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Subject[PATCH v1] binder: implement binderfs
Date
As discussed at Linux Plumbers Conference 2018 in Vancouver [1] this is the
implementation of binderfs.

binderfs is a backwards-compatible filesystem for Android's binder ipc
mechanism. Each ipc namespace will mount a new binderfs instance. Mounting
binderfs multiple times at different locations in the same ipc namespace
will not cause a new super block to be allocated and hence it will be the
same filesystem instance.
Each new binderfs mount will have its own set of binder devices only
visible in the ipc namespace it has been mounted in. All devices in a new
binderfs mount will follow the scheme binder%d and numbering will always
start at 0.

/* Backwards compatibility */
Devices requested in the Kconfig via CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_DEVICES for the
initial ipc namespace will work as before. They will be registered via
misc_register() and appear in the devtmpfs mount. Specifically, the
standard devices binder, hwbinder, and vndbinder will all appear in their
standard locations in /dev. Mounting or unmounting the binderfs mount in
the initial ipc namespace will have no effect on these devices, i.e. they
will neither show up in the binderfs mount nor will they disappear when the
binderfs mount is gone.

/* binder-control */
Each new binderfs instance comes with a binder-control device. No other
devices will be present at first. The binder-control device can be used to
dynamically allocate binder devices. All requests operate on the binderfs
mount the binder-control device resides in:
- BINDER_CTL_ADD
Allocate a new binder device.
Assuming a new instance of binderfs has been mounted at /dev/binderfs via
mount -t binderfs binderfs /dev/binderfs. Then a request to create a new
binder device can be made via:

struct binderfs_device device = {0};
snprintf(device.name, BINDERFS_MAX_NAME, "%s", "my-device");
int fd = open("/dev/binderfs/binder-control", O_RDWR);
ioctl(fd, BINDER_CTL_ADD, &device);

binderfs will then allocate a new minor number and create the device
"my-device".
The struct binderfs_device will then be used to return the major and minor
number, for the device.
Binderfs devices can simply be removed via unlink().

/* Implementation details */
- When binderfs is registered as a new filesystem it will dynamically
allocate a new major number. The allocated major number will be returned
in struct binderfs_device when a new binder device is allocated.
Minor numbers that have been given out are tracked in a global idr struct
that is capped at BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR. The minor number tracker is
protected by a global mutex. This is the only point of contention between
binderfs mounts.
- Each binderfs super block has its own struct binderfs_info that tracks
specific details about a binderfs instance: the ipc namespace, the dentry
of the binder-control device, the root uid and gid of the user namespace
the binderfs instance was mounted in.
- binderfs can be mounted by user namespace root in a non-initial user
namespace. The devices will be owned by user namespace root.
- New binder devices associated with a binderfs mount do not use the
full misc_register() infrastructure. The misc_register() infrastructure
can only create new devices in the host's devtmpfs mount. binderfs does
however only make devices appear under its own mountpoint and thus
allocates new character devices nodes from the inode of the root dentry
of the super block. This will have the side-effect that binderfs specific
device nodes do not appear in sysfs. This behavior is similar to devpts
allocated pts devices and has no effect on the functionality of the ipc
mechanism itself.

/* Create a new binder device in a binderfs mount */
sudo mkdir /dev/binderfs
sudo mount -t binder binder /dev/binderfs

#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <linux/android/binder_ctl.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int fd, ret, saved_errno;
struct binderfs_device device = { 0 };

if (argc < 2)
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

strncpy(device.name, argv[1], sizeof(device.name));

fd = open("/dev/binderfs/binder-control", O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
if (fd < 0) {
printf("%s - Failed to open binder-control device\n",
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

ret = ioctl(fd, BINDER_CTL_ADD, &device);
saved_errno = errno;
close(fd);
errno = saved_errno;
if (ret < 0) {
printf("%s - Failed to allocate new binder device\n",
strerror(errno));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

printf("Allocated new binder device with major %d, minor %d, and "
"name %s\n", device.major, device.minor,
device.name);

exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

/* Demo */
A demo of how binderfs works can be found under [2].

