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Subject[PATCH v6 08/15] mm, dax: enable filesystems to trigger dev_pagemap ->page_free callbacks
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In order to resolve collisions between filesystem operations and DMA to
DAX mapped pages we need a callback when DMA completes. With a callback
we can hold off filesystem operations while DMA is in-flight and then
resume those operations when the last put_page() occurs on a DMA page.

Recall that the 'struct page' entries for DAX memory are created with
devm_memremap_pages(). That routine arranges for the pages to be
allocated, but never onlined, so a DAX page is DMA-idle when its
reference count reaches one.

Also recall that the HMM sub-system added infrastructure to trap the
page-idle (2-to-1 reference count) transition of the pages allocated by
devm_memremap_pages() and trigger a callback via the 'struct
dev_pagemap' associated with the page range. Whereas the HMM callbacks
are going to a device driver to manage bounce pages in device-memory in
the filesystem-dax case we will call back to filesystem specified
callback.

Since the callback is not known at devm_memremap_pages() time we arrange
for the filesystem to install it at mount time. No functional changes
are expected as this only registers a nop handler for the ->page_free()
event for device-mapped pages.

Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: "Jérôme Glisse" <jglisse@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
drivers/dax/super.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c | 3 +-
fs/ext2/super.c | 6 ++-
fs/ext4/super.c | 6 ++-
fs/xfs/xfs_super.c | 20 ++++++------
include/linux/dax.h | 17 +++++-----
include/linux/memremap.h | 8 +++++
7 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dax/super.c b/drivers/dax/super.c
index 2b2332b605e4..ecefe9f7eb60 100644
--- a/drivers/dax/super.c
+++ b/drivers/dax/super.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ static struct vfsmount *dax_mnt;
static DEFINE_IDA(dax_minor_ida);
static struct kmem_cache *dax_cache __read_mostly;
static struct super_block *dax_superblock __read_mostly;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(devmap_lock);

#define DAX_HASH_SIZE (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct hlist_head))
static struct hlist_head dax_host_list[DAX_HASH_SIZE];
@@ -62,16 +63,6 @@ int bdev_dax_pgoff(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector, size_t size,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdev_dax_pgoff);

-#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX)
-struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
-{
- if (!blk_queue_dax(bdev->bd_queue))
- return NULL;
- return fs_dax_get_by_host(bdev->bd_disk->disk_name);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_dax_get_by_bdev);
-#endif
-
/**
* __bdev_dax_supported() - Check if the device supports dax for filesystem
* @sb: The superblock of the device
@@ -169,9 +160,66 @@ struct dax_device {
const char *host;
void *private;
unsigned long flags;
+ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
const struct dax_operations *ops;
};

+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FS_DAX)
+static void generic_dax_pagefree(struct page *page, void *data)
+{
+ /* TODO: wakeup page-idle waiters */
+}
+
+struct dax_device *fs_dax_claim_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, void *owner)
+{
+ struct dax_device *dax_dev;
+ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
+
+ if (!blk_queue_dax(bdev->bd_queue))
+ return NULL;
+ dax_dev = fs_dax_get_by_host(bdev->bd_disk->disk_name);
+ if (!dax_dev->pgmap)
+ return dax_dev;
+ pgmap = dax_dev->pgmap;
+
+ mutex_lock(&devmap_lock);
+ if ((pgmap->data && pgmap->data != owner) || pgmap->page_free
+ || pgmap->page_fault
+ || pgmap->type != MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST) {
+ put_dax(dax_dev);
+ mutex_unlock(&devmap_lock);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ pgmap->type = MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX;
+ pgmap->page_free = generic_dax_pagefree;
+ pgmap->data = owner;
+ mutex_unlock(&devmap_lock);
+
+ return dax_dev;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_dax_claim_bdev);
+
+void fs_dax_release(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *owner)
+{
+ struct dev_pagemap *pgmap = dax_dev ? dax_dev->pgmap : NULL;
+
+ put_dax(dax_dev);
+ if (!pgmap)
+ return;
+ if (!pgmap->data)
+ return;
+
+ mutex_lock(&devmap_lock);
+ WARN_ON(pgmap->data != owner);
+ pgmap->type = MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST;
+ pgmap->page_free = NULL;
+ pgmap->data = NULL;
+ mutex_unlock(&devmap_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fs_dax_release);
+#endif
+
static ssize_t write_cache_show(struct device *dev,
struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
@@ -499,6 +547,17 @@ struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *__host,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_dax);

