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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/5] x86/apic: Fix restoring boot irq mode in reboot and kexec/kdump
On 02/13/18 at 10:43am, Dou Liyang wrote:
> Hi Baoquan,
>
> At 02/12/2018 11:08 AM, Eric W. Biederman wrote:
> > Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> writes:
> >
> > > This is a regression fix.
> > >
> > > Before, to fix erratum AVR31, commit 522e66464467 ("x86/apic: Disable
> > > I/O APIC before shutdown of the local APIC") moved lapic_shutdown()
> > > calling after disable_IO_APIC(). This introdued a regression. The
> > > root cause is that disable_IO_APIC() not only clears IO_APIC, also
> > > restore boot irq mode by setting LAPIC/APIC/IMCR, lapic_shutdown()
> > > after disable_IO_APIC() will disable LAPIC and ruin the possible
> > > virtual wire mode setting which the code has been trying to do all
> > > along.
> > >
> > > The consequence is, in KVM guest kernel always prints warning as below
> > > during kexec/kdump kernel boots up. That happened in setup_local_APIC()
> > > since 'do { xxx } while (queued && max_loops > 0)' loop does not function
>
> I am not sure another thing here
>
> AFAIK, according to the order of SMP machine shutdown, other CPUs will
> be stopped firstly, then the last CPU disable its local apic.
>
> --machine_shutdown
> |----......
> |----stop_other_cpus()
> |----local_shutdown()
>
> So, the pending interrupts exist only in BSP and only be ACKed by
> BSP. is it right?(I validated this by print the value of APIC_IRR/ISR of
> all CPUs, found only BSP had the non-zero value).
>
> If it is right, We will do not need check the pending interrupt for each
> cpus.
>
> BTW, the pending interrupt check code is mixed with the local
> APIC setup code, that looks messy. How about extracting the code which
> related to the crash interrupt check, put it into a new function and
> only invoked it when the CPU is BSP?

Yes, looks a good code cleaning up. Virtual wire irq mode only go
through the boot cpu's lapic.

In fact, or put in apic_bsp_setup() since it's only related to boot
cpu to make it look cleaner if can do.

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
index 3fc259b4dd2d..cec2d0692ace 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
@@ -2380,6 +2380,7 @@ void __init apic_bsp_setup(bool upmode)
connect_bsp_APIC();
if (upmode)
apic_bsp_up_setup();
+ clear_crash_pending_intr();
setup_local_APIC();

enable_IO_APIC();
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
> index 3fc259b4dd2d..0350528b320d 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c
> @@ -1408,6 +1408,57 @@ static void lapic_setup_esr(void)
> oldvalue, value);
> }
>
> +
> +static void clear_crash_pending_intr(void)
> +{
> + long long max_loops = cpu_khz ? cpu_khz : 1000000;
> + unsigned long long tsc = 0, ntsc;
> + unsigned int value, queued;
> + int i, j, acked = 0;
Better do a check here.

