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SubjectRe: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 1/1] xen/blkback: rework connect_ring() to avoid inconsistent xenstore 'ring-page-order' set by malicious blkfront
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On 12/07/2018 11:15 PM, Paul Durrant wrote:
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Dongli Zhang [mailto:dongli.zhang@oracle.com]
>> Sent: 07 December 2018 15:10
>> To: Paul Durrant <Paul.Durrant@citrix.com>; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
>> xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org; linux-block@vger.kernel.org
>> Cc: axboe@kernel.dk; Roger Pau Monne <roger.pau@citrix.com>;
>> konrad.wilk@oracle.com
>> Subject: Re: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 1/1] xen/blkback: rework connect_ring() to
>> avoid inconsistent xenstore 'ring-page-order' set by malicious blkfront
>>
>> Hi Paul,
>>
>> On 12/07/2018 05:39 PM, Paul Durrant wrote:
>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>> From: Xen-devel [mailto:xen-devel-bounces@lists.xenproject.org] On
>> Behalf
>>>> Of Dongli Zhang
>>>> Sent: 07 December 2018 04:18
>>>> To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org;
>> linux-
>>>> block@vger.kernel.org
>>>> Cc: axboe@kernel.dk; Roger Pau Monne <roger.pau@citrix.com>;
>>>> konrad.wilk@oracle.com
>>>> Subject: [Xen-devel] [PATCH 1/1] xen/blkback: rework connect_ring() to
>>>> avoid inconsistent xenstore 'ring-page-order' set by malicious blkfront
>>>>
>>>> The xenstore 'ring-page-order' is used globally for each blkback queue
>> and
>>>> therefore should be read from xenstore only once. However, it is
>> obtained
>>>> in read_per_ring_refs() which might be called multiple times during the
>>>> initialization of each blkback queue.
>>>
>>> That is certainly sub-optimal.
>>>
>>>>
>>>> If the blkfront is malicious and the 'ring-page-order' is set in
>> different
>>>> value by blkfront every time before blkback reads it, this may end up
>> at
>>>> the "WARN_ON(i != (XEN_BLKIF_REQS_PER_PAGE * blkif->nr_ring_pages));"
>> in
>>>> xen_blkif_disconnect() when frontend is destroyed.
>>>
>>> I can't actually see what useful function blkif->nr_ring_pages actually
>> performs any more. Perhaps you could actually get rid of it?
>>
>> How about we keep it? Other than reading from xenstore, it is the only
>> place for
>> us to know the value from 'ring-page-order'.
>>
>> This helps calculate the initialized number of elements on all
>> xen_blkif_ring->pending_free lists. That's how "WARN_ON(i !=
>> (XEN_BLKIF_REQS_PER_PAGE * blkif->nr_ring_pages));" is used to double
>> check if
>> there is no leak of elements reclaimed from all xen_blkif_ring-
>>> pending_free.
>>
>> It helps vmcore analysis as well. Given blkif->nr_ring_pages, we would be
>> able
>> to double check if the number of ring buffer slots are correct.
>>
>> I could not see any drawback leaving blkif->nr_ring_pagesin the code.
>
> No, there's no drawback apart from space, but apart from that cross-check and, as you say, core analysis it seems to have little value.
>
> Paul

I will not remove blkif->nr_ring_pages and leave the current patch waiting for
review.

