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Subject[PATCH 4.14 25/55] userfaultfd: shmem: UFFDIO_COPY: set the page dirty if VM_WRITE is not set
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Andrea Arcangeli <>

commit dcf7fe9d89763a28e0f43975b422ff141fe79e43 upstream.

Set the page dirty if VM_WRITE is not set because in such case the pte
won't be marked dirty and the page would be reclaimed without writepage
(i.e. swapout in the shmem case).

This was found by source review. Most apps (certainly including QEMU)
only use UFFDIO_COPY on PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE mappings or the app can't
modify the memory in the first place. This is for correctness and it
could help the non cooperative use case to avoid unexpected data loss.

Reviewed-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Fixes: 4c27fe4c4c84 ("userfaultfd: shmem: add shmem_mcopy_atomic_pte for userfaultfd support")
Reported-by: Hugh Dickins <>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <>
Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <>
Cc: Jann Horn <>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <>
Cc: Peter Xu <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

mm/shmem.c | 11 +++++++++++
1 file changed, 11 insertions(+)

--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -2305,6 +2305,16 @@ static int shmem_mfill_atomic_pte(struct
_dst_pte = mk_pte(page, dst_vma->vm_page_prot);
if (dst_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
_dst_pte = pte_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(_dst_pte));
+ else {
+ /*
+ * We don't set the pte dirty if the vma has no
+ * VM_WRITE permission, so mark the page dirty or it
+ * could be freed from under us. We could do it
+ * unconditionally before unlock_page(), but doing it
+ * only if VM_WRITE is not set is faster.
+ */
+ set_page_dirty(page);
+ }

dst_pte = pte_offset_map_lock(dst_mm, dst_pmd, dst_addr, &ptl);

@@ -2338,6 +2348,7 @@ out:
return ret;
pte_unmap_unlock(dst_pte, ptl);
+ ClearPageDirty(page);
mem_cgroup_cancel_charge(page, memcg, false);

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