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Subject[PATCH v4.16-rc4 1/1] x86/vdso: on Intel, VDSO should handle CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW
Date

Currently the VDSO does not handle
clock_gettime( CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW, &ts )
on Intel / AMD - it calls
vdso_fallback_gettime()
for this clock, which issues a syscall, having an unacceptably high
latency (minimum measurable time or time between measurements)
of 300-700ns on 2 2.8-3.9ghz Haswell x86_64 Family'_'Model : 06_3C
machines under various versions of Linux.

This patch handles CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW clock_gettime() in the VDSO ,
by exporting the raw clock calibration, last cycles, last xtime_nsec,
and last raw_sec value in the vsyscall_gtod_data during vsyscall_update() .

Now the new do_monotonic_raw() function in the vDSO has a latency of @ 24ns
on average, and the test program:
tools/testing/selftest/timers/inconsistency-check.c
succeeds with arguments: '-c 4 -t 120' or any arbitrary -t value.

The patch is against Linus' latest 4.16-rc4 tree,
current HEAD of :
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git
.

The patch affects only files:

arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/vsyscall_gtod.c


Best Regards,
Jason Vas Dias .

---
diff -up linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c.4.16-rc4linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c
--- linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c.4.16-rc4 2018-03-04 22:54:11.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vclock_gettime.c 2018-03-11 05:08:31.137681337 +0000
@@ -182,6 +182,29 @@ notrace static u64 vread_tsc(void)
return last;
}

+notrace static u64 vread_tsc_raw(void)
+{
+ u64 tsc, last=gtod->raw_cycle_last;
+ if( likely( gtod->has_rdtscp ) ) {
+ u32 tsc_lo, tsc_hi,
+ tsc_cpu __attribute__((unused));
+ asm volatile
+ ( "rdtscp"
+ /* ^- has built-in cancellation point / pipeline stall"barrier" */
+ : "=a" (tsc_lo)
+ , "=d" (tsc_hi)
+ , "=c" (tsc_cpu)
+ ); // since all variables 32-bit, eax, edx, ecx used - NOT rax, rdx, rcx
+ tsc = ((((u64)tsc_hi) & 0xffffffffUL) << 32) | (((u64)tsc_lo) & 0xffffffffUL);
+ } else {
+ tsc = rdtsc_ordered();
+ }
+ if (likely(tsc >= last))
+ return tsc;
+ asm volatile ("");
+ return last;
+}
+
notrace static inline u64 vgetsns(int *mode)
{
u64 v;
@@ -203,6 +226,27 @@ notrace static inline u64 vgetsns(int *m
return v * gtod->mult;
}

+notrace static inline u64 vgetsns_raw(int *mode)
+{
+ u64 v;
+ cycles_t cycles;
+
+ if (gtod->vclock_mode == VCLOCK_TSC)
+ cycles = vread_tsc_raw();
+#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_CLOCK
+ else if (gtod->vclock_mode == VCLOCK_PVCLOCK)
+ cycles = vread_pvclock(mode);
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_HYPERV_TSCPAGE
+ else if (gtod->vclock_mode == VCLOCK_HVCLOCK)
+ cycles = vread_hvclock(mode);
+#endif
+ else
+ return 0;
+ v = (cycles - gtod->raw_cycle_last) & gtod->raw_mask;
+ return v * gtod->raw_mult;
+}
+
/* Code size doesn't matter (vdso is 4k anyway) and this is faster. */
notrace static int __always_inline do_realtime(struct timespec *ts)
{
@@ -246,6 +290,27 @@ notrace static int __always_inline do_mo
return mode;
}

+notrace static int __always_inline do_monotonic_raw( struct timespec *ts)
+{
+ unsigned long seq;
+ u64 ns;
+ int mode;
+
+ do {
+ seq = gtod_read_begin(gtod);
+ mode = gtod->vclock_mode;
+ ts->tv_sec = gtod->monotonic_time_raw_sec;
+ ns = gtod->monotonic_time_raw_nsec;
+ ns += vgetsns_raw(&mode);
+ ns >>= gtod->raw_shift;
+ } while (unlikely(gtod_read_retry(gtod, seq)));
+
+ ts->tv_sec += __iter_div_u64_rem(ns, NSEC_PER_SEC, &ns);
+ ts->tv_nsec = ns;
+
+ return mode;
+}
+
notrace static void do_realtime_coarse(struct timespec *ts)
{
unsigned long seq;
@@ -277,6 +342,10 @@ notrace int __vdso_clock_gettime(clockid
if (do_monotonic(ts) == VCLOCK_NONE)
goto fallback;
break;
+ case CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW:
+ if (do_monotonic_raw(ts) == VCLOCK_NONE)
+ goto fallback;
+ break;
case CLOCK_REALTIME_COARSE:
do_realtime_coarse(ts);
break;
diff -up linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/vsyscall_gtod.c.4.16-rc4 linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/vsyscall_gtod.c
--- linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/vsyscall_gtod.c.4.16-rc4 2018-03-04 22:54:11.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/entry/vsyscall/vsyscall_gtod.c 2018-03-11 05:10:57.371197747 +0000
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include <linux/timekeeper_internal.h>
#include <asm/vgtod.h>
#include <asm/vvar.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>

int vclocks_used __read_mostly;

@@ -45,6 +46,12 @@ void update_vsyscall(struct timekeeper *
vdata->mult = tk->tkr_mono.mult;
vdata->shift = tk->tkr_mono.shift;

+ vdata->raw_cycle_last = tk->tkr_raw.cycle_last;
+ vdata->raw_mask = tk->tkr_raw.mask;
+ vdata->raw_mult = tk->tkr_raw.mult;
+ vdata->raw_shift = tk->tkr_raw.shift;
+ vdata->has_rdtscp = static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP);
+
vdata->wall_time_sec = tk->xtime_sec;
vdata->wall_time_snsec = tk->tkr_mono.xtime_nsec;

@@ -74,5 +81,8 @@ void update_vsyscall(struct timekeeper *
vdata->monotonic_time_coarse_sec++;
}

+ vdata->monotonic_time_raw_sec = tk->raw_sec;
+ vdata->monotonic_time_raw_nsec = tk->tkr_raw.xtime_nsec;
+
gtod_write_end(vdata);
}
diff -up linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h.4.16-rc4 linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h
--- linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h.4.16-rc4 2018-03-04 22:54:11.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-4.16-rc4/arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h 2018-03-11 05:12:35.916338703 +0000
@@ -22,6 +22,11 @@ struct vsyscall_gtod_data {
u64 mask;
u32 mult;
u32 shift;
+ u64 raw_cycle_last;
+ u64 raw_mask;
+ u32 raw_mult;
+ u32 raw_shift;
+ u32 has_rdtscp;

/* open coded 'struct timespec' */
u64 wall_time_snsec;
@@ -32,6 +37,8 @@ struct vsyscall_gtod_data {
gtod_long_t wall_time_coarse_nsec;
gtod_long_t monotonic_time_coarse_sec;
gtod_long_t monotonic_time_coarse_nsec;
+ gtod_long_t monotonic_time_raw_sec;
+ gtod_long_t monotonic_time_raw_nsec;

int tz_minuteswest;
int tz_dsttime;
---
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