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Subject[PATCH] cpuidle: Add 'high' and 'low' idle state metrics
Date
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

Add two new metrics for CPU idle states, "high" and "low", to count
the number of times the given state had been asked for (or entered
from the kernel's perspective), but the observed idle duration turned
out to be too high or too low for it (respectively).

These mertics help to estimat the quality of the CPU idle governor
in use.

Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---

On top of https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10705317/

---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu | 7 +++++
Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst | 8 +++++
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c | 6 ++++
include/linux/cpuidle.h | 2 +
5 files changed, 52 insertions(+)

Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -248,6 +248,8 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_d
local_irq_enable();

if (entered_state >= 0) {
+ int i;
+
/*
* Update cpuidle counters
* This can be moved to within driver enter routine,
@@ -260,6 +262,33 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_d
dev->last_residency = (int)diff;
dev->states_usage[entered_state].time += dev->last_residency;
dev->states_usage[entered_state].usage++;
+
+ if (diff < drv->states[entered_state].target_residency) {
+ for (i = entered_state - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+ if (drv->states[i].disabled ||
+ dev->states_usage[i].disable)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Shallower states are enabled, so update. */
+ dev->states_usage[entered_state].high++;
+ break;
+ }
+ } else {
+ for (i = entered_state + 1; i < drv->state_count; i++) {
+ if (drv->states[i].disabled ||
+ dev->states_usage[i].disable)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Update if a deeper state would have been a
+ * better match for the observed idle duration.
+ */
+ if (diff >= drv->states[i].target_residency)
+ dev->states_usage[entered_state].low++;
+
+ break;
+ }
+ }
} else {
dev->last_residency = 0;
}
Index: linux-pm/include/linux/cpuidle.h
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/cpuidle.h
+++ linux-pm/include/linux/cpuidle.h
@@ -33,6 +33,8 @@ struct cpuidle_state_usage {
unsigned long long disable;
unsigned long long usage;
unsigned long long time; /* in US */
+ unsigned long long high; /* Number of times it's been too deep */
+ unsigned long long low; /* Number of times it's been too shallow */
#ifdef CONFIG_SUSPEND
unsigned long long s2idle_usage;
unsigned long long s2idle_time; /* in US */
Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/sysfs.c
@@ -301,6 +301,8 @@ define_show_state_str_function(name)
define_show_state_str_function(desc)
define_show_state_ull_function(disable)
define_store_state_ull_function(disable)
+define_show_state_ull_function(high)
+define_show_state_ull_function(low)

define_one_state_ro(name, show_state_name);
define_one_state_ro(desc, show_state_desc);
@@ -310,6 +312,8 @@ define_one_state_ro(power, show_state_po
define_one_state_ro(usage, show_state_usage);
define_one_state_ro(time, show_state_time);
define_one_state_rw(disable, show_state_disable, store_state_disable);
+define_one_state_ro(high, show_state_high);
+define_one_state_ro(low, show_state_low);

static struct attribute *cpuidle_state_default_attrs[] = {
&attr_name.attr,
@@ -320,6 +324,8 @@ static struct attribute *cpuidle_state_d
&attr_usage.attr,
&attr_time.attr,
&attr_disable.attr,
+ &attr_high.attr,
+ &attr_low.attr,
NULL
};

Index: linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
+++ linux-pm/Documentation/admin-guide/pm/cpuidle.rst
@@ -404,9 +404,17 @@ object corresponding to it, as follows:
``disable``
Whether or not this idle state is disabled.

+``high``
+ Total number of times this idle state had been asked for, but the
+ observed idle duration was too short to match its target residency.
+
``latency``
Exit latency of the idle state in microseconds.

+``low``
+ Total number of times this idle state had been asked for, but a deeper
+ idle state would have been a better match for the observed idle duration.
+
``name``
Name of the idle state.

Index: linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
+++ linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-system-cpu
@@ -145,6 +145,8 @@ What: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpui
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/power
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/time
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/usage
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/high
+ /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/low
Date: September 2007
KernelVersion: v2.6.24
Contact: Linux power management list <linux-pm@vger.kernel.org>
@@ -166,6 +168,11 @@ Description:

usage: (RO) Number of times this state was entered (a count).

+ high: (RO) Number of times this state was entered, but the
+ observed CPU target residency was too high for it (a count).
+
+ low: (RO) Number of times this state was entered, but the
+ observed CPU target residency was too low for it (a count).

What: /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/cpuidle/stateN/desc
Date: February 2008
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