+struct dax_device *alloc_dax_devmap(void *private, const char *host,
+ const struct dax_operations *ops, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
+{
+ struct dax_device *dax_dev = alloc_dax(private, host, ops);
+
+ if (dax_dev)
+ dax_dev->pgmap = pgmap;
+ return dax_dev;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_dax_devmap);
+
void put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
{
if (!dax_dev)
diff --git a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
index 06f8dcc52ca6..e6d7351f3379 100644
--- a/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
+++ b/drivers/nvdimm/pmem.c
@@ -408,7 +408,8 @@ static int pmem_attach_disk(struct device *dev,
nvdimm_badblocks_populate(nd_region, &pmem->bb, &bb_res);
disk->bb = &pmem->bb;

- dax_dev = alloc_dax(pmem, disk->disk_name, &pmem_dax_ops);
+ dax_dev = alloc_dax_devmap(pmem, disk->disk_name, &pmem_dax_ops,
+ &pmem->pgmap);
if (!dax_dev) {
put_disk(disk);
return -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/fs/ext2/super.c b/fs/ext2/super.c
index 7666c065b96f..6ae20e319bc4 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/super.c
@@ -172,7 +172,7 @@ static void ext2_put_super (struct super_block * sb)
brelse (sbi->s_sbh);
sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
- fs_put_dax(sbi->s_daxdev);
+ fs_dax_release(sbi->s_daxdev, sb);
kfree(sbi);
}

@@ -817,7 +817,7 @@ static unsigned long descriptor_loc(struct super_block *sb,

static int ext2_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
- struct dax_device *dax_dev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(sb->s_bdev);
+ struct dax_device *dax_dev = fs_dax_claim_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb);
struct buffer_head * bh;
struct ext2_sb_info * sbi;
struct ext2_super_block * es;
@@ -1213,7 +1213,7 @@ static int ext2_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
kfree(sbi);
failed:
- fs_put_dax(dax_dev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_dev, sb);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/fs/ext4/super.c b/fs/ext4/super.c
index 39bf464c35f1..315a323729e3 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/super.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/super.c
@@ -952,7 +952,7 @@ static void ext4_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
if (sbi->s_chksum_driver)
crypto_free_shash(sbi->s_chksum_driver);
kfree(sbi->s_blockgroup_lock);
- fs_put_dax(sbi->s_daxdev);
+ fs_dax_release(sbi->s_daxdev, sb);
kfree(sbi);
}

@@ -3398,7 +3398,7 @@ static void ext4_set_resv_clusters(struct super_block *sb)

static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
{
- struct dax_device *dax_dev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(sb->s_bdev);
+ struct dax_device *dax_dev = fs_dax_claim_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb);
char *orig_data = kstrdup(data, GFP_KERNEL);
struct buffer_head *bh;
struct ext4_super_block *es = NULL;
@@ -4408,7 +4408,7 @@ static int ext4_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
out_free_base:
kfree(sbi);
kfree(orig_data);
- fs_put_dax(dax_dev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_dev, sb);
return err ? err : ret;
}

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
index 93588ea3d3d2..ef7dd7148c0b 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_super.c
@@ -724,7 +724,7 @@ xfs_close_devices(

xfs_free_buftarg(mp, mp->m_logdev_targp);
xfs_blkdev_put(logdev);
- fs_put_dax(dax_logdev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_logdev, mp);
}
if (mp->m_rtdev_targp) {
struct block_device *rtdev = mp->m_rtdev_targp->bt_bdev;
@@ -732,10 +732,10 @@ xfs_close_devices(

xfs_free_buftarg(mp, mp->m_rtdev_targp);
xfs_blkdev_put(rtdev);
- fs_put_dax(dax_rtdev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_rtdev, mp);
}
xfs_free_buftarg(mp, mp->m_ddev_targp);
- fs_put_dax(dax_ddev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_ddev, mp);
}

