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Subject[PATCH 3/3] mailbox: sunxi-msgbox: Add a new mailbox driver
Date
Recent Allwinner sunxi SoCs contain a "hardware message box" used for
communication between the ARM CPUs and the ARISC management processor
(the platform's equivalent of the ARM SCP). Add a driver for it, so it
can be used for SCPI or other communication protocols.

The hardware contains 8 unidirectional 4-message-deep FIFOs. To fit the
mailbox framework API, this driver combines them into 4 bidirectional
pairs of channels, and only allows one message in each channel to be
queued at a time.

Signed-off-by: Samuel Holland <samuel@sholland.org>
---
drivers/mailbox/Kconfig | 7 +
drivers/mailbox/Makefile | 2 +
drivers/mailbox/sunxi-msgbox.c | 323 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 332 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/mailbox/sunxi-msgbox.c

diff --git a/drivers/mailbox/Kconfig b/drivers/mailbox/Kconfig
index ba2f1525f4ee..d6951b52498f 100644
--- a/drivers/mailbox/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mailbox/Kconfig
@@ -171,4 +171,11 @@ config BCM_FLEXRM_MBOX
Mailbox implementation of the Broadcom FlexRM ring manager,
which provides access to various offload engines on Broadcom
SoCs. Say Y here if you want to use the Broadcom FlexRM.
+
+config SUNXI_MSGBOX
+ bool "Allwinner sunxi Message Box"
+ depends on ARCH_SUNXI
+ help
+ Mailbox driver for the hardware message box used on Allwinner sunxi
+ SoCs to communicate with the SCP.
endif
diff --git a/drivers/mailbox/Makefile b/drivers/mailbox/Makefile
index 4896f8dcae95..37a3e8f6a0eb 100644
--- a/drivers/mailbox/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mailbox/Makefile
@@ -36,3 +36,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BCM_FLEXRM_MBOX) += bcm-flexrm-mailbox.o
obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_APCS_IPC) += qcom-apcs-ipc-mailbox.o

obj-$(CONFIG_TEGRA_HSP_MBOX) += tegra-hsp.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_SUNXI_MSGBOX) += sunxi-msgbox.o
diff --git a/drivers/mailbox/sunxi-msgbox.c b/drivers/mailbox/sunxi-msgbox.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..16ff7aacfc55
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mailbox/sunxi-msgbox.c
@@ -0,0 +1,323 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Samuel Holland <samuel@sholland.org>
+ *
+ * This driver was based on drivers/mailbox/bcm2835-mailbox.c and
+ * drivers/mailbox/rockchip-mailbox.c.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mailbox_controller.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_irq.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/reset.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+
+/*
+ * The message box hardware provides 8 unidirectional channels. As the mailbox
+ * framework expects them to be bidirectional, create virtual channels out of
+ * pairs of opposite-direction hardware channels. The first channel in each pair
+ * is set up for AP->SCP communication, and the second channel is set up for
+ * SCP->AP transmission.
+ */
+#define NUM_CHANS 4
+
+/* These macros take a virtual channel number. */
+#define CTRL_REG(n) (0x0000 + 0x4 * ((n) / 2))
+#define CTRL_MASK(n) (0x1111 << 16 * ((n) % 2))
+#define CTRL_SET(n) (0x0110 << 16 * ((n) % 2))
+
+#define IRQ_EN_REG 0x0060
+#define IRQ_STATUS_REG 0x0070
+#define RX_IRQ(n) BIT(2 + 4 * (n))
+#define TX_IRQ(n) BIT(1 + 4 * (n))
+
+#define REMOTE_IRQ_EN_REG 0x0040
+#define REMOTE_IRQ_STATUS_REG 0x0050
+#define REMOTE_RX_IRQ(n) BIT(0 + 4 * (n))
+#define REMOTE_TX_IRQ(n) BIT(3 + 4 * (n))
+
+#define RX_FIFO_STATUS_REG(n) (0x0104 + 0x8 * (n))
+#define TX_FIFO_STATUS_REG(n) (0x0100 + 0x8 * (n))
+#define FIFO_STATUS_MASK BIT(0)
+
+#define RX_MSG_STATUS_REG(n) (0x0144 + 0x8 * (n))
+#define TX_MSG_STATUS_REG(n) (0x0140 + 0x8 * (n))
+#define MSG_STATUS_MASK GENMASK(2, 0)
+
+#define RX_MSG_DATA_REG(n) (0x0184 + 0x8 * (n))
+#define TX_MSG_DATA_REG(n) (0x0180 + 0x8 * (n))
