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SubjectRe: [PATCH] drm/xen-front: Make shmem backed display buffer coherent
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On 12/19/18 6:14 PM, Noralf Trønnes wrote:
>
> Den 19.12.2018 09.18, skrev Oleksandr Andrushchenko:
>> On 12/18/18 9:20 PM, Noralf Trønnes wrote:
>>>
>>> Den 27.11.2018 11.32, skrev Oleksandr Andrushchenko:
>>>> From: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
>>>>
>>>> When GEM backing storage is allocated with drm_gem_get_pages
>>>> the backing pages may be cached, thus making it possible that
>>>> the backend sees only partial content of the buffer which may
>>>> lead to screen artifacts. Make sure that the frontend's
>>>> memory is coherent and the backend always sees correct display
>>>> buffer content.
>>>>
>>>> Fixes: c575b7eeb89f ("drm/xen-front: Add support for Xen PV display
>>>> frontend")
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Oleksandr Andrushchenko
>>>> <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
>>>> ---
>>>>   drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c | 62
>>>> +++++++++++++++++++------
>>>>   1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c
>>>> b/drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c
>>>> index 47ff019d3aef..c592735e49d2 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/xen/xen_drm_front_gem.c
>>>> @@ -33,8 +33,11 @@ struct xen_gem_object {
>>>>       /* set for buffers allocated by the backend */
>>>>       bool be_alloc;
>>>>   -    /* this is for imported PRIME buffer */
>>>> -    struct sg_table *sgt_imported;
>>>> +    /*
>>>> +     * this is for imported PRIME buffer or the one allocated via
>>>> +     * drm_gem_get_pages.
>>>> +     */
>>>> +    struct sg_table *sgt;
>>>>   };
>>>>     static inline struct xen_gem_object *
>>>> @@ -77,10 +80,21 @@ static struct xen_gem_object
>>>> *gem_create_obj(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>>       return xen_obj;
>>>>   }
>>>>   +struct sg_table *xen_drm_front_gem_get_sg_table(struct
>>>> drm_gem_object *gem_obj)
>>>> +{
>>>> +    struct xen_gem_object *xen_obj = to_xen_gem_obj(gem_obj);
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!xen_obj->pages)
>>>> +        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>>>> +
>>>> +    return drm_prime_pages_to_sg(xen_obj->pages, xen_obj->num_pages);
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>>   static struct xen_gem_object *gem_create(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> size_t size)
>>>>   {
>>>>       struct xen_drm_front_drm_info *drm_info = dev->dev_private;
>>>>       struct xen_gem_object *xen_obj;
>>>> +    struct address_space *mapping;
>>>>       int ret;
>>>>         size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
>>>> @@ -113,10 +127,14 @@ static struct xen_gem_object
>>>> *gem_create(struct drm_device *dev, size_t size)
>>>>           xen_obj->be_alloc = true;
>>>>           return xen_obj;
>>>>       }
>>>> +
>>>>       /*
>>>>        * need to allocate backing pages now, so we can share those
>>>>        * with the backend
>>>>        */
>>>
>>>
>>> Let's see if I understand what you're doing:
>>>
>>> Here you say that the pages should be DMA accessible for devices
>>> that can
>>> only see 4GB.
>>
>> Yes, your understanding is correct. As we are a para-virtualized
>> device we
>>
>> do not have strict requirements for 32-bit DMA. But, via dma-buf export,
>>
>> the buffer we create can be used by real HW, e.g. one can pass-through
>>
>> real HW devices into a guest domain and they can import our buffer (yes,
>>
>> they can be IOMMU backed and other conditions may apply).
>>
>> So, this is why we are limiting to DMA32 here, just to allow more
>> possible
>>
>> use-cases
>>
>>>
>>>> +    mapping = xen_obj->base.filp->f_mapping;
>>>> +    mapping_set_gfp_mask(mapping, GFP_USER | __GFP_DMA32);
>>>> +
>>>>       xen_obj->num_pages = DIV_ROUND_UP(size, PAGE_SIZE);
>>>>       xen_obj->pages = drm_gem_get_pages(&xen_obj->base);
>>>>       if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(xen_obj->pages)) {
>>>> @@ -125,8 +143,27 @@ static struct xen_gem_object
>>>> *gem_create(struct drm_device *dev, size_t size)
>>>>           goto fail;
>>>>       }
>>>>   +    xen_obj->sgt = xen_drm_front_gem_get_sg_table(&xen_obj->base);
>>>> +    if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(xen_obj->sgt)){
>>>> +        ret = PTR_ERR(xen_obj->sgt);
>>>> +        xen_obj->sgt = NULL;
>>>> +        goto fail_put_pages;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>> +    if (!dma_map_sg(dev->dev, xen_obj->sgt->sgl, xen_obj->sgt->nents,
>>>> +            DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)) {
>>>
>>>
>>> Are you using the DMA streaming API as a way to flush the caches?