Dongli Zhang



>
>>
>> Dongli Zhang
>>
>>>
>>>>
>>>> This patch reworks connect_ring() to read xenstore 'ring-page-order'
>> only
>>>> once.
>>>
>>> That is certainly a good thing :-)
>>>
>>> Paul
>>>
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Dongli Zhang <dongli.zhang@oracle.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>> ---
>>>> -----
>>>> 1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c b/drivers/block/xen-
>>>> blkback/xenbus.c
>>>> index a4bc74e..4a8ce20 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkback/xenbus.c
>>>> @@ -919,14 +919,15 @@ static void connect(struct backend_info *be)
>>>> /*
>>>> * Each ring may have multi pages, depends on "ring-page-order".
>>>> */
>>>> -static int read_per_ring_refs(struct xen_blkif_ring *ring, const char
>>>> *dir)
>>>> +static int read_per_ring_refs(struct xen_blkif_ring *ring, const char
>>>> *dir,
>>>> + bool use_ring_page_order)
>>>> {
>>>> unsigned int ring_ref[XENBUS_MAX_RING_GRANTS];
>>>> struct pending_req *req, *n;
>>>> int err, i, j;
>>>> struct xen_blkif *blkif = ring->blkif;
>>>> struct xenbus_device *dev = blkif->be->dev;
>>>> - unsigned int ring_page_order, nr_grefs, evtchn;
>>>> + unsigned int nr_grefs, evtchn;
>>>>
>>>> err = xenbus_scanf(XBT_NIL, dir, "event-channel", "%u",
>>>> &evtchn);
>>>> @@ -936,28 +937,18 @@ static int read_per_ring_refs(struct
>> xen_blkif_ring
>>>> *ring, const char *dir)
>>>> return err;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> - err = xenbus_scanf(XBT_NIL, dev->otherend, "ring-page-order", "%u",
>>>> - &ring_page_order);
>>>> - if (err != 1) {
>>>> + nr_grefs = blkif->nr_ring_pages;
>>>> +
>>>> + if (!use_ring_page_order) {
>>>> err = xenbus_scanf(XBT_NIL, dir, "ring-ref", "%u",
>>>> &ring_ref[0]);
>>>> if (err != 1) {
>>>> err = -EINVAL;
>>>> xenbus_dev_fatal(dev, err, "reading %s/ring-ref", dir);
>>>> return err;
>>>> }
>>>> - nr_grefs = 1;
>>>> } else {
>>>> unsigned int i;
>>>>
>>>> - if (ring_page_order > xen_blkif_max_ring_order) {
>>>> - err = -EINVAL;
>>>> - xenbus_dev_fatal(dev, err, "%s/request %d ring page
>>>> order exceed max:%d",
>>>> - dir, ring_page_order,
>>>> - xen_blkif_max_ring_order);
>>>> - return err;
>>>> - }
>>>> -
>>>> - nr_grefs = 1 << ring_page_order;
>>>> for (i = 0; i < nr_grefs; i++) {
>>>> char ring_ref_name[RINGREF_NAME_LEN];
>>>>
>>>> @@ -972,7 +963,6 @@ static int read_per_ring_refs(struct xen_blkif_ring
>>>> *ring, const char *dir)
>>>> }
>>>> }
>>>> }
>>>> - blkif->nr_ring_pages = nr_grefs;
>>>>
>>>> for (i = 0; i < nr_grefs * XEN_BLKIF_REQS_PER_PAGE; i++) {
>>>> req = kzalloc(sizeof(*req), GFP_KERNEL);
>>>> @@ -1030,6 +1020,8 @@ static int connect_ring(struct backend_info *be)
>>>> size_t xspathsize;
>>>> const size_t xenstore_path_ext_size = 11; /* sufficient for "/queue-
>>>> NNN" */
>>>> unsigned int requested_num_queues = 0;
>>>> + bool use_ring_page_order = false;
>>>> + unsigned int ring_page_order;
>>>>
>>>> pr_debug("%s %s\n", __func__, dev->otherend);
>>>>
>>>> @@ -1075,8 +1067,28 @@ static int connect_ring(struct backend_info *be)
>>>> be->blkif->nr_rings, be->blkif->blk_protocol, protocol,
>>>> pers_grants ? "persistent grants" : "");
>>>>
>>>> + err = xenbus_scanf(XBT_NIL, dev->otherend, "ring-page-order", "%u",
>>>> + &ring_page_order);
>>>> +
>>>> + if (err != 1) {
>>>> + be->blkif->nr_ring_pages = 1;
>>>> + } else {
>>>> + if (ring_page_order > xen_blkif_max_ring_order) {
>>>> + err = -EINVAL;
>>>> + xenbus_dev_fatal(dev, err,
>>>> + "requested ring page order %d exceed
>>>> max:%d",
>>>> + ring_page_order,
>>>> + xen_blkif_max_ring_order);
>>>> + return err;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> + use_ring_page_order = true;
>>>> + be->blkif->nr_ring_pages = 1 << ring_page_order;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> if (be->blkif->nr_rings == 1)
>>>> - return read_per_ring_refs(&be->blkif->rings[0], dev-
>>>>> otherend);
>>>> + return read_per_ring_refs(&be->blkif->rings[0], dev->otherend,
>>>> + use_ring_page_order);
>>>> else {
>>>> xspathsize = strlen(dev->otherend) + xenstore_path_ext_size;
>>>> xspath = kmalloc(xspathsize, GFP_KERNEL);
>>>> @@ -1088,7 +1100,8 @@ static int connect_ring(struct backend_info *be)
>>>> for (i = 0; i < be->blkif->nr_rings; i++) {
>>>> memset(xspath, 0, xspathsize);
>>>> snprintf(xspath, xspathsize, "%s/queue-%u", dev-
>>>>> otherend, i);
>>>> - err = read_per_ring_refs(&be->blkif->rings[i], xspath);
>>>> + err = read_per_ring_refs(&be->blkif->rings[i], xspath,
>>>> + use_ring_page_order);
>>>> if (err) {
>>>> kfree(xspath);
>>>> return err;
>>>> --
>>>> 2.7.4
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>> Xen-devel mailing list
>>>> Xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org
>>>> https://lists.xenproject.org/mailman/listinfo/xen-devel

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