lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Feb]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: [PATCH] arm64: acpi,efi: fix alignment fault in accessing ACPI tables at kdump
On 1 February 2018 at 09:04, AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> wrote:
> This is a fix against the issue that crash dump kernel may hang up
> during booting, which can happen on any ACPI-based system with "ACPI
> Reclaim Memory."
>
> (kernel messages after panic kicked off kdump)
> (snip...)
> Bye!
> (snip...)
> ACPI: Core revision 20170728
> pud=000000002e7d0003, *pmd=000000002e7c0003, *pte=00e8000039710707
> Internal error: Oops: 96000021 [#1] SMP
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.14.0-rc6 #1
> task: ffff000008d05180 task.stack: ffff000008cc0000
> PC is at acpi_ns_lookup+0x25c/0x3c0
> LR is at acpi_ds_load1_begin_op+0xa4/0x294
> (snip...)
> Process swapper/0 (pid: 0, stack limit = 0xffff000008cc0000)
> Call trace:
> (snip...)
> [<ffff0000084a6764>] acpi_ns_lookup+0x25c/0x3c0
> [<ffff00000849b4f8>] acpi_ds_load1_begin_op+0xa4/0x294
> [<ffff0000084ad4ac>] acpi_ps_build_named_op+0xc4/0x198
> [<ffff0000084ad6cc>] acpi_ps_create_op+0x14c/0x270
> [<ffff0000084acfa8>] acpi_ps_parse_loop+0x188/0x5c8
> [<ffff0000084ae048>] acpi_ps_parse_aml+0xb0/0x2b8
> [<ffff0000084a8e10>] acpi_ns_one_complete_parse+0x144/0x184
> [<ffff0000084a8e98>] acpi_ns_parse_table+0x48/0x68
> [<ffff0000084a82cc>] acpi_ns_load_table+0x4c/0xdc
> [<ffff0000084b32f8>] acpi_tb_load_namespace+0xe4/0x264
> [<ffff000008baf9b4>] acpi_load_tables+0x48/0xc0
> [<ffff000008badc20>] acpi_early_init+0x9c/0xd0
> [<ffff000008b70d50>] start_kernel+0x3b4/0x43c
> Code: b9008fb9 2a000318 36380054 32190318 (b94002c0)
> ---[ end trace c46ed37f9651c58e ]---
> Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception
> Rebooting in 10 seconds..
>
> (diagnosis)
> * This fault is a data abort, alignment fault (ESR=0x96000021)
> during reading out ACPI table.
> * Initial ACPI tables are normally stored in system ram and marked as
> "ACPI Reclaim memory" by the firmware.
> * After the commit f56ab9a5b73c ("efi/arm: Don't mark ACPI reclaim
> memory as MEMBLOCK_NOMAP"), those regions are differently handled
> as they are "memblock-reserved", without NOMAP bit.
> * So they are now excluded from device tree's "usable-memory-range"
> which kexec-tools determines based on a current view of /proc/iomem.

So this patch does fix the fallout of how this issue affects ACPI boot
in particular, but is it correct in the first place for the kexec
tools to disregard memory that has been memblock_reserved()? For
instance, the UEFI memory map is memblock_reserve()d as well, along
with other parts of memory that have been populated by the firmware.

> * When crash dump kernel boots up, it tries to accesses ACPI tables by
> mapping them with ioremap(), not ioremap_cache(), in acpi_os_ioremap()
> since they are no longer part of mapped system ram.
> * Given that ACPI accessor/helper functions are compiled in without
> unaligned access support (ACPI_MISALIGNMENT_NOT_SUPPORTED),
> any unaligned access to ACPI tables can cause a fatal panic.
>
> With this patch, acpi_os_ioremap() always honors a memory attribute
> provided by the firmware (efi). Hence retaining cacheability in said cases
> allows the kernel safe access to ACPI tables.
>
> Please note that arm_enable_runtime_services(), which is renamed to
> efi_enter_virtual_mode() due to the similarity to x86's, is now called
> earlier before acpi_early_init() since efi_mem_attributes() relies on
> efi.memmap being mapped.
>
> Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org>
> Suggested-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
> Suggested-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>
> Reported-by and Tested-by: Bhupesh Sharma <bhsharma@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h | 23 ++++++++++++++++-------
> arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c | 11 +++--------

