier_ops;

@@ -996,7 +987,7 @@ struct hmm_devmem *hmm_devmem_add(const struct hmm_devmem_ops *ops,
resource_size_t addr;
int ret;

- static_branch_enable(&device_private_key);
+ dev_pagemap_get_ops();

devmem = devres_alloc_node(&hmm_devmem_release, sizeof(*devmem),
GFP_KERNEL, dev_to_node(device));
@@ -1090,7 +1081,7 @@ struct hmm_devmem *hmm_devmem_add_resource(const struct hmm_devmem_ops *ops,
if (res->desc != IORES_DESC_DEVICE_PUBLIC_MEMORY)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

- static_branch_enable(&device_private_key);
+ dev_pagemap_get_ops();

devmem = devres_alloc_node(&hmm_devmem_release, sizeof(*devmem),
GFP_KERNEL, dev_to_node(device));
diff --git a/mm/swap.c b/mm/swap.c
index 0f17330dd0e5..eed846cfc8b8 100644
--- a/mm/swap.c
+++ b/mm/swap.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
+#include <linux/memremap.h>
#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
@@ -744,7 +745,7 @@ void release_pages(struct page **pages, int nr)
flags);
locked_pgdat = NULL;
}
- put_zone_device_private_or_public_page(page);
+ put_devmap_managed_page(page);
continue;
}

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