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Subject[PATCH] x86/Kconfig: Further simplify the NR_CPUS config

* Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> wrote:

> From: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
>
> Clean up and simplify the X86 NR_CPUS Kconfig symbol/option by
> introducing RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS, RANGE_END_CPUS, and DEF_CONFIG_CPUS.
> Then combine some default values when their conditionals can be
> reduced.
>
> Also move the X86_BIGSMP kconfig option inside an "if X86_32"/"endif"
> config block and drop its explicit "depends on X86_32".
>
> Combine the max. 8192 cases of RANGE_END_CPUS (X86_64 only).
> Split RANGE_END_CPUS and DEF_CONFIG_CPUS into separate cases for
> X86_32 and X86_64.
>
> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>
> Link: lkml.kernel.org/r/CA+55aFzOd3j6ZUSkEwTdk85qtt1JywOtm3ZAb-qAvt8_hJ6D4A@mail.gmail.com
> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
> Cc: x86@kernel.org
> ---
> arch/x86/Kconfig | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Looks mostly good to me in principle - there's a few style nits:

>
> v2: more simplification as suggested by Linus; also separate the
> X86_32 and X86_64 configs.
>
> --- linux-next-20180209.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig
> +++ linux-next-20180209/arch/x86/Kconfig
> @@ -423,12 +423,6 @@ config X86_MPPARSE
> For old smp systems that do not have proper acpi support. Newer systems
> (esp with 64bit cpus) with acpi support, MADT and DSDT will override it
>
> -config X86_BIGSMP
> - bool "Support for big SMP systems with more than 8 CPUs"
> - depends on X86_32 && SMP
> - ---help---
> - This option is needed for the systems that have more than 8 CPUs
> -
> config GOLDFISH
> def_bool y
> depends on X86_GOLDFISH
> @@ -460,6 +454,12 @@ config INTEL_RDT
> Say N if unsure.
>
> if X86_32
> +config X86_BIGSMP
> + bool "Support for big SMP systems with more than 8 CPUs"
> + depends on SMP
> + ---help---
> + This option is needed for the systems that have more than 8 CPUs
> +
> config X86_EXTENDED_PLATFORM
> bool "Support for extended (non-PC) x86 platforms"
> default y
> @@ -949,17 +949,44 @@ config MAXSMP
> Enable maximum number of CPUS and NUMA Nodes for this architecture.
> If unsure, say N.
>
> +config RANGE_END_CPUS
> + int
> + depends on X86_32
> + default 8 if SMP && !X86_BIGSMP
> + default 64 if SMP && X86_BIGSMP
> + default 1 if !SMP
> +
> +config RANGE_END_CPUS
> + int
> + depends on X86_64
> + default 512 if SMP && !MAXSMP && !CPUMASK_OFFSTACK
> + default 8192 if SMP && (MAXSMP || CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
> + default 1 if !SMP
> +
> +config RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS
> + int
> + default 1 if !SMP
> + default RANGE_END_CPUS if MAXSMP
> + default 2

I'd suggest a more natural naming order, which also lines up with how we name the
main parameter in the end (CONFIG_NR_CPUS):

NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN
NR_CPUS_RANGE_END

> +config DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
> + int
> + depends on X86_32
> + default 1 if !SMP
> + default 32 if X86_BIGSMP
> + default 8 if SMP
> +
> +config DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
> + int
> + depends on X86_64
> + default 1 if !SMP
> + default 8192 if MAXSMP
> + default 64 if SMP

This too needs to match the target namespace, i.e.:

NR_CPUS_DEFAULT

I.e. instead of the random, idiosynchratic naming this patch introduces:

CONFIG_RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS
CONFIG_RANGE_END_CPUS
CONFIG_DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
CONFIG_NR_CPUS

We'll get:

CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT
CONFIG_NR_CPUS

See how much more structured and organized it all is, both in the source and in
the resulting .config file? Also, a side effect is that a simple NR_CPUS grep:

triton:~/tip> grep NR_CPUS .config
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=2
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=512
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=64
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=64

grep NR_CPUS .config

... will tell the full story about how the NR_CPUS Kconfig setup on a particular
system looks like.

There's no such grep command for the patch you sent, because for example the
pattern 'CPUS' is too generic as it matches 'CPUSET' and 'PTLOCK_CPUS' as well.

Furthermore, these blocks should be vertically aligned:

> + default 1 if !SMP
> + default 8192 if MAXSMP
> + default 64 if SMP

To:

default 1 if !SMP
default 8192 if MAXSMP
default 64 if SMP

Also note that the moment we have aligned this block vertically, it becomes clear
at a glance that the internal ordering of the lines should be numeric (in
decreasing order, to arrive at the highest possible value):

default 8192 if MAXSMP
default 64 if SMP
default 1 if !SMP

We should do the same for all the other entries as well.

