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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/6] nvme-pci: fix the freeze and quiesce for shutdown and reset case
Hi Keith

Thanks for your time and kindly response on this.

On 02/06/2018 11:13 PM, Keith Busch wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 06, 2018 at 09:46:36AM +0800, wrote:
>> Hi Keith
>> Thanks for your kindly response.
>> On 02/05/2018 11:13 PM, Keith Busch wrote:
>>> but how many requests are you letting enter to their demise by
>>> freezing on the wrong side of the reset?
>> There are only two difference with this patch from the original one.
>> 1. Don't freeze the queue for the reset case. At the moment, the outstanding requests will be requeued back to blk-mq queues.
>> The new entered requests during reset will also stay in blk-mq queues. All this requests will not enter into nvme driver layer
>> due to quiescent request_queues. And they will be issued after the reset is completed successfully.
>> 2. Drain the request queue before nvme_dev_disable. This is nearly same with the previous rule which will also unquiesce the queue
>> and let the requests be able to be drained. The only difference is this patch will invoke wait_freeze in nvme_dev_disable instead
>> of nvme_reset_work.
>> We don't sacrifice any request. This patch do the same thing with the previous one and make things clearer.
> No, what you're proposing is quite different.
> By "enter", I'm referring to blk_queue_enter.
When a request is allocated, it will hold a request_queue->q_usage_counter until it is freed.
Please refer to
blk_mq_get_request -> blk_queue_enter_live
blk_mq_free_request -> blk_exit_queue

Regarding to 'request enters into an hctx', I cannot get the point.
I think you should mean it enter into nvme driver layer.

> Once a request enters
> into an hctx, it can not be backed out to re-enter a new hctx if the
> original one is invalidated.

I also cannot get the point here. We certainly will not issue a request which
has been issued to other hctx.
What this patch and also the original one does is that disable/shutdown controller,
cancel and requeue or fail the outstanding requests.

The requeue mechanism will ensure the requests to be inserted to the ctx where req->mq_ctx->cpu
points to.

> Prior to a reset, all requests that have entered the queue are committed
> to that hctx,

A request could be on
- blk-mq per-cpu ctx->rq_list, IO scheduler list\
- hctx->dispatch list or
- request_queue->requeue_list (will be inserted to 1st case again)

When requests are issued, they will be dequeued from 1st or 2nd case and submitted to nvme driver layer.
These requests are _outstanding_ ones.

When the request queue is quiesced, the request will be stayed in blk-mq per-cpu ctx->rq_list, IO scheduler list
or hctx->dispatch list, and cannot be issued to driver layer any more.
When the request queue is frozen, it will gate the bio out of generic_make_request, so new request cannot enter
blk-mq layer any more, and certainly the nvme driver layer.

For the reset case, the nvme controller will be back soon, we needn't freeze the queue, just quiescing is enough.
The outstanding ones will be canceled and _requeued_ to request_queue->requeue_list, then they will be inserted into
blk-mq layer again by requeue_work. When reset_work completes and start queues again, all the requests will be
issued again. :)

For the shutdown case, freezing and quiescing is safer. Also we will wait them to be completed if the controller is still
alive. If dead, we need to fail them directly instead of requeue them, otherwise, IO hung will come up, because controller
will be offline for some time.

and we can't do anything about that. The only thing we can
> do is prevent new requests from entering until we're sure that hctx is
> valid on the other side of the reset.
yes, that's is what this patch does.

Add some explaining about the 4th patch nvme-pci: break up nvme_timeout and nvme_dev_disable here.
Also thanks for your time to look into this. That's really appreciated!

The key point is blk_abort_request. It will force the request to be expired and then handle the request
in timeout work context. It is safe to race with the irq completion path. This is the most important reason
to use blk_abort_request.
We don't _complete_ the request or _rearm_ the time, but just set a CANCELED flag. So request will not be freed.
Then these requests cannot be taken away by irq completion path and time out path is also be avoid (no outstanding requests any more).
So we say 'all the outstanding requests are grabbed'. When we close the controller totally, we could complete
these requests safely. This is the core idea of the 4th patch.

Many thanks

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