[1]: https://goo.gl/JL2tfX

Cc: Martijn Coenen <maco@android.com>
Cc: Todd Kjos <tkjos@google.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
---
v1:
- simplify init_binderfs()
Move the creation of binder-control into binderfs_fill_super() so that we can
cleanly and without any complex error handling deallocate the super block on
failure.
- switch from __u32 to __u8 in struct binderfs_device
__u8 is the correct value to cross the kernel <-> userspace boundary.
- introduce BINDERFS_MAX_NAME
This determines the maximum length of a binderfs binder device name.
- add name member struct binderfs_device
This lets userspace specify a name for the binder device. The maximum length
is determined by BINDERFS_MAX_NAME.
- handle naming collisions
Since userspace now gives us a name to use for the device we need to handle
the case where userspace passes the same device name twice. This is done by
using d_lookup() (takes rename lock too). If a matching dentry under the root
dentry of the superblock is found we test whether it is still active and if
so return -EEXIST.
- remove per-super block idr tracking and locking
Since userspace now determines the name remove the idr tracking since it's
not needed anymore.
- remove ctl_mutex from struct binders_info
It was only needed to protect the per-super block idr which has been removed.
If I'm not mistaken we currently do not need to lock the ioctl() itself since
removing is handled by a simple unlink(). So remove the mutex.
- ensure that binderfs_evict_inode() doesn't cause double-frees on iput()
When setting up the inode fails at a step where a new inode already has been
allocated we need to set inode->i_private to NULL to ensure that
binderfs_evict_inode() doesn't try to free up stuff that we already freed
while handling the error.
---
drivers/android/Kconfig | 12 +
drivers/android/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/android/binder.c | 25 +-
drivers/android/binder_internal.h | 49 ++
drivers/android/binderfs.c | 565 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h | 35 ++
include/uapi/linux/magic.h | 1 +
7 files changed, 671 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/android/binder_internal.h
create mode 100644 drivers/android/binderfs.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h

diff --git a/drivers/android/Kconfig b/drivers/android/Kconfig
index 51e8250d113f..4c190f8d1f4c 100644
--- a/drivers/android/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/android/Kconfig
@@ -20,6 +20,18 @@ config ANDROID_BINDER_IPC
Android process, using Binder to identify, invoke and pass arguments
between said processes.

+config ANDROID_BINDERFS
+ bool "Android Binderfs filesystem"
+ depends on ANDROID_BINDER_IPC
+ default n
+ ---help---
+ Binderfs is a pseudo-filesystem for the Android Binder IPC driver
+ which can be mounted per-ipc namespace allowing to run multiple
+ instances of Android.
+ Each binderfs mount initially only contains a binder-control device.
+ It can be used to dynamically allocate new binder IPC devices via
+ ioctls.
+
config ANDROID_BINDER_DEVICES
string "Android Binder devices"
depends on ANDROID_BINDER_IPC
diff --git a/drivers/android/Makefile b/drivers/android/Makefile
index a01254c43ee3..c7856e3200da 100644
--- a/drivers/android/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/android/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
ccflags-y += -I$(src) # needed for trace events

+obj-$(CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDERFS) += binderfs.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC) += binder.o binder_alloc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_IPC_SELFTEST) += binder_alloc_selftest.o
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder.c b/drivers/android/binder.c
index cb30a524d16d..3ed8bc4b7451 100644
--- a/drivers/android/binder.c
+++ b/drivers/android/binder.c
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>

#include "binder_alloc.h"
+#include "binder_internal.h"
#include "binder_trace.h"

static HLIST_HEAD(binder_deferred_list);
@@ -262,20 +263,6 @@ static struct binder_transaction_log_entry *binder_transaction_log_add(
return e;
}

-struct binder_context {
- struct binder_node *binder_context_mgr_node;
- struct mutex context_mgr_node_lock;
-
- kuid_t binder_context_mgr_uid;
- const char *name;
-};
-
-struct binder_device {
- struct hlist_node hlist;
- struct miscdevice miscdev;
- struct binder_context context;
-};
-
/**
* struct binder_work - work enqueued on a worklist
* @entry: node enqueued on list
@@ -4935,8 +4922,12 @@ static int binder_open(struct inode *nodp, struct file *filp)
proc->tsk = current->group_leader;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&proc->todo);
proc->default_priority = task_nice(current);
- binder_dev = container_of(filp->private_data, struct binder_device,
- miscdev);
+ /* binderfs stashes devices in i_private */
+ if (is_binderfs_device(nodp))
+ binder_dev = nodp->i_private;
+ else
+ binder_dev = container_of(filp->private_data,
+ struct binder_device, miscdev);
proc->context = &binder_dev->context;
binder_alloc_init(&proc->alloc);