if (disable_apic)
return;
> +
> + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC))
> + tsc = rdtsc();
> + /*
> + * After a crash, we no longer service the interrupts and a pending
> + * interrupt from previous kernel might still have ISR bit set.
> + *
> + * Most probably by now CPU has serviced that pending interrupt and
> + * it might not have done the ack_APIC_irq() because it thought,
> + * interrupt came from i8259 as ExtInt. LAPIC did not get EOI so it
> + * does not clear the ISR bit and cpu thinks it has already serivced
> + * the interrupt. Hence a vector might get locked. It was noticed
> + * for timer irq (vector 0x31). Issue an extra EOI to clear ISR.
> + */
> + do {
> + queued = 0;
> + for (i = APIC_ISR_NR - 1; i >= 0; i--)
> + queued |= apic_read(APIC_IRR + i*0x10);
> +
> + for (i = APIC_ISR_NR - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
> + value = apic_read(APIC_ISR + i*0x10);
> + for (j = 31; j >= 0; j--) {
> + if (value & (1<<j)) {
> + ack_APIC_irq();
> + acked++;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> + if (acked > 256) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "LAPIC pending interrupts after %d
> EOI\n",
> + acked);
> + break;
> + }
> + if (queued) {
> + if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC) && cpu_khz) {
> + ntsc = rdtsc();
> + max_loops = (cpu_khz << 10) - (ntsc - tsc);
> + } else
> + max_loops--;
> + }
> + } while (queued && max_loops > 0);
> + WARN_ON(max_loops <= 0);
> +}
> +
> /**
> * setup_local_APIC - setup the local APIC
> *
> @@ -1417,13 +1468,7 @@ static void lapic_setup_esr(void)
> void setup_local_APIC(void)
> {
> int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> - unsigned int value, queued;
> - int i, j, acked = 0;
> - unsigned long long tsc = 0, ntsc;
> - long long max_loops = cpu_khz ? cpu_khz : 1000000;
> -
> - if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC))
> - tsc = rdtsc();
> - tsc = rdtsc();
> + unsigned int value;
>
> if (disable_apic) {
> disable_ioapic_support();
> @@ -1475,45 +1520,8 @@ void setup_local_APIC(void)
> value &= ~APIC_TPRI_MASK;
> apic_write(APIC_TASKPRI, value);
>
> - /*
> - * After a crash, we no longer service the interrupts and a pending
> - * interrupt from previous kernel might still have ISR bit set.
> - *
> - * Most probably by now CPU has serviced that pending interrupt and
> - * it might not have done the ack_APIC_irq() because it thought,
> - * interrupt came from i8259 as ExtInt. LAPIC did not get EOI so it
> - * does not clear the ISR bit and cpu thinks it has already serivced
> - * the interrupt. Hence a vector might get locked. It was noticed
> - * for timer irq (vector 0x31). Issue an extra EOI to clear ISR.
> - */
> - do {
> - queued = 0;
> - for (i = APIC_ISR_NR - 1; i >= 0; i--)
> - queued |= apic_read(APIC_IRR + i*0x10);
> -
> - for (i = APIC_ISR_NR - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
> - value = apic_read(APIC_ISR + i*0x10);
> - for (j = 31; j >= 0; j--) {
> - if (value & (1<<j)) {
> - ack_APIC_irq();
> - acked++;
> - }
> - }
> - }
> - if (acked > 256) {
> - printk(KERN_ERR "LAPIC pending interrupts after %d
> EOI\n",
> - acked);
> - break;
> - }
> - if (queued) {
> - if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TSC) && cpu_khz) {
> - ntsc = rdtsc();
> - max_loops = (cpu_khz << 10) - (ntsc - tsc);
> - } else
> - max_loops--;
> - }
> - } while (queued && max_loops > 0);
> - WARN_ON(max_loops <= 0);
> + if (!cpu)
> + clear_crash_pending_intr();
>
> /*
> * Now that we are all set up, enable the APIC
>
>
> Thanks,
> dou.
>
> > > well any more if pending irq exists in APIC IRR after LAPIC is disabled.
> > > And people even saw casual kdump kernel hang once in ~30 attempts during
> > > stress testing of kdump on KVM machine.
> > >
> > > [ 0.001000] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at arch/x86/kernel/apic/apic.c:1467 setup_local_APIC+0x228/0x330
> > > [ 0.001000] Modules linked in:
> > > [ 0.001000] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.15.0-rc5+ #3
> > > [ 0.001000] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.10.2-1.fc26 04/01/2014
> > > [ 0.001000] RIP: 0010:setup_local_APIC+0x228/0x330
> > > [ 0.001000] RSP: 0000:ffffffffb6e03eb8 EFLAGS: 00010286
> > > [ 0.001000] RAX: 0000009edb4c4d84 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 00000000b099d800
> > > [ 0.001000] RDX: 0000009e00000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000000000810
> > > [ 0.001000] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: ffffffffffffffff R09: 0000000000000001
> > > [ 0.001000] R10: ffff98ce6a801c00 R11: 0761076d072f0776 R12: 0000000000000001
> > > [ 0.001000] R13: 00000000000000f0 R14: 0000000000004000 R15: ffffffffffffc6ff
> > > [ 0.001000] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff98ce6bc00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> > > [ 0.001000] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> > > [ 0.001000] CR2: 00000000ffffffff CR3: 0000000022209000 CR4: 00000000000406b0
