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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH V2 01/22] x86/intel_rdt: Documentation for Cache Pseudo-Locking
Hi Randy,

On 2/19/2018 1:27 PM, Randy Dunlap wrote:
> On 02/13/18 07:46, Reinette Chatre wrote:
>> Add description of Cache Pseudo-Locking feature, its interface,
>> as well as an example of its usage.
>> Signed-off-by: Reinette Chatre <>
>> ---
>> Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt | 229 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>> 1 file changed, 228 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> diff --git a/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt b/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
>> index 756fd76b78a6..bb3d6fe0a3e4 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
>> @@ -329,6 +332,149 @@ L3CODE:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=fffff;3=fffff
>> L3DATA:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=3c0;3=fffff
>> L3CODE:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=fffff;3=fffff
>> +Cache Pseudo-Locking
>> +--------------------
>> +CAT enables a user to specify the amount of cache space into which an
> space that an

Will fix.

>> +application can fill. Cache pseudo-locking builds on the fact that a
>> +CPU can still read and write data pre-allocated outside its current
>> +allocated area on a cache hit. With cache pseudo-locking, data can be
>> +preloaded into a reserved portion of cache that no application can
>> +fill, and from that point on will only serve cache hits. The cache
>> +pseudo-locked memory is made accessible to user space where an
>> +application can map it into its virtual address space and thus have
>> +a region of memory with reduced average read latency.
>> +
>> +Cache pseudo-locking increases the probability that data will remain
>> +in the cache via carefully configuring the CAT feature and controlling
>> +application behavior. There is no guarantee that data is placed in
>> +cache. Instructions like INVD, WBINVD, CLFLUSH, etc. can still evict
>> +“locked” data from cache. Power management C-states may shrink or
>> +power off cache. It is thus recommended to limit the processor maximum
>> +C-state, for example, by setting the processor.max_cstate kernel parameter.
>> +
>> +It is required that an application using a pseudo-locked region runs
>> +with affinity to the cores (or a subset of the cores) associated
>> +with the cache on which the pseudo-locked region resides. This is
>> +enforced by the implementation.
>> +
>> +Pseudo-locking is accomplished in two stages:
>> +1) During the first stage the system administrator allocates a portion
>> + of cache that should be dedicated to pseudo-locking. At this time an
>> + equivalent portion of memory is allocated, loaded into allocated
>> + cache portion, and exposed as a character device.
>> +2) During the second stage a user-space application maps (mmap()) the
>> + pseudo-locked memory into its address space.
>> +
>> +Cache Pseudo-Locking Interface
>> +------------------------------
>> +Platforms supporting cache pseudo-locking will expose a new
>> +"/sys/fs/restrl/pseudo_lock" directory after successful mount of the
>> +resctrl filesystem. Initially this directory will contain a single file,
>> +"avail" that contains the schemata, one line per resource, of cache region
>> +available for pseudo-locking.
> uh, sysfs is supposed to be one value per file.

This builds on how the schemata file currently works.

>> +A pseudo-locked region is created by creating a new directory within
>> +/sys/fs/resctrl/pseudo_lock. On success two new files will appear in
>> +the directory:
>> +
>> +"schemata":
>> + Shows the schemata representing the pseudo-locked cache region.
>> + User writes schemata of requested locked area to file.
> use complete sentences, please. E.g.:
> The user writes the schemata of the requested locked area to the file.
>> + Only one id of single resource accepted - can only lock from
> of a single resource is accepted -

Will fix both.

>> + single cache instance. Writing of schemata to this file will
>> + return success on successful pseudo-locked region setup.
>> +"size":
>> + After successful pseudo-locked region setup this read-only file
>> + will contain the size in bytes of pseudo-locked region.

Thank you very much for taking a look!


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