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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] ARM: Wrap '--pic-veneer' with ld-option
On 05.12.2018 20:45, Nathan Chancellor wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 07:39:55PM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>> On Wed, 5 Dec 2018 at 19:36, Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>> >
>> > On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 09:09:56AM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>> > > (+ Arnd)
>> > >
>> > > On Wed, 5 Dec 2018 at 09:06, Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>> > > >
>> > > > On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 08:37:05AM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
>> > > > > On Wed, 5 Dec 2018 at 02:42, Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > This flag is not supported by lld:
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > ld.lld: error: unknown argument: --pic-veneer
>> > > > > >
>> > > > > > Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
>> > > > >
>> > > > > Hi Nate,
>> > > > >
>> > > > > Does this mean ld.lld is guaranteed to produce position independent
>> > > > > veneers if you build kernels that are bigger than the typical range of
>> > > > > a relative branch?
>> > > > >
>> > > >
>> > > > Hi Ard,
>> > > >
>> > > > Honestly, I'm not quite sure. I saw your commit that introduced this
>> > > > flag and I wasn't quite sure what to make of it for lld. What
>> > > > configuration would I use to verify and what would I check for?
>> > > >
>> > >
>> > > Try building allyesconfig, and check the resulting binary for veneers
>> > > (which have 'veneer' in the symbol name, at least when ld.bfd emits
>> > > them). These veneers should not take the [virtual] address of the
>> > > branch target directly, but take a PC relative offset (as in the
>> > > example in the commit log of that patch you are referring to)
>> > >
>> >
>> > Alright, compiling with allyesconfig is a little rough at the moment
>> > (bug reports I will file in due time) but I was able to do it. Here's
>> > the disassembly specifically for the functions you had in your commit,
>> > my assembly knowledge is pretty much non-existent unfortunately so I am
>> > not sure what to make of it (it doesn't look like there is a virtual
>> > address for pc in that mix?). I am happy to provide any more information
>> > that is needed.
>> >
>> > c03030cc <__enable_mmu>:
>> > c03030cc: e3c00002 bic r0, r0, #2
>> > c03030d0: e3c00b02 bic r0, r0, #2048 ; 0x800
>> > c03030d4: e3c00a01 bic r0, r0, #4096 ; 0x1000
>> > c03030d8: e3a05051 mov r5, #81 ; 0x51
>> > c03030dc: ee035f10 mcr 15, 0, r5, cr3, cr0, {0}
>> > c03030e0: ee024f10 mcr 15, 0, r4, cr2, cr0, {0}
>> > c03030e4: eafff3c5 b c0300000 <__turn_mmu_on>
>> > c03030e8: e320f000 nop {0}
>> > c03030ec: e320f000 nop {0}
>> > c03030f0: e320f000 nop {0}
>> > c03030f4: e320f000 nop {0}
>> > c03030f8: e320f000 nop {0}
>> > c03030fc: e320f000 nop {0}
>> >
>> > c0300000 <__turn_mmu_on>:
>> > c0300000: e1a00000 nop ; (mov r0, r0)
>> > c0300004: ee070f95 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr7, cr5, {4}
>> > c0300008: ee010f10 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr1, cr0, {0}
>> > c030000c: ee103f10 mrc 15, 0, r3, cr0, cr0, {0}
>> > c0300010: ee070f95 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr7, cr5, {4}
>> > c0300014: e1a03003 mov r3, r3
>> > c0300018: e1a0300d mov r3, sp
>> > c030001c: e1a0f003 mov pc, r3
>> >
>>
>> Thanks Nate.
>>
>> So these functions no longer appear to reside far away from each
>> other, so there no veneer has been emitted.
>>
>> What we're looking for are veneers, i.e., snippets inserted by the
>> linker that serve as a trampoline so a branch target that is far away
>> can be reached.
>>
>> If no symbols exist with 'veneer' in their name *, it might make sense
>> to rebuild the kernel as Thumb2, which has a branching range of only 8
>> MB (as opposed to 16 MB for ARM mode)
>>
>> * I have no idea whether lld names its veneers like this, or even at all
>
> Thanks Ard, I understand now, I appreciate that.
>
> I compiled with CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL (config attached) and I am still
> not seeing any veneers or thunks as Peter said they would be called for
> lld in the LLVM bug report linked earlier in the thread. Peter did note
> that the branch ranges were 32MB and 16MB for ARM and Thumb2
> respectively, which could be playing into this.
>
> c03028d0 <__enable_mmu>:
> c03028d0: f020 0002 bic.w r0, r0, #2
> c03028d4: f420 6000 bic.w r0, r0, #2048 ; 0x800
> c03028d8: f420 5080 bic.w r0, r0, #4096 ; 0x1000
> c03028dc: f04f 0551 mov.w r5, #81 ; 0x51
> c03028e0: ee03 5f10 mcr 15, 0, r5, cr3, cr0, {0}
> c03028e4: ee02 4f10 mcr 15, 0, r4, cr2, cr0, {0}
> c03028e8: f7fd bb8a b.w c0300000 <__turn_mmu_on>
> c03028ec: f3af 8000 nop.w
> c03028f0: f3af 8000 nop.w
> c03028f4: f3af 8000 nop.w
> c03028f8: f3af 8000 nop.w
> c03028fc: f3af 8000 nop.w
>
> c0300000 <__turn_mmu_on>:
> c0300000: 4600 mov r0, r0
> c0300002: f3bf 8f6f isb sy
> c0300006: ee01 0f10 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr1, cr0, {0}
> c030000a: ee10 3f10 mrc 15, 0, r3, cr0, cr0, {0}
> c030000e: f3bf 8f6f isb sy
> c0300012: 461b mov r3, r3
> c0300014: 466b mov r3, sp
> c0300016: 469f mov pc, r3
>
> Thanks for all the insight you've given!
> Nathan

