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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] PCI: avoid bridge feature re-probing on hotplug
Hi Michael,

On Mon, Dec 17, 2018 at 07:45:41PM -0500, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> commit 1f82de10d6b1 ("PCI/x86: don't assume prefetchable ranges are 64bit")
> added probing of bridge support for 64 bit memory each time bridge is
> re-enumerated.
>
> Unfortunately this probing is destructive if any device behind
> the bridge is in use at this time.
>
> This was observed in the field, see
> https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-12/msg01711.html
> and specifically
> https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2018-12/msg02082.html
>
> There's no real need to re-probe the bridge features as the
> registers in question never change - detect that using
> the memory flag being set (it's always set on the 1st pass since
> all PCI2PCI bridges support memory forwarding) and skip the probing.
> Thus, only the first call will perform the disruptive probing and sets
> the resource flags as required - which we can be reasonably sure happens
> before any devices have been configured.
> Avoiding repeated calls to pci_bridge_check_ranges might be even nicer.
> Unfortunately I couldn't come up with a clean way to do it without a
> major probing code refactoring.

I'm OK with major probe code refactoring as long as it's done
carefully. Doing a special-case fix like this solves the immediate
problem but adds to the long-term maintenance problem.

As far as I can tell, everything in pci_bridge_check_ranges() should
be done once at enumeration-time, e.g., in the pci_read_bridge_bases()
path, and pci_bridge_check_ranges() itself should be removed.

If that turns out to be impossible for some reason, we need a comment
explaining why.

> Reported-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
> Tested-by: xuyandong <xuyandong2@huawei.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org>
> Cc: Jesse Barnes <jbarnes@virtuousgeek.org>
> Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> Please review and consider for stable.
>
> changes from v1:
> comment and commit log updates to address comments by Bjorn.
>
> drivers/pci/setup-bus.c | 10 ++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> index ed960436df5e..d5c25d465d97 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/setup-bus.c
> @@ -741,6 +741,16 @@ static void pci_bridge_check_ranges(struct pci_bus *bus)
> struct resource *b_res;
>
> b_res = &bridge->resource[PCI_BRIDGE_RESOURCES];
> +
> + /*
> + * Don't re-check after this was called once already:
> + * important since bridge might be in use.
> + * Note: this is only reliable because as per spec all PCI to PCI
> + * bridges support memory unconditionally so IORESOURCE_MEM is set.
> + */
> + if (b_res[1].flags & IORESOURCE_MEM)
> + return;
> +
> b_res[1].flags |= IORESOURCE_MEM;
>
> pci_read_config_word(bridge, PCI_IO_BASE, &io);
> --
> MST

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