@@ -5724,7 +5715,7 @@ static int binder_transaction_log_show(struct seq_file *m, void *unused)
return 0;
}

-static const struct file_operations binder_fops = {
+const struct file_operations binder_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.poll = binder_poll,
.unlocked_ioctl = binder_ioctl,
diff --git a/drivers/android/binder_internal.h b/drivers/android/binder_internal.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7fb97f503ef2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/android/binder_internal.h
@@ -0,0 +1,49 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_BINDER_INTERNAL_H
+#define _LINUX_BINDER_INTERNAL_H
+
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/uidgid.h>
+
+struct binder_context {
+ struct binder_node *binder_context_mgr_node;
+ struct mutex context_mgr_node_lock;
+ kuid_t binder_context_mgr_uid;
+ const char *name;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct binder_device - information about a binder device node
+ * @hlist: list of binder devices (only used for devices requested via
+ * CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDER_DEVICES)
+ * @miscdev: information about a binder character device node
+ * @context: binder context information
+ * @binderfs_inode: This is the inode of the root dentry of the super block
+ * belonging to a binderfs mount.
+ */
+struct binder_device {
+ struct hlist_node hlist;
+ struct miscdevice miscdev;
+ struct binder_context context;
+ struct inode *binderfs_inode;
+};
+
+extern const struct file_operations binder_fops;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ANDROID_BINDERFS
+extern bool is_binderfs_device(const struct inode *inode);
+#else
+static inline bool is_binderfs_device(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_BINDER_INTERNAL_H */
diff --git a/drivers/android/binderfs.c b/drivers/android/binderfs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ac435210eb53
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/android/binderfs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,565 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+#include <linux/compiler_types.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/ipc_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/major.h>
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/parser.h>
+#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock_types.h>
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>
+#include <uapi/asm-generic/errno-base.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/android/binder.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h>
+
+#include "binder_internal.h"
+
+#define FIRST_INODE 1
+#define SECOND_INODE 2
+#define INODE_OFFSET 3
+#define INTSTRLEN 21
+#define BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR (1U << MINORBITS)
+
+static struct vfsmount *binderfs_mnt;
+
+static dev_t binderfs_dev;
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(binderfs_minors_mutex);
+static DEFINE_IDA(binderfs_minors);
+
+/**
+ * binderfs_info - information about a binderfs mount
+ * @ipc_ns: The ipc namespace the binderfs mount belongs to.
+ * @control_dentry: This records the dentry of this binderfs mount
+ * binder-control device.
+ * @root_uid: uid that needs to be used when a new binder device is
+ * created.
+ * @root_gid: gid that needs to be used when a new binder device is
+ * created.
+ */
+struct binderfs_info {
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
+ struct dentry *control_dentry;
+ kuid_t root_uid;
+ kgid_t root_gid;
+
+};
+
+static inline struct binderfs_info *BINDERFS_I(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ return inode->i_sb->s_fs_info;
+}
+
+bool is_binderfs_device(const struct inode *inode)
+{
+ if (inode->i_sb->s_magic == BINDERFS_SUPER_MAGIC)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * binderfs_new_inode - allocate inode from super block of a binderfs mount
+ * @ref_inode: inode from wich the super block will be taken
+ * @userp: buffer to copy information about new device for userspace to
+ * @device: binder device for which the new inode will be allocated
+ * @req: struct binderfs_device as copied from userspace
+ *
+ * This function will allocate a new inode from the super block of the
+ * filesystem mount and attach a dentry to that inode.
+ * Minor numbers are limited and tracked globally in binderfs_minors.
+ * The function will stash a struct binder_device for the specific binder
+ * device in i_private of the inode.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure
+ */
+static int binderfs_new_inode(struct inode *ref_inode,
+ struct binder_device *device,
+ struct binderfs_device __user *userp,
+ struct binderfs_device *req)
+{
+ int minor, ret;
+ struct dentry *dentry, *dup, *root;
