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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH V2 06/22] x86/intel_rdt: Create pseudo-locked regions
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Hi Thomas,

On 2/19/2018 12:57 PM, Thomas Gleixner wrote:
> On Tue, 13 Feb 2018, Reinette Chatre wrote:
>
>> System administrator creates/removes pseudo-locked regions by
>> creating/removing directories in the pseudo-lock subdirectory of the
>> resctrl filesystem. Here we add directory creation and removal support.
>>
>> A "pseudo-lock region" is introduced, which represents an
>> instance of a pseudo-locked cache region. During mkdir a new region is
>> created but since we do not know which cache it belongs to at that time
>> we maintain a global pointer to it from where it will be moved to the cache
>> (rdt_domain) it belongs to after initialization. This implies that
>> we only support one uninitialized pseudo-locked region at a time.
>
> Whats the reason for this restriction? If there are uninitialized
> directories, so what?

I was thinking about a problematic scenario where an application
attempts to create infinite directories. All of these uninitialized
directories need to be kept track of before they are initialized as
pseudo-locked regions. It seemed simpler to require that one
pseudo-locked region is set up at a time.

>> Signed-off-by: Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@intel.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.h | 3 +
>> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.c | 220 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> 2 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.h b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.h
>> index 8f5ded384e19..55f085985072 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt.h
>> @@ -352,6 +352,7 @@ extern struct mutex rdtgroup_mutex;
>> extern struct rdt_resource rdt_resources_all[];
>> extern struct rdtgroup rdtgroup_default;
>> DECLARE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(rdt_alloc_enable_key);
>> +extern struct kernfs_node *pseudo_lock_kn;
>>
>> int __init rdtgroup_init(void);
>>
>> @@ -457,5 +458,7 @@ bool has_busy_rmid(struct rdt_resource *r, struct rdt_domain *d);
>> void __check_limbo(struct rdt_domain *d, bool force_free);
>> int rdt_pseudo_lock_fs_init(struct kernfs_node *root);
>> void rdt_pseudo_lock_fs_remove(void);
>> +int rdt_pseudo_lock_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode);
>> +int rdt_pseudo_lock_rmdir(struct kernfs_node *kn);
>>
>> #endif /* _ASM_X86_INTEL_RDT_H */
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.c
>> index a787a103c432..7a22e367b82f 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.c
>> @@ -20,11 +20,142 @@
>> #define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
>>
>> #include <linux/kernfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/kref.h>
>> #include <linux/seq_file.h>
>> #include <linux/stat.h>
>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>> #include "intel_rdt.h"
>>
>> -static struct kernfs_node *pseudo_lock_kn;
>> +struct kernfs_node *pseudo_lock_kn;
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Protect the pseudo_lock_region access. Since we will link to
>> + * pseudo_lock_region from rdt domains rdtgroup_mutex should be obtained
>> + * first if needed.
>> + */
>> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex);
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * struct pseudo_lock_region - pseudo-lock region information
>> + * @kn: kernfs node representing this region in the resctrl
>> + * filesystem
>> + * @cbm: bitmask of the pseudo-locked region
>> + * @cpu: core associated with the cache on which the setup code
>> + * will be run
>> + * @minor: minor number of character device associated with this
>> + * region
>> + * @locked: state indicating if this region has been locked or not
>> + * @refcount: how many are waiting to access this pseudo-lock
>> + * region via kernfs
>> + * @deleted: user requested removal of region via rmdir on kernfs
>> + */
>> +struct pseudo_lock_region {
>> + struct kernfs_node *kn;
>> + u32 cbm;
>> + int cpu;
>> + unsigned int minor;
>> + bool locked;
>> + struct kref refcount;
>> + bool deleted;
>> +};
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Only one uninitialized pseudo-locked region can exist at a time. An
>> + * uninitialized pseudo-locked region is created when the user creates a
>> + * new directory within the pseudo_lock subdirectory of the resctrl
>> + * filsystem. The user will initialize the pseudo-locked region by writing
>> + * to its schemata file at which point this structure will be moved to the
>> + * cache domain it belongs to.
>> + */
>> +static struct pseudo_lock_region *new_plr;
>
> Why isn't the struct pointer not stored in the corresponding kernfs's node->priv?

