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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 08/37] nds32: Exception handling
On Tue, Feb 13, 2018 at 10:09 AM, Greentime Hu <> wrote:
> This patch includes the exception/interrupt entries, pt_reg structure and
> related accessors.
> /* Unaligned accessing handling*/
> Andes processors cannot load/store information which is not naturally
> aligned on the bus, i.e., loading a 4 byte data whose start address must
> be divisible by 4. If unaligned data accessing is happened, data
> unaligned exception will be triggered and user will get SIGSEGV or
> kernel oops according to the unaligned address. In order to make user be
> able to load/store data from an unaligned address, software load/store
> emulation is implemented in arch/nds32/mm/alignment.c to address data
> unaligned exception.
> Unaligned accessing handling is disabled by default because it is not a
> normal case. User can enable this feature by following steps.
> A. Compile time:
> 1. Enable kernel config CONFIG_ALIGNMENT_TRAP
> B. Run time:
> 1. Enter /proc/sys/nds32/unaligned_acess folder
> 2. Write 1 to file enable_mode to enable unaligned accessing
> handling. User can disable it by writing 0 to this file.
> 3. Write 1 to file debug to show which unaligned address is under
> processing. User can disable it by writing 0 to this file.
> However, unaligned accessing handler cannot work if this unaligned
> address is not accessible such as protection violation. On this
> condition, the default behaviors for addressing data unaligned exception
> still happen
> Signed-off-by: Vincent Chen <>
> Signed-off-by: Greentime Hu <>

Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <>

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