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SubjectRe: [PATCH] arm64: acpi,efi: fix alignment fault in accessing ACPI tables at kdump
To be clear, I refer to my patches as patch#1 for [1] and patch#2 for [2],
respectively, hereafter.


On Fri, Feb 09, 2018 at 04:03:56PM +0000, James Morse wrote:
> Hi Akashi, Ard,
> On 02/02/18 04:35, AKASHI Takahiro wrote:
> > On Thu, Feb 01, 2018 at 05:34:26PM +0000, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> >> On 1 February 2018 at 09:04, AKASHI Takahiro <> wrote:
> >>> * Initial ACPI tables are normally stored in system ram and marked as
> >>> "ACPI Reclaim memory" by the firmware.
> >>> * After the commit f56ab9a5b73c ("efi/arm: Don't mark ACPI reclaim
> >>> memory as MEMBLOCK_NOMAP"), those regions are differently handled
> >>> as they are "memblock-reserved", without NOMAP bit.
> I don't think I'd grasped the implications of this before... are we accessing
> the acpi tables via the linear map now?

Yes, on the current mainline
yes, on crash dump kernel with patch#1
no, on crash dump kernel with patch#2

> >>> * So they are now excluded from device tree's "usable-memory-range"
> >>> which kexec-tools determines based on a current view of /proc/iomem.
> >> So this patch does fix the fallout of how this issue affects ACPI boot
> >> in particular, but is it correct in the first place for the kexec
> >> tools to disregard memory that has been memblock_reserved()?
> I don't think kexec should be allowed to accidentally overwrite these regions as
> they contain data needed to boot the system.
> The reason to allow this would be booting a non-acpi OS and removing all the
> ACPI gubbins from the DTB, (but I don't care if kexec can't do this).
> Overwriting these regions used to be prevented because these regions were nomap,
> but now they are showing up as 'System RAM', so they could be accidentally
> overwritten.

No, please not be confused here.
Usable memory for crash dump kernel will be carefully set aside so that
it won't overlap any portion of currently used or reserved memory at the boot
time of the first kernel. So kdump won't corrupt any data in those regions,
including ACPI Reclaim region. The issue that I'm going to primarily address
in patch#1 and patch#2 is a alignment fault, not data corruption.

In the meantime, the only bug that I've noticed regarding memory allocation
so far is the one reported by Poonam[3].

> It looks like /proc/iomem doesn't see memblock_reserve()d regions
> as they are in both memblock.memory and memblock.reserved.
> > My previous patch[1] is just for this. It would work not only for
> > the case here but also for any "reserved" memory regions.
> > The only noticeable drawback that I see in this approach is that
> > the meaning of "usable-memory-range" is now a bit obscure.
> usable-memory-range is only for kdump. The usable-memory-range is the reserved
> crash region of the previous kernel, it can't overlap with anything that is
> reserved by firmware.
> Have I understood the problem correctly?:
> 1. ACPI reserved regions may be accidentally overwritten by kexec,

No as I said.

> 2. Kdump-kernel can't access the ACPI reserved regions via its linear map.

Yes and no.
It doesn't matter whether we have linear mapping for ACPI reserved regions,
but does matter whether we can access them with unalignment support, that is,

> > Alternatively we may want to modify /proc/iomem, adding a specific
> > resource entry for "ACPI Reclaim regions,"
> This covers 1, nicely. kexec-tool's arm64:iomem_range_callback() looks like it
> ignores regions it doesn't know about.
> > and in turn kexec-tool so as to put them into "usable-memory-range",
> > but it is rather a stopgap
> > measure in my opinion. I don't like kexec relying heavily on userspace
> > tool as exporting the reserved regions in /proc/iomem is also useless
> > for most users.
> Describing all the iomem:reserved regions in dt:usable-memory-range? Yes, that
> sounds fragile.

Not all, but only the regions to be included in "usable-memory-range."

> For 1:
> Changing /proc/iomem to report memblock_reserved() regions as reserved would fix
> 1. (I assume its harder to find the ACPI reserved regions again to describe them
> separately). This stops kexec overwriting them.
> For 2:
> This patch solves the problem, but we access the acpi tables via the linear map
> in the first kernel, but ioremap() them in the kdump kernel.
> The only way to avoid this would be for the kernel's efi code to check that the
> ACPI regions are mapped by the linear map, and add them if they aren't...

Do you think so? IMO, my patch#1 manages this nicely.

-Takahiro AKASHI

> which
> is much scarier. So I prefer this patch for 2..
> Thanks,
> James

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