+ size_t name_len = BINDERFS_MAX_NAME + 1;
+ char *name = NULL;
+ struct inode *inode = NULL;
+ struct super_block *sb = ref_inode->i_sb;
+ struct binderfs_info *info = sb->s_fs_info;
+
+ /* Reserve new minor number for the new device. */
+ mutex_lock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ minor = ida_alloc_max(&binderfs_minors, BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR, GFP_KERNEL);
+ mutex_unlock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ if (minor < 0)
+ return minor;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ inode = new_inode(sb);
+ if (!inode)
+ goto err;
+
+ inode->i_ino = minor + INODE_OFFSET;
+ inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
+ init_special_inode(inode, S_IFCHR | 0600,
+ MKDEV(MAJOR(binderfs_dev), minor));
+ inode->i_fop = &binder_fops;
+ inode->i_uid = info->root_uid;
+ inode->i_gid = info->root_gid;
+ inode->i_private = device;
+
+ name = kmalloc(name_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!name)
+ goto err;
+
+ ret = snprintf(name, name_len, "%s", req->name);
+ if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= name_len) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ device->binderfs_inode = inode;
+ device->context.binder_context_mgr_uid = INVALID_UID;
+ device->context.name = name;
+ device->miscdev.name = name;
+ device->miscdev.minor = minor;
+ mutex_init(&device->context.context_mgr_node_lock);
+
+ req->major = MAJOR(binderfs_dev);
+ req->minor = minor;
+
+ ret = copy_to_user(userp, req, sizeof(*req));
+ if (ret)
+ goto err;
+
+ root = sb->s_root;
+ inode_lock(d_inode(root));
+ dentry = d_alloc_name(root, name);
+ if (!dentry) {
+ inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ /* Verify that the name userspace gave us is not already in use. */
+ dup = d_lookup(root, &dentry->d_name);
+ if (dup) {
+ if (d_really_is_positive(dup)) {
+ dput(dup);
+ dput(dentry);
+ inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
+ /*
+ * Prevent double free since iput() calls
+ * binderfs_evict_inode().
+ */
+ inode->i_private = NULL;
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ dput(dup);
+ }
+
+ d_add(dentry, inode);
+ fsnotify_create(root->d_inode, dentry);
+ inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ kfree(name);
+ mutex_lock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ ida_free(&binderfs_minors, minor);
+ mutex_unlock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ iput(inode);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int binderfs_binder_device_create(struct inode *inode,
+ struct binderfs_device __user *userp,
+ struct binderfs_device *req)
+{
+ struct binder_device *device;
+ int ret;
+
+ device = kzalloc(sizeof(*device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!device)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = binderfs_new_inode(inode, device, userp, req);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ kfree(device);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * binderfs_ctl_ioctl - handle binder device node allocation requests
+ *
+ * The request handler for the binder-control device. All requests operate on
+ * the binderfs mount the binder-control device resides in:
+ * - BINDER_CTL_ADD
+ * Allocate a new binder device.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure
+ */
+static long binder_ctl_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct binderfs_info *info;
+ int ret = -EINVAL;
+ struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
+ struct binderfs_device *device = (struct binderfs_device __user *)arg;
+ struct binderfs_device device_req;
+
+ info = BINDERFS_I(inode);
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case BINDER_CTL_ADD:
+ ret = copy_from_user(&device_req, device, sizeof(device_req));
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ ret = binderfs_binder_device_create(inode, device, &device_req);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void binderfs_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct binder_device *device = inode->i_private;
+
+ clear_inode(inode);
+
+ if (!device)
+ return;
+
+ mutex_lock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ ida_free(&binderfs_minors, device->miscdev.minor);
+ mutex_unlock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+
+ kfree(device->context.name);
+ kfree(device);
+}
+
+static const struct super_operations binderfs_super_ops = {
+ .statfs = simple_statfs,
+ .evict_inode = binderfs_evict_inode,
+};
+
+static int binderfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
+ struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry,
+ unsigned int flags)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = d_inode(old_dentry);
+
+ /* binderfs doesn't support directories. */