Split into two patches --here-- please

> drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c | 15 ++++++---------
> init/main.c | 3 +++
> 4 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h
> index 32f465a80e4e..d53c95f4e1a9 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/acpi.h
> @@ -12,10 +12,12 @@
> #ifndef _ASM_ACPI_H
> #define _ASM_ACPI_H
>
> +#include <linux/efi.h>
> #include <linux/memblock.h>
> #include <linux/psci.h>
>
> #include <asm/cputype.h>
> +#include <asm/io.h>
> #include <asm/smp_plat.h>
> #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
>
> @@ -29,18 +31,22 @@
>
> /* Basic configuration for ACPI */
> #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
> +pgprot_t __acpi_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr);
> +
> /* ACPI table mapping after acpi_permanent_mmap is set */
> static inline void __iomem *acpi_os_ioremap(acpi_physical_address phys,
> acpi_size size)
> {
> + /* For normal memory we already have a cacheable mapping. */
> + if (memblock_is_map_memory(phys))
> + return (void __iomem *)__phys_to_virt(phys);
> +
> /*
> - * EFI's reserve_regions() call adds memory with the WB attribute
> - * to memblock via early_init_dt_add_memory_arch().
> + * We should still honor the memory's attribute here because
> + * crash dump kernel possibly excludes some ACPI (reclaim)
> + * regions from memblock list.
> */
> - if (!memblock_is_memory(phys))
> - return ioremap(phys, size);
> -
> - return ioremap_cache(phys, size);
> + return __ioremap(phys, size, __acpi_get_mem_attribute(phys));
> }
> #define acpi_os_ioremap acpi_os_ioremap
>
> @@ -125,7 +131,10 @@ static inline const char *acpi_get_enable_method(int cpu)
> * for compatibility.
> */
> #define acpi_disable_cmcff 1
> -pgprot_t arch_apei_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr);
> +static inline pgprot_t arch_apei_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr)
> +{
> + return __acpi_get_mem_attribute(addr);
> +}
> #endif /* CONFIG_ACPI_APEI */
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c
> index b3162715ed78..35702c5e58d2 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/acpi.c
> @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
> #include <linux/acpi.h>
> #include <linux/bootmem.h>
> #include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +# include <linux/efi.h>
> #include <linux/efi-bgrt.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> #include <linux/irq.h>
> @@ -29,12 +30,8 @@
>
> #include <asm/cputype.h>
> #include <asm/cpu_ops.h>
> -#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
> -
> -#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_APEI
> -# include <linux/efi.h>
> # include <asm/pgtable.h>
> -#endif
> +#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
>
> int acpi_noirq = 1; /* skip ACPI IRQ initialization */
> int acpi_disabled = 1;
> @@ -239,8 +236,7 @@ void __init acpi_boot_table_init(void)
> }
> }
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_APEI
> -pgprot_t arch_apei_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr)
> +pgprot_t __acpi_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr)
> {
> /*
> * According to "Table 8 Map: EFI memory types to AArch64 memory
> @@ -261,4 +257,3 @@ pgprot_t arch_apei_get_mem_attribute(phys_addr_t addr)
> return __pgprot(PROT_NORMAL_NC);
> return __pgprot(PROT_DEVICE_nGnRnE);
> }
> -#endif
> diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c b/drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c
> index 1cc41c3d6315..16dd8a2d0237 100644
> --- a/drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c
> +++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/arm-runtime.c
> @@ -115,23 +115,23 @@ static bool __init efi_virtmap_init(void)
> * non-early mapping of the UEFI system table and virtual mappings for all
> * EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME regions.
> */
> -static int __init arm_enable_runtime_services(void)
> +void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
> {
> u64 mapsize;
>
> if (!efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT)) {
> pr_info("EFI services will not be available.\n");
> - return 0;
> + return;
> }
>
> if (efi_runtime_disabled()) {
> pr_info("EFI runtime services will be disabled.\n");
> - return 0;
> + return;
> }
>
> if (efi_enabled(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES)) {
> pr_info("EFI runtime services access via paravirt.\n");
> - return 0;
> + return;
> }
>
> pr_info("Remapping and enabling EFI services.\n");
> @@ -140,21 +140,18 @@ static int __init arm_enable_runtime_services(void)
>
> if (efi_memmap_init_late(efi.memmap.phys_map, mapsize)) {
> pr_err("Failed to remap EFI memory map\n");
> - return -ENOMEM;
> + return;
> }
>
> if (!efi_virtmap_init()) {
> pr_err("UEFI virtual mapping missing or invalid -- runtime services will not be available\n");
> - return -ENOMEM;
> + return;
> }
>
> /* Set up runtime services function pointers */
> efi_native_runtime_setup();
> set_bit(EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES, &efi.flags);
> -
> - return 0;
> }
> -early_initcall(arm_enable_runtime_services);
>
> void efi_virtmap_load(void)
> {
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index a8100b954839..2d0927768e2d 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -674,6 +674,9 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
> debug_objects_mem_init();
> setup_per_cpu_pageset();
> numa_policy_init();
> + if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI) &&
> + (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64) || IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM)))
> + efi_enter_virtual_mode();
> acpi_early_init();
> if (late_time_init)
> late_time_init();
> --
> 2.15.1
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-02-01 18:35    [W:0.085 / U:0.940 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site