> > > [ 0.001000] Call Trace:
> > > [ 0.001000] apic_bsp_setup+0x56/0x74
> > > [ 0.001000] x86_late_time_init+0x11/0x16
> > > [ 0.001000] start_kernel+0x3c9/0x486
> > > [ 0.001000] secondary_startup_64+0xa5/0xb0
> > > [ 0.001000] Code: 00 85 c9 74 2d 0f 31 c1 e1 0a 48 c1 e2 20 41 89 cf 4c 03 7c 24 08 48 09 d0 49 29 c7 4c 89 3c 24 48 83 3c 24 00 0f 8f 8f fe ff
> > > ff <0f> ff e9 10 ff ff ff 48 83 2c 24 01 eb e7 48 83 c4 18 5b 5d 41
> > > [ 0.001000] ---[ end trace b88e71b9a6ebebdd ]---
> > > [ 0.001000] masked ExtINT on CPU#0
> > >
> > > To fix this, just break down disable_IO_APIC(), then call
> > > clear_IO_APIC() to stop IO_APIC where disable_IO_APIC() was called,
> > > and call restore_boot_irq_mode() to restore boot irq mode before
> > > reboot or kexec/kdump jump.
> >
> > Two things here.
> > a) This is missing a fixes tag and a CC stable.
> > b) What makes your change to the KEXEC_JUMP code path safe?
> > Have the lapic and ioapic already been shut down?
> >
> > The KEXEC_JUMP changes to machine_kexec_32.c and machine_kexec_64.c
> > either need to be documented in the change long why they are safe
> > so that this change becomes obviously safe and correct.
> >
> > Otherwise we risk and trivial and obvious looking change causing another
> > regression like changing the order of lapic_shutdown and disable_IOAPIC
> > did.
> >
> > Eric
> >
> >
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
> > > ---
> > > arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h | 1 +
> > > arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c | 2 +-
> > > arch/x86/kernel/crash.c | 3 ++-
> > > arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c | 2 +-
> > > arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 2 +-
> > > arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c | 3 ++-
> > > 6 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h
> > > index 558d1a6a13ad..0fa95bfacb39 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/io_apic.h
> > > @@ -193,6 +193,7 @@ static inline unsigned int io_apic_read(unsigned int apic, unsigned int reg)
> > > extern void setup_IO_APIC(void);
> > > extern void enable_IO_APIC(void);
> > > extern void disable_IO_APIC(void);
> > > +extern void clear_IO_APIC(void);
> > > extern void restore_boot_irq_mode(void);
> > > extern int IO_APIC_get_PCI_irq_vector(int bus, int devfn, int pin);
> > > extern void print_IO_APICs(void);
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c
> > > index 7b73b6b9b4b6..2d7cd2db77f5 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c
> > > @@ -587,7 +587,7 @@ static void clear_IO_APIC_pin(unsigned int apic, unsigned int pin)
> > > mpc_ioapic_id(apic), pin);
> > > }
> > > -static void clear_IO_APIC (void)
> > > +void clear_IO_APIC (void)
> > > {
> > > int apic, pin;
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > index 10e74d4778a1..1f6680427ff0 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/crash.c
> > > @@ -199,9 +199,10 @@ void native_machine_crash_shutdown(struct pt_regs *regs)
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC
> > > /* Prevent crash_kexec() from deadlocking on ioapic_lock. */
> > > ioapic_zap_locks();
> > > - disable_IO_APIC();
> > > + clear_IO_APIC();
> > > #endif
> > > lapic_shutdown();
> > > + restore_boot_irq_mode();
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
> > > hpet_disable();
> > > #endif
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c
> > > index edfede768688..f78bb4432bfb 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_32.c
> > > @@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
> > > * one form or other. kexec jump path also need
> > > * one.
> > > */
> > > - disable_IO_APIC();
> > > + restore_boot_irq_mode();
> > > #endif
> > > }
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> > > index 1f790cf9d38f..cb0c2d0a4c99 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
> > > @@ -297,7 +297,7 @@ void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image)
> > > * one form or other. kexec jump path also need
> > > * one.
> > > */
> > > - disable_IO_APIC();
> > > + restore_boot_irq_mode();
> > > #endif
> > > }
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
> > > index 2126b9d27c34..725624b6c0c0 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/reboot.c
> > > @@ -666,7 +666,7 @@ void native_machine_shutdown(void)
> > > * Even without the erratum, it still makes sense to quiet IO APIC
> > > * before disabling Local APIC.
> > > */
> > > - disable_IO_APIC();
> > > + clear_IO_APIC();
> > > #endif
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > > @@ -680,6 +680,7 @@ void native_machine_shutdown(void)
> > > #endif
> > > lapic_shutdown();
> > > + restore_boot_irq_mode();
> > > #ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
> > > hpet_disable();
> >
> >
> >
>
>

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