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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86/kprobe: unbalanced preempt counter with CONFIG_PREEMPT=y
On Mon, 15 Jan 2018, yangbo@deepin.com wrote:

> From: Yang Bo <yangbo@deepin.com>
>
> For each kprobe hook, preempt_disable() is called twice, but
> preempt_enable() is called once, when CONFIG_PREEMPT=y. No
> matter kprobe uses ftrace or int3. Then the preempt counter
> overflows, the process might be preempted and migrate to another
> cpu. It causes the kprobe int3 being treated as not kprobe's int3,
> kernel dies.
>
> The backtrace looks like this:
>
> int3: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
> Modules linkedd in: ...
> CPU: 1 PID: 2618 COMM: ...
> Hardware: ...
> task: ...
> RIP: 0010[<ffffffff81457cd5>] [<ffffffff81457cd5>] jprobe_return_end+0x0/0xb
> ...
> RIP [<ffffffff81457cd5>] jprobe_return_end+0x0/0xb
> RSP ...
>
> Signed-off-by: Yang Bo <yangbo@deepin.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c | 1 +
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> index bd36f3c33cd0..1ea5c9caa8f1 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/core.c
> @@ -611,6 +611,7 @@ static void setup_singlestep(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
> regs->ip = (unsigned long)p->addr;
> else
> regs->ip = (unsigned long)p->ainsn.insn;
> + preempt_enable_no_resched();

Good catch, but to be honest the proper fix is to move the preempt_enable()
invocation to the callsite. This kind of asymetric handling is error prone
and leads exactly to that type of bugs. Just adding more preempt_enable()
invocations is proliferating the problem.

Looking deeper into kprobe_int3_handler() there are more places which do
this completely unomprehensible conditional preempt count handling via
skip_singlestep() and setup_detour_execution(). What an unholy mess.

Masami?

Thanks,

tglx




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