/*
@@ -753,9 +753,9 @@ xfs_open_devices(
struct xfs_mount *mp)
{
struct block_device *ddev = mp->m_super->s_bdev;
- struct dax_device *dax_ddev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(ddev);
- struct dax_device *dax_logdev = NULL, *dax_rtdev = NULL;
+ struct dax_device *dax_ddev = fs_dax_claim_bdev(ddev, mp);
struct block_device *logdev = NULL, *rtdev = NULL;
+ struct dax_device *dax_logdev = NULL, *dax_rtdev = NULL;
int error;

/*
@@ -765,7 +765,7 @@ xfs_open_devices(
error = xfs_blkdev_get(mp, mp->m_logname, &logdev);
if (error)
goto out;
- dax_logdev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(logdev);
+ dax_logdev = fs_dax_claim_bdev(logdev, mp);
}

if (mp->m_rtname) {
@@ -779,7 +779,7 @@ xfs_open_devices(
error = -EINVAL;
goto out_close_rtdev;
}
- dax_rtdev = fs_dax_get_by_bdev(rtdev);
+ dax_rtdev = fs_dax_claim_bdev(rtdev, mp);
}

/*
@@ -813,14 +813,14 @@ xfs_open_devices(
xfs_free_buftarg(mp, mp->m_ddev_targp);
out_close_rtdev:
xfs_blkdev_put(rtdev);
- fs_put_dax(dax_rtdev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_rtdev, mp);
out_close_logdev:
if (logdev && logdev != ddev) {
xfs_blkdev_put(logdev);
- fs_put_dax(dax_logdev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_logdev, mp);
}
out:
- fs_put_dax(dax_ddev);
+ fs_dax_release(dax_ddev, mp);
return error;
}

diff --git a/include/linux/dax.h b/include/linux/dax.h
index ae27a7efe7ab..92a1d3ee1615 100644
--- a/include/linux/dax.h
+++ b/include/linux/dax.h
@@ -52,12 +52,8 @@ static inline struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_host(const char *host)
return dax_get_by_host(host);
}

-static inline void fs_put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
-{
- put_dax(dax_dev);
-}
-
-struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev);
+struct dax_device *fs_dax_claim_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, void *owner);
+void fs_dax_release(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *owner);
int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
struct block_device *bdev, struct writeback_control *wbc);
#else
@@ -71,13 +67,14 @@ static inline struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_host(const char *host)
return NULL;
}

-static inline void fs_put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
+static inline struct dax_device *fs_dax_claim_bdev(struct block_device *bdev,
+ void *owner)
{
+ return NULL;
}

-static inline struct dax_device *fs_dax_get_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
+static inline void fs_dax_release(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *owner)
{
- return NULL;
}

static inline int dax_writeback_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
@@ -91,6 +88,8 @@ int dax_read_lock(void);
void dax_read_unlock(int id);
struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *host,
const struct dax_operations *ops);
+struct dax_device *alloc_dax_devmap(void *private, const char *host,
+ const struct dax_operations *ops, struct dev_pagemap *pgmap);
bool dax_alive(struct dax_device *dax_dev);
void kill_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev);
void *dax_get_private(struct dax_device *dax_dev);
diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
index 7b4899c06f49..02d6d042ee7f 100644
--- a/include/linux/memremap.h
+++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
@@ -53,11 +53,19 @@ struct vmem_altmap {
* driver can hotplug the device memory using ZONE_DEVICE and with that memory
* type. Any page of a process can be migrated to such memory. However no one
* should be allow to pin such memory so that it can always be evicted.
+ *
+ * MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX:
+ * When MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST memory is represented by a device that can
+ * host a filesystem, for example /dev/pmem0, that filesystem can
+ * register for a callback when a page is idled. For the filesystem-dax
+ * case page idle callbacks are used to coordinate DMA vs
+ * hole-punch/truncate.
*/
enum memory_type {
MEMORY_DEVICE_HOST = 0,
MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE,
MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC,
+ MEMORY_DEVICE_FS_DAX,
};

/*
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