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Subject[PATCH v2] x86/microcode/AMD: check microcode file sanity before loading it
Date
Currently, it is very easy to make the AMD microcode update driver crash
or spin on a malformed microcode file since it does very little
consistency checking on data loaded from such file.

This commit introduces various checks, mostly on length-type fields, so
all corrupted microcode files are (hopefully) correctly rejected instead.

Signed-off-by: Maciej S. Szmigiero <mail@maciej.szmigiero.name>
---
Changes from v1: Capitalize a comment, rename 'eqsize' and 'bufsize'
to 'eq_size' and 'buf_size', respectively, attach a comment about
checking the equivalence table header to its first size check, rename
'equiv{_cpu,}_table_size' to 'equiv{_cpu,}_table_entries'.

Test files are at https://pastebin.com/XkKUSmMp
One has to enable KASAN in the kernel config and rename a particular
test file to name appropriate to the running CPU family to test its
loading.

arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_amd.h | 6 ++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c | 112 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
2 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_amd.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_amd.h
index 209492849566..373a202ea569 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_amd.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/microcode_amd.h
@@ -19,6 +19,9 @@ struct equiv_cpu_entry {
u16 res;
} __attribute__((packed));

+/* 4k */
+#define UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_MAX_SIZE (256 * sizeof(struct equiv_cpu_entry))
+
struct microcode_header_amd {
u32 data_code;
u32 patch_id;
@@ -41,6 +44,9 @@ struct microcode_amd {
unsigned int mpb[0];
};

+/* If a patch is larger than this the microcode file is surely corrupted */
+#define PATCH_MAX_SIZE_ABSOLUTE (16 * 1024 * 1024)
+
#define PATCH_MAX_SIZE PAGE_SIZE

#ifdef CONFIG_MICROCODE_AMD
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
index a998e1a7d46f..1cbccf79ff68 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/amd.c
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
#include <asm/msr.h>

static struct equiv_cpu_entry *equiv_cpu_table;
+static unsigned int equiv_cpu_table_entries;

/*
* This points to the current valid container of microcode patches which we will
@@ -63,12 +64,18 @@ static u8 amd_ucode_patch[PATCH_MAX_SIZE];
static const char
ucode_path[] __maybe_unused = "kernel/x86/microcode/AuthenticAMD.bin";

-static u16 find_equiv_id(struct equiv_cpu_entry *equiv_table, u32 sig)
+static u16 find_equiv_id(const struct equiv_cpu_entry *equiv_table,
+ unsigned int equiv_table_entries, u32 sig)
{
- for (; equiv_table && equiv_table->installed_cpu; equiv_table++) {
- if (sig == equiv_table->installed_cpu)
- return equiv_table->equiv_cpu;
- }
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ if (!equiv_table)
+ return 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < equiv_table_entries && equiv_table[i].installed_cpu;
+ i++)
+ if (sig == equiv_table[i].installed_cpu)
+ return equiv_table[i].equiv_cpu;

return 0;
}
@@ -80,29 +87,41 @@ static u16 find_equiv_id(struct equiv_cpu_entry *equiv_table, u32 sig)
* Returns the amount of bytes consumed while scanning. @desc contains all the
* data we're going to use in later stages of the application.
*/
-static ssize_t parse_container(u8 *ucode, ssize_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
+static size_t parse_container(u8 *ucode, size_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
{
struct equiv_cpu_entry *eq;
- ssize_t orig_size = size;
+ size_t orig_size = size;
u32 *hdr = (u32 *)ucode;
+ u32 eq_size;
u16 eq_id;
u8 *buf;

/* Am I looking at an equivalence table header? */
+ if (size < CONTAINER_HDR_SZ)
+ return 0;
+
if (hdr[0] != UCODE_MAGIC ||
hdr[1] != UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_TYPE ||
hdr[2] == 0)
return CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;

+ eq_size = hdr[2];
+ if (eq_size < sizeof(*eq) ||
+ eq_size > UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_MAX_SIZE)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (size < CONTAINER_HDR_SZ + eq_size)
+ return 0;
+
buf = ucode;

eq = (struct equiv_cpu_entry *)(buf + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ);

/* Find the equivalence ID of our CPU in this table: */
- eq_id = find_equiv_id(eq, desc->cpuid_1_eax);
+ eq_id = find_equiv_id(eq, eq_size / sizeof(*eq), desc->cpuid_1_eax);

- buf += hdr[2] + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;
- size -= hdr[2] + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;
+ buf += eq_size + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;
+ size -= eq_size + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;

/*
* Scan through the rest of the container to find where it ends. We do
@@ -112,6 +131,9 @@ static ssize_t parse_container(u8 *ucode, ssize_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
struct microcode_amd *mc;
u32 patch_size;

+ if (size < SECTION_HDR_SIZE)
+ break;
+
hdr = (u32 *)buf;

if (hdr[0] != UCODE_UCODE_TYPE)
@@ -126,6 +148,10 @@ static ssize_t parse_container(u8 *ucode, ssize_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
buf += SECTION_HDR_SIZE;
size -= SECTION_HDR_SIZE;