>> Yes
>>> Does this mean that GFP_USER isn't making the buffer coherent?
>>
>> No, it didn't help. I had a question [1] if there are any other
>> better way
>>
>> to achieve the same, but didn't have any response yet. So, I implemented
>>
>> it via DMA API which helped.
>
> As Gerd says asking on the arm list is probably the best way of finding a
> future proof solution and understanding what's going on.
Yes, it seems so
>
> But if you don't get any help there and you end up with the present
> solution I suggest you add a comment that this is for flushing the caches
> on arm. With the current code one can be led to believe that the driver
> uses the dma address somewhere.
Makes sense
>
> What about x86, does the problem exist there?
>
Yes, but there I could do drm_clflush_pages which is not implemented for ARM
> I wonder if you can call dma_unmap_sg() right away since the flushing has
> already happened. That would contain this flushing "hack" inside the
> gem_create function.
Yes, I was thinking about this "solution" as well
>
> I also suggest calling drm_prime_pages_to_sg() directly to increase
> readability, since the check in xen_drm_front_gem_get_sg_table() isn't
> necessary for this use case.
This can be done
>
>
> Noralf.
>
>
>>
>>>
>>> Noralf.
>>>
>>>> +        ret = -EFAULT;
>>>> +        goto fail_free_sgt;
>>>> +    }
>>>> +
>>>>       return xen_obj;
>>>>   +fail_free_sgt:
>>>> +    sg_free_table(xen_obj->sgt);
>>>> +    xen_obj->sgt = NULL;
>>>> +fail_put_pages:
>>>> +    drm_gem_put_pages(&xen_obj->base, xen_obj->pages, true, false);
>>>> +    xen_obj->pages = NULL;
>>>>   fail:
>>>>       DRM_ERROR("Failed to allocate buffer with size %zu\n", size);
>>>>       return ERR_PTR(ret);
>>>> @@ -149,7 +186,7 @@ void
>>>> xen_drm_front_gem_free_object_unlocked(struct drm_gem_object *gem_obj)
>>>>       struct xen_gem_object *xen_obj = to_xen_gem_obj(gem_obj);
>>>>         if (xen_obj->base.import_attach) {
>>>> -        drm_prime_gem_destroy(&xen_obj->base, xen_obj->sgt_imported);
>>>> +        drm_prime_gem_destroy(&xen_obj->base, xen_obj->sgt);
>>>>           gem_free_pages_array(xen_obj);
>>>>       } else {
>>>>           if (xen_obj->pages) {
>>>> @@ -158,6 +195,13 @@ void
>>>> xen_drm_front_gem_free_object_unlocked(struct drm_gem_object *gem_obj)
>>>>                               xen_obj->pages);
>>>>                   gem_free_pages_array(xen_obj);
>>>>               } else {
>>>> +                if (xen_obj->sgt) {
>>>> + dma_unmap_sg(xen_obj->base.dev->dev,
>>>> +                             xen_obj->sgt->sgl,
>>>> +                             xen_obj->sgt->nents,
>>>> +                             DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL);
>>>> +                    sg_free_table(xen_obj->sgt);
>>>> +                }
>>>>                   drm_gem_put_pages(&xen_obj->base,
>>>>                             xen_obj->pages, true, false);
>>>>               }
>>>> @@ -174,16 +218,6 @@ struct page
>>>> **xen_drm_front_gem_get_pages(struct drm_gem_object *gem_obj)
>>>>       return xen_obj->pages;
>>>>   }
>>>>   -struct sg_table *xen_drm_front_gem_get_sg_table(struct
>>>> drm_gem_object *gem_obj)
>>>> -{
>>>> -    struct xen_gem_object *xen_obj = to_xen_gem_obj(gem_obj);
>>>> -
>>>> -    if (!xen_obj->pages)
>>>> -        return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
>>>> -
>>>> -    return drm_prime_pages_to_sg(xen_obj->pages, xen_obj->num_pages);
>>>> -}
>>>> -
>>>>   struct drm_gem_object *
>>>>   xen_drm_front_gem_import_sg_table(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>>                     struct dma_buf_attachment *attach,
>>>> @@ -203,7 +237,7 @@ xen_drm_front_gem_import_sg_table(struct
>>>> drm_device *dev,
>>>>       if (ret < 0)
>>>>           return ERR_PTR(ret);
>>>>   -    xen_obj->sgt_imported = sgt;
>>>> +    xen_obj->sgt = sgt;
>>>>         ret = drm_prime_sg_to_page_addr_arrays(sgt, xen_obj->pages,
>>>>                              NULL, xen_obj->num_pages);
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> dri-devel mailing list
>>> dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
>>> https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
>>
>> Thank you,
>>
>> Oleksandr
>>
>> [1]
>> https://www.mail-archive.com/xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org/msg31745.html
>>
Thank you,
Oleksandr

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