I was able to reproduce the issue by using allyesconfig, removing
--pic-veneer and reverting eb765c1ceb27 ("ARM: 8317/1: move the
.idmap.text section closer to .head.text"). I guess due to that fix the
issue currently does not appear in practice (or at least not in that
particular case we are looking at).

Using ld.bfd:
$ arm-buildroot-linux-gnueabihf-objdump -d vmlinux | grep -C 4
turn_mmu_on
c020815c: e12fff1e bx lr
c0208160: cc3c2857 .word 0xcc3c2857
c0208164: fd883000 .word 0xfd883000

c0208168 <__turn_mmu_on_loc>:
c0208168: c0208168 .word 0xc0208168
c020816c: c7b11230 .word 0xc7b11230
c0208170: c7b11250 .word 0xc7b11250

--
c0303304: e3c00a01 bic r0, r0, #4096 ; 0x1000
c0303308: e3a05051 mov r5, #81 ; 0x51
c030330c: ee035f10 mcr 15, 0, r5, cr3, cr0, {0}
c0303310: ee024f10 mcr 15, 0, r4, cr2, cr0, {0}
c0303314: ea0fd9c7 b c06f9a38
<____turn_mmu_on_veneer>
c0303318: e320f000 nop {0}
c030331c: e320f000 nop {0}

c0303320 <__do_fixup_smp_on_up>:
--
c06f9a30 <__bus_register_notifier_veneer>:
c06f9a30: e51ff004 ldr pc, [pc, #-4] ; c06f9a34
<__bus_register_notifier_veneer+0x4>
c06f9a34: c29752c0 .word 0xc29752c0

c06f9a38 <____turn_mmu_on_veneer>:
c06f9a38: e51ff004 ldr pc, [pc, #-4] ; c06f9a3c
<____turn_mmu_on_veneer+0x4>
c06f9a3c: c7b11230 .word 0xc7b11230

c06f9a40 <__rb_replace_node_veneer>:
c06f9a40: e51ff004 ldr pc, [pc, #-4] ; c06f9a44
<__rb_replace_node_veneer+0x4>
--

c7b1122c <__kprobes_text_end>:
c7b1122c: 00000000 .word 0x00000000

c7b11230 <__turn_mmu_on>:
c7b11230: e1a00000 nop ; (mov r0, r0)
c7b11234: ee070f95 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr7, cr5, {4}
c7b11238: ee010f10 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr1, cr0, {0}
c7b1123c: ee103f10 mrc 15, 0, r3, cr0, cr0, {0}


And with ld.lld:

