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Subject[PATCH v0 1/3] livepatch: add sample cumulative patch
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Add a simple atomic replace / cumulative livepatch example.

Signed-off-by: Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
---
samples/livepatch/Makefile | 1 +
samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.c | 216 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 217 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.c

diff --git a/samples/livepatch/Makefile b/samples/livepatch/Makefile
index 2472ce39a18d..dd0e2a8af1af 100644
--- a/samples/livepatch/Makefile
+++ b/samples/livepatch/Makefile
@@ -5,3 +5,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-shadow-fix2.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-callbacks-demo.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-callbacks-mod.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-callbacks-busymod.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_LIVEPATCH) += livepatch-cumulative.o
diff --git a/samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.c b/samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ab036439e08c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.c
@@ -0,0 +1,216 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
+ * of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * livepatch-callbacks-cumulative.c - atomic replace / cumulative livepatch demo
+ *
+ *
+ * Purpose
+ * -------
+ *
+ * Demonstration of atomic replace / cumulative livepatching.
+ *
+ *
+ * Usage
+ * -----
+ *
+ * Step 1 - Load the sample livepatch demo
+ *
+ * insmod samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.ko
+ *
+ * Notice that /proc/cmdline was modified by the patch. For the moment,
+ * /proc/meminfo remains unmodified.
+ *
+ * head /proc/cmdline /proc/meminfo
+ * ==> /proc/cmdline <==
+ * this has been live patched
+ *
+ * ==> /proc/meminfo <==
+ * MemTotal: 4041368 kB
+ * MemFree: 3323504 kB
+ * MemAvailable: 3619968 kB
+ * Buffers: 2108 kB
+ * Cached: 484696 kB
+ * SwapCached: 0 kB
+ * Active: 297960 kB
+ * Inactive: 262964 kB
+ * Active(anon): 74296 kB
+ * Inactive(anon): 8300 kB
+ *
+ *
+ * Step 2 - Load a second patch (on top of sample)
+ *
+ * insmod samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.ko replace=0
+ *
+ * The second livepatch adds a modification to meminfo_proc_show(),
+ * changing the output of /proc/meminfo. In this case, the second
+ * livepatch *supplements* the features of the first:
+ *
+ * head /proc/cmdline /proc/meminfo
+ * ==> /proc/cmdline <==
+ * this has been live patched
+ *
+ * ==> /proc/meminfo <==
+ * this has been live patched
+ *
+ * and module references and livepatch enable counts reflect both
+ * livepatches accordingly:
+ *
+ * lsmod | grep livepatch
+ * livepatch_cumulative 16384 1
+ * livepatch_sample 16384 1
+ *
+ * head /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_{cumulative,sample}/enabled
+ * ==> /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_cumulative/enabled <==
+ * 1
+ *
+ * ==> /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_sample/enabled <==
+ * 1
+ *
+ *
+ * Step 3 - Remove the second patch
+ *
+ * echo 0 > /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_cumulative/enabled
+ * rmmod livepatch-cumulative
+ *
+ *
+ * Step 4 - Load a second patch in atomic replace mode
+ *
+ * insmod samples/livepatch/livepatch-cumulative.ko replace=1
+ *
+ * This time, notice that the second patch has *replaced* the features of
+ * the first place:
+ *
+ * head /proc/cmdline /proc/meminfo
+ * ==> /proc/cmdline <==
+ * BOOT_IMAGE=/vmlinuz-4.16.0-rc2+ root=/dev/mapper/centos-root ro console=tty0 console=ttyS0,115200 rd_NO_PLYMOUTH crashkernel=auto rd.lvm.lv=centos/root rd.lvm.lv=centos/swap rhgb quiet LANG=en_US.UTF-8
+ *
+ * ==> /proc/meminfo <==
+ * this has been live patched
+ *
+ * The first patch is automatically disabled:
+ *
+ * lsmod | grep livepatch
+ * livepatch_cumulative 16384 1
+ * livepatch_sample 16384 0
+ *
+ * head /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_{cumulative,sample}/enabled
+ * ==> /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_cumulative/enabled <==
+ * 1
+ *
+ * ==> /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_sample/enabled <==
+ * 0
+ *
+ *
+ * Step 5 - Clean up
+ *
+ * Since the first patch was replaced, it is already disabled and its
+ * module may be removed:
+ *
+ * rmmod livepatch_sample
+ * echo 0 > /sys/kernel/livepatch/livepatch_cumulative/enabled
+ * rmmod livepatch-cumulative
+ */
+
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/livepatch.h>
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Livepatch atomic replace demo");
+
+static int replace;
+module_param(replace, int, 0644);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(replace, "replace (default=0)");
+
+#if 0
+/* Cumulative patches don't need to re-introduce original functions in
+ * order to "revert" them from previous livepatches.
+ *
+ * - If this module is loaded in atomic replace mode, the ftrace
+ * handlers (and therefore previous livepatches) will be removed from
+ * cmdline_proc_show(). The latest cumulative patch contains all
+ * modified code.
+ *
+ * - Otherwise, by default livepatches supplement each other, and we'd
+ * need to provide a fresh copy of cmdline_proc_show() to revert its
+ * behavior.
+ */
+static int livepatch_cmdline_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ seq_printf(m, "%s\n", saved_command_line);
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+static int livepatch_meminfo_proc_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ seq_printf(m, "%s\n", "this has been live patched");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct klp_func funcs[] = {
+ {
+ .old_name = "meminfo_proc_show",
+ .new_func = livepatch_meminfo_proc_show,
+ }, { }
+};
+
+static struct klp_object objs[] = {
+ {
+ /* name being NULL means vmlinux */
+ .funcs = funcs,
+ }, { }
+};
+
+static struct klp_patch patch = {
+ .mod = THIS_MODULE,
+ .objs = objs,
+ /* set .replace in the init function below for demo purposes */
+};
+
+static int livepatch_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ patch.replace = replace;
+
+ ret = klp_register_patch(&patch);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ ret = klp_enable_patch(&patch);
+ if (ret) {
+ WARN_ON(klp_unregister_patch(&patch));
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void livepatch_exit(void)
+{
+ WARN_ON(klp_unregister_patch(&patch));
+}
+
+module_init(livepatch_init);
+module_exit(livepatch_exit);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_INFO(livepatch, "Y");
--
1.8.3.1
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