[lkml]   [2018]   [Dec]   [28]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH 4.9 18/22] x86/fpu: Disable bottom halves while loading FPU registers
4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>

commit 68239654acafe6aad5a3c1dc7237e60accfebc03 upstream.

The sequence

fpu->initialized = 1; /* step A */
preempt_disable(); /* step B */

in __fpu__restore_sig() is racy in regard to a context switch.

For 32bit frames, __fpu__restore_sig() prepares the FPU state within
fpu->state. To ensure that a context switch (switch_fpu_prepare() in
particular) does not modify fpu->state it uses fpu__drop() which sets
fpu->initialized to 0.

After fpu->initialized is cleared, the CPU's FPU state is not saved
to fpu->state during a context switch. The new state is loaded via
fpu__restore(). It gets loaded into fpu->state from userland and
ensured it is sane. fpu->initialized is then set to 1 in order to avoid
fpu__initialize() doing anything (overwrite the new state) which is part
of fpu__restore().

A context switch between step A and B above would save CPU's current FPU
registers to fpu->state and overwrite the newly prepared state. This
looks like a tiny race window but the Kernel Test Robot reported this
back in 2016 while we had lazy FPU support. Borislav Petkov made the
link between that report and another patch that has been posted. Since
the removal of the lazy FPU support, this race goes unnoticed because
the warning has been removed.

Disable bottom halves around the restore sequence to avoid the race. BH
need to be disabled because BH is allowed to run (even with preemption
disabled) and might invoke kernel_fpu_begin() by doing IPsec.

[ bp: massage commit message a bit. ]

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <>
Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <>
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <>
Cc: "Jason A. Donenfeld" <>
Cc: kvm ML <>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <>
Cc: Radim Krčmář <>
Cc: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: x86-ml <>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
@@ -342,10 +342,10 @@ static int __fpu__restore_sig(void __use
sanitize_restored_xstate(tsk, &env, xfeatures, fx_only);

+ local_bh_disable();
fpu->fpstate_active = 1;
- preempt_disable();
- preempt_enable();
+ local_bh_enable();

return err;
} else {

 \ /
  Last update: 2018-12-28 13:19    [W:0.160 / U:0.436 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site