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SubjectRe: CPUs blocking in update_blocked_averages -- 4.19.12
>
> We're seeing an issue introduced in 4.18, and that still persists in
> 4.19.12 (we upgraded from 4.9), where update_blocked_averages is
> blocking. We're running a workload where a majority of our workloads
> are confined by cgroups. This exhibits itself due to a softlockup on
> a CPU which is waiting on a lock that's held by
> update_blocked_averages. I don't have access to any bare metal
> hardware at the moment, and these are all systems running under KVM.
> This kernel has CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED on.
>
> The Softlocked CPU:
> crash> bt
> PID: 29314 TASK: ffff99b5f0671f00 CPU: 0 COMMAND: "ag"
> #0 [ffff99b67b203d58] machine_kexec at ffffffff91a602f3
> #1 [ffff99b67b203db0] __crash_kexec at ffffffff91b49011
> #2 [ffff99b67b203e70] panic at ffffffff91a896d1
> #3 [ffff99b67b203ef8] watchdog_timer_fn at ffffffff91b816af
> #4 [ffff99b67b203f28] __hrtimer_run_queues at ffffffff91b26359
> #5 [ffff99b67b203f88] hrtimer_interrupt at ffffffff91b26de2
> #6 [ffff99b67b203fd8] smp_apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92402b06
> #7 [ffff99b67b203ff0] apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92401a9f
> --- <IRQ stack> ---
> #8 [ffffa49fa1acbc08] apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92401a9f
> [exception RIP: smp_call_function_many+543]
> RIP: ffffffff91b3e84f RSP: ffffa49fa1acbcb0 RFLAGS: 00000202
> RAX: 0000000000000010 RBX: ffff99b67b224fc0 RCX: ffff99b67b6286a0
> RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000200 RDI: ffff99b67b224fc8
> RBP: ffff99b67b224fc8 R8: 0000000000000001 R9: 0000000000000000
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000025080
> R13: ffffa49fa1acbd00 R14: 0000000000000001 R15: 0000000000000200
> ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffff13 CS: 0010 SS: 0018
> #9 [ffffa49fa1acbcf8] flush_tlb_mm_range at ffffffff91a7853c
> #10 [ffffa49fa1acbd90] free_pgtables at ffffffff91c4ac3b
> #11 [ffffa49fa1acbdc8] unmap_region at ffffffff91c54439
> #12 [ffffa49fa1acbe90] do_munmap at ffffffff91c56355
> #13 [ffffa49fa1acbee0] vm_munmap at ffffffff91c56587
> #14 [ffffa49fa1acbf20] __x64_sys_munmap at ffffffff91c565e2
> #15 [ffffa49fa1acbf38] do_syscall_64 at ffffffff91a04590
> #16 [ffffa49fa1acbf50] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe at ffffffff9240008d
> RIP: 00007f43e94de747 RSP: 00007f43e91d7e28 RFLAGS: 00000213
> RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00000000011a6f30 RCX: 00007f43e94de747
> RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000ade RDI: 00007f43ea47d000
> RBP: 0000000000000005 R8: 00007f43e00008c0 R9: 00007f43e91d7d00
> R10: 00000000011a53b0 R11: 0000000000000213 R12: 00007f43ea47d000
> R13: 0000000000000ade R14: 00007f43e91d89c0 R15: 0000000000000060
> ORIG_RAX: 000000000000000b CS: 0033 SS: 002b
>
> This is waiting on CPU 16:
> crash> bt
> PID: 29299 TASK: ffff99b5dffd1f00 CPU: 16 COMMAND: "ag"
> #0 [fffffe00002c8e38] crash_nmi_callback at ffffffff91a54202
> #1 [fffffe00002c8e50] nmi_handle at ffffffff91a32ee2
> #2 [fffffe00002c8ea0] default_do_nmi at ffffffff91a333ea
> #3 [fffffe00002c8ec0] do_nmi at ffffffff91a33553
> #4 [fffffe00002c8ef0] end_repeat_nmi at ffffffff924014e8
> [exception RIP: native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath+33]
> RIP: ffffffff91af2dc1 RSP: ffffa49fa1a93948 RFLAGS: 00000002
> RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: ffff99b67b763f40 RCX: 000000004f19a57a
> RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: ffff99b67b763f40
> RBP: 0000000000000082 R8: 0000000000000001 R9: 0000000000000000
> R10: ffffa49fa1a938f8 R11: ffffffff91aca4a7 R12: 0000000000000015
> R13: ffff99b67b764940 R14: ffffa49fa1a93a60 R15: 0000000000000015
> ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0010 SS: 0000
> --- <NMI exception stack> ---
> #5 [ffffa49fa1a93948] native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath at ffffffff91af2dc1
> #6 [ffffa49fa1a93948] do_raw_spin_lock at ffffffff91af48dd
> #7 [ffffa49fa1a93958] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave at ffffffff923c1154
> #8 [ffffa49fa1a93978] update_blocked_averages at ffffffff91aca4a7
> #9 [ffffa49fa1a93a10] update_nohz_stats at ffffffff91acaa3d
> #10 [ffffa49fa1a93a20] find_busiest_group at ffffffff91ad2137
> #11 [ffffa49fa1a93bb8] load_balance at ffffffff91ad2be0
> #12 [ffffa49fa1a93cf0] pick_next_task_fair at ffffffff91ad41e6
> #13 [ffffa49fa1a93da0] mark_held_locks at ffffffff91aeebe4
> #14 [ffffa49fa1a93de8] schedule at ffffffff923b9ec2
> #15 [ffffa49fa1a93df8] rwsem_down_read_failed at ffffffff923be859