$ arm-buildroot-linux-gnueabihf-objdump -d vmlinux | grep -C 4
turn_mmu_on
c0208158: e12fff1e bx lr
c020815c: cb2cb747 .word 0xcb2cb747
c0208160: fd883000 .word 0xfd883000

c0208164 <__turn_mmu_on_loc>:
c0208164: c0208164 .word 0xc0208164
c0208168: c6c3ca38 .word 0xc6c3ca38
c020816c: c6c3ca58 .word 0xc6c3ca58

--
c0301fb4: e3c00a01 bic r0, r0, #4096 ; 0x1000
c0301fb8: e3a05051 mov r5, #81 ; 0x51
c0301fbc: ee035f10 mcr 15, 0, r5, cr3, cr0, {0}
c0301fc0: ee024f10 mcr 15, 0, r4, cr2, cr0, {0}
c0301fc4: ea3f3e38 b c12d18ac
<__ARMv7ABSLongThunk___turn_mmu_on>
c0301fc8: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fcc: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fd0: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fd4: e320f000 nop {0}
--
c12d18a0: e3a00001 mov r0, #1
c12d18a4: e28dd004 add sp, sp, #4
c12d18a8: e8bd8ff0 pop {r4, r5, r6, r7, r8, r9, sl, fp,
pc}

c12d18ac <__ARMv7ABSLongThunk___turn_mmu_on>:
c12d18ac: e30cca38 movw ip, #51768 ; 0xca38
c12d18b0: e34cc6c3 movt ip, #50883 ; 0xc6c3
c12d18b4: e12fff1c bx ip

--
c6c3ca2c: e309c90c movw ip, #39180 ; 0x990c
c6c3ca30: e34cc032 movt ip, #49202 ; 0xc032
c6c3ca34: e12fff1c bx ip

c6c3ca38 <__turn_mmu_on>:
c6c3ca38: e1a00000 nop ; (mov r0, r0)
c6c3ca3c: f57ff06f isb sy
c6c3ca40: ee010f10 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr1, cr0, {0}
c6c3ca44: ee103f10 mrc 15, 0, r3, cr0, cr0, {0}

With --pic-veneer and ld.bfd:

$ arm-buildroot-linux-gnueabihf-objdump -d vmlinux | grep -C 4
turn_mmu_on
c0208158: e12fff1e bx lr
c020815c: cb1cb747 .word 0xcb1cb747
c0208160: fd883000 .word 0xfd883000

c0208164 <__turn_mmu_on_loc>:
c0208164: c0208164 .word 0xc0208164
c0208168: c6c514e0 .word 0xc6c514e0
c020816c: c6c51500 .word 0xc6c51500

--
c0301fb4: e3c00a01 bic r0, r0, #4096 ; 0x1000
c0301fb8: e3a05051 mov r5, #81 ; 0x51
c0301fbc: ee035f10 mcr 15, 0, r5, cr3, cr0, {0}
c0301fc0: ee024f10 mcr 15, 0, r4, cr2, cr0, {0}
c0301fc4: ea0fd5a4 b c06f765c
<____turn_mmu_on_veneer>
c0301fc8: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fcc: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fd0: e320f000 nop {0}
c0301fd4: e320f000 nop {0}
--
c06f7650: e59fc000 ldr ip, [pc] ; c06f7658
<____xa_set_mark_veneer+0x8>
c06f7654: e08ff00c add pc, pc, ip
c06f7658: 0654cebc .word 0x0654cebc

c06f765c <____turn_mmu_on_veneer>:
c06f765c: e59fc000 ldr ip, [pc] ; c06f7664
<____turn_mmu_on_veneer+0x8>
c06f7660: e08ff00c add pc, pc, ip
c06f7664: 06559e78 .word 0x06559e78

--
c6c514d4: e1a00006 mov r0, r6
c6c514d8: e8bd4070 pop {r4, r5, r6, lr}
c6c514dc: e12fff13 bx r3

c6c514e0 <__turn_mmu_on>:
c6c514e0: e1a00000 nop ; (mov r0, r0)
c6c514e4: f57ff06f isb sy
c6c514e8: ee010f10 mcr 15, 0, r0, cr1, cr0, {0}
c6c514ec: ee103f10 mrc 15, 0, r3, cr0, cr0, {0}

--
Stefan

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