A third general problem is the somewhat random ordering of the Kconfig blocks
themselves:

+config NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
+config NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN
+config NR_CPUS_DEFAULT

The more natural ordering is _RANGE_BEGIN, _RANGE_END, _DEFAULT. (The Kconfig
language allows forward references, so the fact that _BEGIN in a narrow case
depends on _END isn't a problem.)

... below is the a patch on top of yours that fixes all this and a few other
details - see the changelog.

Thanks,

Ingo

=========================>
Subject: x86/Kconfig: Further simplify the NR_CPUS config
From: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Date: Sat Feb 10 11:51:57 CET 2018

Clean up various aspects of the x86 CONFIG_NR_CPUS configuration switches:

- Rename the three CONFIG_NR_CPUS related variables to create a common
namespace for them:

RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS => NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN
RANGE_END_CPUS => NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
DEF_CONFIG_CPUS => NR_CPUS_DEFAULT

- Align them vertically, such as:

config NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
int
depends on X86_64
default 8192 if SMP && ( MAXSMP || CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
default 512 if SMP && (!MAXSMP && !CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
default 1 if !SMP

- Update help text, add more comments.

Test results:

# i386 allnoconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=1

# i386 defconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=2
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=8
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=8
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=8

# i386 allyesconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=2
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=64
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=32
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=32

# x86_64 allnoconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=1
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=1

# x86_64 defconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=2
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=512
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=64
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=64

# x86_64 allyesconfig:
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN=8192
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_RANGE_END=8192
CONFIG_NR_CPUS_DEFAULT=8192
CONFIG_NR_CPUS=8192

Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

Index: tip/arch/x86/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- tip.orig/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ tip/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -949,52 +949,66 @@ config MAXSMP
Enable maximum number of CPUS and NUMA Nodes for this architecture.
If unsure, say N.

-config RANGE_END_CPUS
+#
+# The maximum number of CPUs supported:
+#
+# The main config value is NR_CPUS, which defaults to NR_CPUS_DEFAULT,
+# and which can be configured interactively in the
+# [NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN ... NR_CPUS_RANGE_END] range.
+#
+# The ranges are different on 32-bit and 64-bit kernels, depending on
+# hardware capabilities and scalability features of the kernel.
+#
+# ( If MAXSMP is enabled we just use the highest possible value and disable
+# interactive configuration. )
+#
+
+config NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN
int
- depends on X86_32
- default 8 if SMP && !X86_BIGSMP
- default 64 if SMP && X86_BIGSMP
- default 1 if !SMP
+ default NR_CPUS_RANGE_END if MAXSMP
+ default 1 if !SMP
+ default 2

-config RANGE_END_CPUS
+config NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
int
- depends on X86_64
- default 512 if SMP && !MAXSMP && !CPUMASK_OFFSTACK
- default 8192 if SMP && (MAXSMP || CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
- default 1 if !SMP
+ depends on X86_32
+ default 64 if SMP && X86_BIGSMP
+ default 8 if SMP && !X86_BIGSMP
+ default 1 if !SMP

-config RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS
+config NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
int
- default 1 if !SMP
- default RANGE_END_CPUS if MAXSMP
- default 2
+ depends on X86_64
+ default 8192 if SMP && ( MAXSMP || CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
+ default 512 if SMP && (!MAXSMP && !CPUMASK_OFFSTACK)
+ default 1 if !SMP

-config DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
+config NR_CPUS_DEFAULT
int
depends on X86_32
- default 1 if !SMP
- default 32 if X86_BIGSMP
- default 8 if SMP
+ default 32 if X86_BIGSMP
+ default 8 if SMP
+ default 1 if !SMP

-config DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
+config NR_CPUS_DEFAULT
int
depends on X86_64
- default 1 if !SMP
- default 8192 if MAXSMP
- default 64 if SMP
+ default 8192 if MAXSMP
+ default 64 if SMP
+ default 1 if !SMP

config NR_CPUS
int "Maximum number of CPUs" if SMP && !MAXSMP
- range RANGE_BEGIN_CPUS RANGE_END_CPUS
- default DEF_CONFIG_CPUS
+ range NR_CPUS_RANGE_BEGIN NR_CPUS_RANGE_END
+ default NR_CPUS_DEFAULT
---help---
This allows you to specify the maximum number of CPUs which this
kernel will support. If CPUMASK_OFFSTACK is enabled, the maximum
supported value is 8192, otherwise the maximum value is 512. The
minimum value which makes sense is 2.

- This is purely to save memory - each supported CPU adds
- approximately eight kilobytes to the kernel image.
+ This is purely to save memory: each supported CPU adds about 8KB
+ to the kernel image.

config SCHED_SMT
bool "SMT (Hyperthreading) scheduler support"
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