+
+struct sunxi_msgbox {
+ struct mbox_controller controller;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ void __iomem *regs;
+};
+
+static bool sunxi_msgbox_last_tx_done(struct mbox_chan *chan);
+static bool sunxi_msgbox_peek_data(struct mbox_chan *chan);
+
+static inline int channel_number(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ return chan - chan->mbox->chans;
+}
+
+static inline struct sunxi_msgbox *channel_to_msgbox(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ return container_of(chan->mbox, struct sunxi_msgbox, controller);
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t sunxi_msgbox_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)
+{
+ struct mbox_chan *chan;
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = dev_id;
+ int n;
+ uint32_t msg, reg;
+
+ reg = readl(mbox->regs + IRQ_STATUS_REG);
+ for (n = 0; n < NUM_CHANS; ++n) {
+ if (!(reg & RX_IRQ(n)))
+ continue;
+ chan = &mbox->controller.chans[n];
+ while (sunxi_msgbox_peek_data(chan)) {
+ msg = readl(mbox->regs + RX_MSG_DATA_REG(n));
+ dev_dbg(mbox->controller.dev,
+ "Received 0x%08x on channel %d\n", msg, n);
+ mbox_chan_received_data(chan, &msg);
+ }
+ /* Clear the pending interrupt once the FIFO is empty. */
+ writel(RX_IRQ(n), mbox->regs + IRQ_STATUS_REG);
+ }
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int sunxi_msgbox_send_data(struct mbox_chan *chan, void *data)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = channel_to_msgbox(chan);
+ int n = channel_number(chan);
+ uint32_t msg = *(uint32_t *)data;
+
+ if (!sunxi_msgbox_last_tx_done(chan)) {
+ dev_dbg(mbox->controller.dev,
+ "Busy sending 0x%08x on channel %d\n", msg, n);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ writel(msg, mbox->regs + TX_MSG_DATA_REG(n));
+ dev_dbg(mbox->controller.dev,
+ "Sent 0x%08x on channel %d\n", msg, n);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sunxi_msgbox_startup(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = channel_to_msgbox(chan);
+ int n = channel_number(chan);
+ uint32_t reg;
+
+ /* Ensure FIFO directions are set properly. */
+ spin_lock(&mbox->lock);
+ reg = readl(mbox->regs + CTRL_REG(n));
+ writel((reg & ~CTRL_MASK(n)) | CTRL_SET(n), mbox->regs + CTRL_REG(n));
+ spin_unlock(&mbox->lock);
+
+ /* Clear existing messages in the receive FIFO. */
+ while (sunxi_msgbox_peek_data(chan))
+ readl(mbox->regs + RX_MSG_DATA_REG(n));
+
+ /* Clear and enable the receive interrupt. */
+ spin_lock(&mbox->lock);
+ reg = readl(mbox->regs + IRQ_STATUS_REG);
+ writel(reg | RX_IRQ(n), mbox->regs + IRQ_STATUS_REG);
+ reg = readl(mbox->regs + IRQ_EN_REG);
+ writel(reg | RX_IRQ(n), mbox->regs + IRQ_EN_REG);
+ spin_unlock(&mbox->lock);
+
+ dev_dbg(mbox->controller.dev, "Startup channel %d\n", n);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void sunxi_msgbox_shutdown(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = channel_to_msgbox(chan);
+ int n = channel_number(chan);
+ uint32_t reg;
+
+ /* Disable the receive interrupt. */
+ spin_lock(&mbox->lock);
+ reg = readl(mbox->regs + IRQ_EN_REG);
+ writel(reg & ~RX_IRQ(n), mbox->regs + IRQ_EN_REG);
+ spin_unlock(&mbox->lock);
+
+ dev_dbg(mbox->controller.dev, "Shutdown channel %d\n", n);
+}
+
+static bool sunxi_msgbox_last_tx_done(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = channel_to_msgbox(chan);
+ int n = channel_number(chan);
+
+ /*
+ * The message box hardware allows us to snoop on the other user's IRQ
+ * statuses. Consider a message to be acknowledged when the reception
+ * IRQ for that channel is cleared. As the hardware only allows clearing
+ * the IRQ for a channel when the FIFO is empty, this still ensures that
+ * the message has actually been read. Compared to checking the number
+ * of messages in the FIFO, it also gives the receiver an opportunity to
+ * perform minimal message handling (such as recording extra information
+ * from a shared memory buffer) before acknowledging a message.