> #16 [ffffa49fa1a93e80] call_rwsem_down_read_failed at ffffffff923ae944
> #17 [ffffa49fa1a93ec8] down_read at ffffffff923bdf0b
> #18 [ffffa49fa1a93ee0] __do_page_fault at ffffffff91a71083
> #19 [ffffa49fa1a93f50] async_page_fault at ffffffff924010ee
> RIP: 00007f43e945f786 RSP: 00007ffde2b50070 RFLAGS: 00010206
> RAX: 0000000000015f41 RBX: 00007f43e97a1b20 RCX: 0000000000000111
> RDX: 00000000011affb0 RSI: 00000000011b00c0 RDI: 0000000000000000
> RBP: 0000000000000111 R8: 00007f43e97a1bd8 R9: 0000000000000000
> R10: 00007f43e97a1b78 R11: 00007f43e97a1b78 R12: 00007f43e97a1b78
> R13: 00007f43e97a1b78 R14: 0000000000002710 R15: 00007f43e97a1c78
> ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0033 SS: 002b
>
> Which is waiting on a lock held by CPU owned by CPU 9:
> crash> struct raw_spinlock_t ffff99b67b763f40
> struct raw_spinlock_t {
> raw_lock = {
> {
> val = {
> counter = 1
> },
> {
> locked = 1 '\001',
> pending = 0 '\000'
> },
> {
> locked_pending = 1,
> tail = 0
> }
> }
> },
> magic = 3735899821,
> owner_cpu = 9,
> owner = 0xffff99b66e7a8000,
> dep_map = {
> key = 0xffffffff9331d120,
> class_cache = {0xffffffff93a13da0, 0x0},
> name = 0xffffffff92a7d9ad "&rq->lock"
> }
> }
>
> Which is hanging out in update_blocked_averages:
> crash> bt
> PID: 0 TASK: ffff99b66e7a8000 CPU: 9 COMMAND: "swapper/9"
> #0 [fffffe0000194e38] crash_nmi_callback at ffffffff91a54202
> #1 [fffffe0000194e50] nmi_handle at ffffffff91a32ee2
> #2 [fffffe0000194ea0] default_do_nmi at ffffffff91a33362
> #3 [fffffe0000194ec0] do_nmi at ffffffff91a33553
> #4 [fffffe0000194ef0] end_repeat_nmi at ffffffff924014e8
> [exception RIP: lock_is_held_type+70]
> RIP: ffffffff91aecec6 RSP: ffff99b67b443e20 RFLAGS: 00000046
> RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: ffff99b66e7a8000 RCX: 00000000000000a8
> RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 00000000ffffffff RDI: 0000000000000046
> RBP: 0000000000000046 R8: 0000000000000004 R9: 0000000000000000
> R10: ffff99b67b443e38 R11: ffffffff91aca4a7 R12: ffff99b67b763f40
> R13: ffff99b67b764940 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff99b6193d9200
> ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0010 SS: 0018
> --- <NMI exception stack> ---
> #5 [ffff99b67b443e20] lock_is_held_type at ffffffff91aecec6
> #6 [ffff99b67b443e30] update_blocked_averages at ffffffff91aca841
> #7 [ffff99b67b443ec8] update_nohz_stats at ffffffff91acaa3d
> #8 [ffff99b67b443ed8] _nohz_idle_balance at ffffffff91ad39f7
> #9 [ffff99b67b443f70] __softirqentry_text_start at ffffffff926000d1
> #10 [ffff99b67b443fd0] irq_exit at ffffffff91a911f5
> #11 [ffff99b67b443fd8] smp_apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92402b2c
> #12 [ffff99b67b443ff0] apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92401a9f
> --- <IRQ stack> ---
> #13 [ffffa49f98993df8] apic_timer_interrupt at ffffffff92401a9f
> [exception RIP: mwait_idle+108]
> RIP: ffffffff923c02fc RSP: ffffa49f98993ea8 RFLAGS: 00000246
> RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000009 RCX: 0000000000000000
> RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: ffff99b66e7a8000
> RBP: 0000000000000009 R8: 0000000000000001 R9: 0000000000000000
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff99b66e7a8000
> R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff99b66e7a8000
> ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffff13 CS: 0010 SS: 0018
> #14 [ffffa49f98993ec0] do_idle at ffffffff91ac6ba3
> #15 [ffffa49f98993f10] cpu_startup_entry at ffffffff91ac6f4f
> #16 [ffffa49f98993f30] start_secondary at ffffffff91a55759
> #17 [ffffa49f98993f50] secondary_startup_64 at ffffffff91a000d4
>
> ---
>
> Lockdep tells me nothing, which makes me think, somehow is the code in
> for_each_leaf_cfs_rq_safe looping forever?

On further investigation from another crash dump, it looks like (where
0xffff9680bb4e3f40 = cpu_rq(11)) --
crash> struct rq.leaf_cfs_rq_list 0xffff9680bb4e3f40
leaf_cfs_rq_list = {
next = 0xffff9680622ed980,
prev = 0xffff9680bb4e4180
}
crash> struct list_head 0xffff9680622ed980
struct list_head {
next = 0xffff9680622ed980,
prev = 0xffff9680622ed980
}

---
I instrumented update_blocked_averages with the start time of the
function, to keep track of it with the scheduler clock, and it
coincides at almost exactly 5.5 seconds, way longer than it should be.


It looks like it never terminates because it stays in this loop
forever. I'm not sure how things can get into this state, or even if
this was the state to start with, and this isn't the result of some
kind of concurrency skew or other shenanigans.

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