It is. The life cycle of the uninitialized pseudo-locked region is
managed with this pointer though. The initialized pseudo-locked regions
are managed through their pointers within struct rdt_domain to which
they belong. The uninitialized pseudo-locked region is tracked here
until moved to the cache domain to which it belongs.

>> +static void __pseudo_lock_region_release(struct pseudo_lock_region *plr)
>> +{
>> + bool is_new_plr = (plr == new_plr);
>> +
>> + WARN_ON(!plr->deleted);
>> + if (!plr->deleted)
>> + return;
>
> if (WARN_ON(...))
> return;
>

Will fix.

>> +
>> + kfree(plr);
>> + if (is_new_plr)
>> + new_plr = NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void pseudo_lock_region_release(struct kref *ref)
>> +{
>> + struct pseudo_lock_region *plr = container_of(ref,
>> + struct pseudo_lock_region,
>> + refcount);
>
> You simply can avoid those line breaks by:
>
> struct pseudo_lock_region *plr;
>
> plr = container_of(ref, struct pseudo_lock_region, refcount);
>
> Hmm?
>

Absolutely. Will fix.

>> + mutex_lock(&rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex);
>> + __pseudo_lock_region_release(plr);
>> + mutex_unlock(&rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * pseudo_lock_region_kn_lock - Obtain lock to pseudo-lock region kernfs node
>> + *
>> + * This is called from the kernfs related functions which are called with
>> + * an active reference to the kernfs_node that contains a valid pointer to
>> + * the pseudo-lock region it represents. We can thus safely take an active
>> + * reference to the pseudo-lock region before dropping the reference to the
>> + * kernfs_node.
>> + *
>> + * We need to handle the scenarios where the kernfs directory representing
>> + * this pseudo-lock region can be removed while an application still has an
>> + * open handle to one of the directory's files and operations on this
>> + * handle are attempted.
>> + * To support this we allow a file operation to drop its reference to the
>> + * kernfs_node so that the removal can proceed, while using the mutex to
>> + * ensure these operations on the pseudo-lock region are serialized. At the
>> + * time an operation does obtain access to the region it may thus have been
>> + * deleted.
>> + */
>> +static struct pseudo_lock_region *pseudo_lock_region_kn_lock(
>> + struct kernfs_node *kn)
>> +{
>> + struct pseudo_lock_region *plr = (kernfs_type(kn) == KERNFS_DIR) ?
>> + kn->priv : kn->parent->priv;
>
> See above.

Will fix.

>
>> +int rdt_pseudo_lock_mkdir(const char *name, umode_t mode)
>> +{
>> + struct pseudo_lock_region *plr;
>> + struct kernfs_node *kn;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&rdtgroup_mutex);
>> + mutex_lock(&rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex);
>> +
>> + if (new_plr) {
>> + ret = -ENOSPC;
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + plr = kzalloc(sizeof(*plr), GFP_KERNEL);
>> + if (!plr) {
>> + ret = -ENOSPC;
>
> ENOMEM is the proper error code here.

Will fix.

>
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + kn = kernfs_create_dir(pseudo_lock_kn, name, mode, plr);
>> + if (IS_ERR(kn)) {
>> + ret = PTR_ERR(kn);
>> + goto out_free;
>> + }
>> +
>> + plr->kn = kn;
>> + ret = rdtgroup_kn_set_ugid(kn);
>> + if (ret)
>> + goto out_remove;
>> +
>> + kref_init(&plr->refcount);
>> + kernfs_activate(kn);
>> + new_plr = plr;
>> + ret = 0;
>> + goto out;
>> +
>> +out_remove:
>> + kernfs_remove(kn);
>> +out_free:
>> + kfree(plr);
>> +out:
>> + mutex_unlock(&rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex);
>> + mutex_unlock(&rdtgroup_mutex);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * rdt_pseudo_lock_rmdir - Remove pseudo-lock region
>> + *
>> + * LOCKING:
>> + * Since the pseudo-locked region can be associated with a RDT domain at
>> + * removal we take both rdtgroup_mutex and rdt_pseudo_lock_mutex to protect
>> + * the rdt_domain access as well as the pseudo_lock_region access.
>
> Is there a real reason / benefit for having this second mutex?

Some interactions with the pseudo-locked region are currently done
without the need for the rdtgroup_mutex. For example, interaction with
the character device associated with the pseudo-locked region (the
mmap() call) as well as the debugfs operations.

Reinette

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