+ */
+ return !(readl(mbox->regs + REMOTE_IRQ_STATUS_REG) & REMOTE_RX_IRQ(n));
+}
+
+static bool sunxi_msgbox_peek_data(struct mbox_chan *chan)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = channel_to_msgbox(chan);
+ int n = channel_number(chan);
+
+ return (readl(mbox->regs + RX_MSG_STATUS_REG(n)) & MSG_STATUS_MASK) > 0;
+}
+
+static const struct mbox_chan_ops sunxi_msgbox_chan_ops = {
+ .send_data = sunxi_msgbox_send_data,
+ .startup = sunxi_msgbox_startup,
+ .shutdown = sunxi_msgbox_shutdown,
+ .last_tx_done = sunxi_msgbox_last_tx_done,
+ .peek_data = sunxi_msgbox_peek_data,
+};
+
+static struct mbox_chan *sunxi_msgbox_index_xlate(struct mbox_controller *mbox,
+ const struct of_phandle_args *sp)
+{
+ if (sp->args_count != 2)
+ return NULL;
+ /* Enforce this driver's assumed physical-to-virtual channel mapping. */
+ if ((sp->args[0] % 2) || (sp->args[1] != sp->args[0] + 1) ||
+ (sp->args[0] > (NUM_CHANS - 1) * 2))
+ return NULL;
+
+ return &mbox->chans[sp->args[0] / 2];
+}
+
+static int sunxi_msgbox_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct clk *clk;
+ struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
+ struct mbox_chan *chans;
+ struct reset_control *rst;
+ struct resource *res;
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox;
+ int ret;
+
+ mbox = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*mbox), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mbox)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ chans = devm_kcalloc(dev, NUM_CHANS, sizeof(*chans), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!chans)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ if (!res)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ mbox->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
+ if (IS_ERR(mbox->regs))
+ return PTR_ERR(mbox->regs);
+
+ clk = devm_clk_get(dev, "bus");
+ if (IS_ERR(clk)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to get bus clock\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(clk);
+ }
+
+ rst = devm_reset_control_get(dev, "bus");
+ if (IS_ERR(rst)) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to get bus reset\n");
+ return PTR_ERR(rst);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The failure path should not disable the clock or assert the reset,
+ * because the PSCI implementation in firmware relies on this device
+ * being functional. Claiming the clock in this driver is required to
+ * prevent Linux from turning it off.
+ */
+ ret = clk_prepare_enable(clk);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to enable bus clock: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = reset_control_deassert(rst);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to deassert bus reset: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* Disable all interrupts. */
+ writel(0, mbox->regs + IRQ_EN_REG);
+
+ ret = devm_request_irq(dev, irq_of_parse_and_map(dev->of_node, 0),
+ sunxi_msgbox_irq, 0, dev_name(dev), mbox);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to register IRQ handler: %d\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ mbox->controller.dev = dev;
+ mbox->controller.ops = &sunxi_msgbox_chan_ops;
+ mbox->controller.chans = chans;
+ mbox->controller.num_chans = NUM_CHANS;
+ mbox->controller.txdone_irq = false;
+ mbox->controller.txdone_poll = true;
+ mbox->controller.txpoll_period = 5;
+ mbox->controller.of_xlate = sunxi_msgbox_index_xlate;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&mbox->lock);
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, mbox);
+
+ ret = mbox_controller_register(&mbox->controller);
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(dev, "Failed to register mailbox: %d\n", ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int sunxi_msgbox_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct sunxi_msgbox *mbox = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ mbox_controller_unregister(&mbox->controller);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id sunxi_msgbox_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "allwinner,sunxi-msgbox", },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sunxi_msgbox_of_match);
+
+static struct platform_driver sunxi_msgbox_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "sunxi-msgbox",
+ .of_match_table = sunxi_msgbox_of_match,
+ },
+ .probe = sunxi_msgbox_probe,
+ .remove = sunxi_msgbox_remove,
+};
+module_platform_driver(sunxi_msgbox_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Samuel Holland <samuel@sholland.org>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Allwinner sunxi Message Box");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.13.6
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