+ if (size < sizeof(*mc) ||
+ size < patch_size)
+ break;
+
mc = (struct microcode_amd *)buf;
if (eq_id == mc->hdr.processor_rev_id) {
desc->psize = patch_size;
@@ -159,15 +185,13 @@ static ssize_t parse_container(u8 *ucode, ssize_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
*/
static void scan_containers(u8 *ucode, size_t size, struct cont_desc *desc)
{
- ssize_t rem = size;
-
- while (rem >= 0) {
- ssize_t s = parse_container(ucode, rem, desc);
+ while (size > 0) {
+ size_t s = parse_container(ucode, size, desc);
if (!s)
return;

ucode += s;
- rem -= s;
+ size -= s;
}
}

@@ -364,20 +388,21 @@ void reload_ucode_amd(void)
static u16 __find_equiv_id(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct ucode_cpu_info *uci = ucode_cpu_info + cpu;
- return find_equiv_id(equiv_cpu_table, uci->cpu_sig.sig);
+ return find_equiv_id(equiv_cpu_table, equiv_cpu_table_entries,
+ uci->cpu_sig.sig);
}

static u32 find_cpu_family_by_equiv_cpu(u16 equiv_cpu)
{
- int i = 0;
+ unsigned int i;

BUG_ON(!equiv_cpu_table);

- while (equiv_cpu_table[i].equiv_cpu != 0) {
+ for (i = 0; i < equiv_cpu_table_entries &&
+ equiv_cpu_table[i].equiv_cpu != 0; i++)
if (equiv_cpu == equiv_cpu_table[i].equiv_cpu)
return equiv_cpu_table[i].installed_cpu;
- i++;
- }
+
return 0;
}

@@ -540,15 +565,31 @@ static enum ucode_state apply_microcode_amd(int cpu)
return UCODE_UPDATED;
}

-static int install_equiv_cpu_table(const u8 *buf)
+static int install_equiv_cpu_table(const u8 *buf, size_t buf_size)
{
unsigned int *ibuf = (unsigned int *)buf;
- unsigned int type = ibuf[1];
- unsigned int size = ibuf[2];
+ unsigned int type, size;

- if (type != UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_TYPE || !size) {
- pr_err("empty section/"
- "invalid type field in container file section header\n");
+ if (buf_size < CONTAINER_HDR_SZ) {
+ pr_err("no container header\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ type = ibuf[1];
+ if (type != UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_TYPE) {
+ pr_err("invalid type field in container file section header\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ size = ibuf[2];
+ if (size < sizeof(struct equiv_cpu_entry) ||
+ size > UCODE_EQUIV_CPU_TABLE_MAX_SIZE) {
+ pr_err("equivalent CPU table size invalid\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (buf_size < CONTAINER_HDR_SZ + size) {
+ pr_err("equivalent CPU table truncated\n");
return -EINVAL;
}

@@ -559,6 +600,7 @@ static int install_equiv_cpu_table(const u8 *buf)
}

memcpy(equiv_cpu_table, buf + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ, size);
+ equiv_cpu_table_entries = size / sizeof(struct equiv_cpu_entry);

/* add header length */
return size + CONTAINER_HDR_SZ;
@@ -568,6 +610,7 @@ static void free_equiv_cpu_table(void)
{
vfree(equiv_cpu_table);
equiv_cpu_table = NULL;
+ equiv_cpu_table_entries = 0;
}

static void cleanup(void)
@@ -591,7 +634,15 @@ static int verify_and_add_patch(u8 family, u8 *fw, unsigned int leftover)
u32 proc_fam;
u16 proc_id;

+ if (leftover < SECTION_HDR_SIZE + sizeof(*mc_hdr))
+ return leftover;
+
patch_size = *(u32 *)(fw + 4);
+ if (patch_size > PATCH_MAX_SIZE_ABSOLUTE) {
+ pr_err("mammoth patch size %u\n", patch_size);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
crnt_size = patch_size + SECTION_HDR_SIZE;
mc_hdr = (struct microcode_header_amd *)(fw + SECTION_HDR_SIZE);
proc_id = mc_hdr->processor_rev_id;
@@ -613,7 +664,8 @@ static int verify_and_add_patch(u8 family, u8 *fw, unsigned int leftover)
return crnt_size;
}

- ret = verify_patch_size(family, patch_size, leftover);
+ ret = verify_patch_size(family, patch_size,
+ leftover - SECTION_HDR_SIZE);
if (!ret) {
pr_err("Patch-ID 0x%08x: size mismatch.\n", mc_hdr->patch_id);
return crnt_size;
@@ -654,7 +706,7 @@ static enum ucode_state __load_microcode_amd(u8 family, const u8 *data,
int crnt_size = 0;
int offset;

- offset = install_equiv_cpu_table(data);
+ offset = install_equiv_cpu_table(data, size);
if (offset < 0) {
pr_err("failed to create equivalent cpu table\n");
return ret;
@@ -745,6 +797,10 @@ static enum ucode_state request_microcode_amd(int cpu, struct device *device,
}

ret = UCODE_ERROR;
+ if (fw->size < sizeof(u32)) {
+ pr_err("microcode far too short\n");
+ goto fw_release;
+ }
if (*(u32 *)fw->data != UCODE_MAGIC) {
pr_err("invalid magic value (0x%08x)\n", *(u32 *)fw->data);
goto fw_release;
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