+ if (d_is_dir(old_dentry))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ if (flags & ~RENAME_NOREPLACE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!simple_empty(new_dentry))
+ return -ENOTEMPTY;
+
+ if (d_really_is_positive(new_dentry))
+ simple_unlink(new_dir, new_dentry);
+
+ old_dir->i_ctime = old_dir->i_mtime = new_dir->i_ctime =
+ new_dir->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(old_dir);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int binderfs_unlink(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ /*
+ * The control dentry is only ever touched during mount so checking it
+ * here should not require us to take lock.
+ */
+ if (BINDERFS_I(dir)->control_dentry == dentry)
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ return simple_unlink(dir, dentry);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations binder_ctl_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = nonseekable_open,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = binder_ctl_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = binder_ctl_ioctl,
+ .llseek = noop_llseek,
+};
+
+/**
+ * binderfs_binder_ctl_create - create a new binder-control device
+ * @sb: super block of the binderfs mount
+ *
+ * This function creates a new binder-control device node in the binderfs mount
+ * referred to by @sb.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 on success, negative errno on failure
+ */
+static int binderfs_binder_ctl_create(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ int minor;
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+ struct binder_device *device;
+ int ret = 0;
+ struct inode *inode = NULL;
+ struct dentry *root = sb->s_root;
+ struct binderfs_info *info = sb->s_fs_info;
+
+ device = kzalloc(sizeof(*device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!device)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ inode_lock(d_inode(root));
+
+ if (info->control_dentry)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ inode = new_inode(sb);
+ if (!inode)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Reserve a new minor number for the new device. */
+ mutex_lock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ minor = ida_alloc_max(&binderfs_minors, BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR, GFP_KERNEL);
+ mutex_unlock(&binderfs_minors_mutex);
+ if (minor < 0) {
+ ret = minor;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ inode->i_ino = SECOND_INODE;
+ inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
+ init_special_inode(inode, S_IFCHR | 0600,
+ MKDEV(MAJOR(binderfs_dev), minor));
+ inode->i_fop = &binder_ctl_fops;
+ inode->i_uid = info->root_uid;
+ inode->i_gid = info->root_gid;
+ inode->i_private = device;
+
+ device->binderfs_inode = inode;
+ device->miscdev.minor = minor;
+
+ dentry = d_alloc_name(root, "binder-control");
+ if (!dentry)
+ goto out;
+
+ info->control_dentry = dentry;
+ d_add(dentry, inode);
+ inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
+
+ return 0;
+
+out:
+ inode_unlock(d_inode(root));
+ kfree(device);
+ if (inode) {
+ inode->i_private = NULL;
+ iput(inode);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct inode_operations binderfs_dir_inode_operations = {
+ .lookup = simple_lookup,
+ .rename = binderfs_rename,
+ .unlink = binderfs_unlink,
+};
+
+static int binderfs_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent)
+{
+ struct binderfs_info *info;
+ int ret = -ENOMEM;
+ struct inode *inode = NULL;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = sb->s_fs_info;
+
+ get_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
+
+ sb->s_blocksize = PAGE_SIZE;
+ sb->s_blocksize_bits = PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ /*
+ * The binderfs filesystem can be mounted by userns root in a
+ * non-initial userns. By default such mounts have the SB_I_NODEV flag
+ * set in s_iflags to prevent security issues where userns root can
+ * just create random device nodes via mknod() since it owns the
+ * filesystem mount. But binderfs does not allow to create any files
+ * including devices nodes. The only way to create binder devices nodes
+ * is through the binder-control device which userns root is explicitly
+ * allowed to do. So removing the SB_I_NODEV flag from s_iflags is both
+ * necessary and safe.
+ */
+ sb->s_iflags &= ~SB_I_NODEV;
+ sb->s_iflags |= SB_I_NOEXEC;
+ sb->s_magic = BINDERFS_SUPER_MAGIC;
+ sb->s_op = &binderfs_super_ops;
+ sb->s_time_gran = 1;
+
+ info = kzalloc(sizeof(struct binderfs_info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!info)
+ return ret;
+
+ info->ipc_ns = ipc_ns;
+ info->root_gid = make_kgid(sb->s_user_ns, 0);
+ if (!gid_valid(info->root_gid))
+ info->root_gid = GLOBAL_ROOT_GID;
+ info->root_uid = make_kuid(sb->s_user_ns, 0);
+ if (!uid_valid(info->root_uid))
+ info->root_uid = GLOBAL_ROOT_UID;
+
+ sb->s_fs_info = info;
+
+ inode = new_inode(sb);
+ if (!inode)
+ goto err_without_dentry;
+
+ inode->i_ino = FIRST_INODE;
+ inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
+ inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | 0755;
+ inode->i_mtime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
+ inode->i_op = &binderfs_dir_inode_operations;
+ set_nlink(inode, 2);
+
+ sb->s_root = d_make_root(inode);
+ if (!sb->s_root)
+ goto err_without_dentry;
+
+ ret = binderfs_binder_ctl_create(sb);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_with_dentry;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_with_dentry:
+ dput(sb->s_root);
+ sb->s_root = NULL;
+
+err_without_dentry:
+ if (inode)
+ iput(inode);
+ kfree(info);
+ put_ipc_ns(ipc_ns);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int binderfs_test_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data)
+{
+ struct binderfs_info *info = sb->s_fs_info;
+
+ if (info)
+ return info->ipc_ns == data;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int binderfs_set_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data)
+{
+ sb->s_fs_info = data;
+ return set_anon_super(sb, NULL);
+}
+
+static struct dentry *binderfs_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
+ int flags, const char *dev_name,
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb;
+ struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
+
+ if (!ns_capable(ipc_ns->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
+
+ sb = sget_userns(fs_type, binderfs_test_super, binderfs_set_super,
+ flags, ipc_ns->user_ns, ipc_ns);
+ if (IS_ERR(sb))
+ return ERR_CAST(sb);
+
+ if (!sb->s_root) {
+ int ret = binderfs_fill_super(sb, data, flags & SB_SILENT ? 1 : 0);
+ if (ret) {
+ deactivate_locked_super(sb);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ sb->s_flags |= SB_ACTIVE;
+ }
+
+ return dget(sb->s_root);
+}
+
+static void binderfs_kill_super(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct binderfs_info *info = sb->s_fs_info;
+
+ if (info && info->ipc_ns)
+ put_ipc_ns(info->ipc_ns);
+
+ kfree(info);
+ kill_litter_super(sb);
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type binder_fs_type = {
+ .name = "binder",
+ .mount = binderfs_mount,
+ .kill_sb = binderfs_kill_super,
+ .fs_flags = FS_USERNS_MOUNT,
+};
+
+static int __init init_binderfs(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Allocate new major number for binderfs. */
+ ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&binderfs_dev, 0, BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR,
+ "binder");
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = register_filesystem(&binder_fs_type);
+ if (ret) {
+ unregister_chrdev_region(binderfs_dev, BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ binderfs_mnt = kern_mount(&binder_fs_type);
+ if (IS_ERR(binderfs_mnt)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(binderfs_mnt);
+ binderfs_mnt = NULL;
+ unregister_filesystem(&binder_fs_type);
+ unregister_chrdev_region(binderfs_dev, BINDERFS_MAX_MINOR);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+device_initcall(init_binderfs);
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..65b2efd1a0a5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/android/binder_ctl.h
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 Canonical Ltd.
+ *
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_BINDER_CTL_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_BINDER_CTL_H
+
+#include <linux/android/binder.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+
+#define BINDERFS_MAX_NAME 255
+
+/**
+ * struct binderfs_device - retrieve information about a new binder device
+ * @name: the name to use for the new binderfs binder device
+ * @major: major number allocated for binderfs binder devices
+ * @minor: minor number allocated for the new binderfs binder device
+ *
+ */
+struct binderfs_device {
+ char name[BINDERFS_MAX_NAME + 1];
+ __u8 major;
+ __u8 minor;
+};
+
+/**
+ * Allocate a new binder device.
+ */
+#define BINDER_CTL_ADD _IOWR('b', 1, struct binderfs_device)
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_BINDER_CTL_H */
+
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index 96c24478d8ce..f8c00045d537 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@
#define DAXFS_MAGIC 0x64646178
#define BINFMTFS_MAGIC 0x42494e4d
#define DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC 0x1cd1
+#define BINDERFS_SUPER_MAGIC 0x6c6f6f70
#define FUTEXFS_SUPER_MAGIC 0xBAD1DEA
#define PIPEFS_MAGIC 0x50495045
#define PROC_SUPER_MAGIC 0x9fa0
--
2.19.1
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