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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] mm: introduce put_user_page*(), placeholder versions
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On 12/19/18 3:08 AM, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Tue 18-12-18 21:07:24, Jerome Glisse wrote:
>> On Tue, Dec 18, 2018 at 03:29:34PM -0800, John Hubbard wrote:
>>> OK, so let's take another look at Jerome's _mapcount idea all by itself (using
>>> *only* the tracking pinned pages aspect), given that it is the lightest weight
>>> solution for that.
>>>
>>> So as I understand it, this would use page->_mapcount to store both the real
>>> mapcount, and the dma pinned count (simply added together), but only do so for
>>> file-backed (non-anonymous) pages:
>>>
>>>
>>> __get_user_pages()
>>> {
>>> ...
>>> get_page(page);
>>>
>>> if (!PageAnon)
>>> atomic_inc(page->_mapcount);
>>> ...
>>> }
>>>
>>> put_user_page(struct page *page)
>>> {
>>> ...
>>> if (!PageAnon)
>>> atomic_dec(&page->_mapcount);
>>>
>>> put_page(page);
>>> ...
>>> }
>>>
>>> ...and then in the various consumers of the DMA pinned count, we use page_mapped(page)
>>> to see if any mapcount remains, and if so, we treat it as DMA pinned. Is that what you
>>> had in mind?
>>
>> Mostly, with the extra two observations:
>> [1] We only need to know the pin count when a write back kicks in
>> [2] We need to protect GUP code with wait_for_write_back() in case
>> GUP is racing with a write back that might not the see the
>> elevated mapcount in time.
>>
>> So for [2]
>>
>> __get_user_pages()
>> {
>> get_page(page);
>>
>> if (!PageAnon) {
>> atomic_inc(page->_mapcount);
>> + if (PageWriteback(page)) {
>> + // Assume we are racing and curent write back will not see
>> + // the elevated mapcount so wait for current write back and
>> + // force page fault
>> + wait_on_page_writeback(page);
>> + // force slow path that will fault again
>> + }
>> }
>> }
>
> This is not needed AFAICT. __get_user_pages() gets page reference (and it
> should also increment page->_mapcount) under PTE lock. So at that point we
> are sure we have writeable PTE nobody can change. So page_mkclean() has to
> block on PTE lock to make PTE read-only and only after going through all
> PTEs like this, it can check page->_mapcount. So the PTE lock provides
> enough synchronization.
>
>> For [1] only needing pin count during write back turns page_mkclean into
>> the perfect spot to check for that so:
>>
>> int page_mkclean(struct page *page)
>> {
>> int cleaned = 0;
>> + int real_mapcount = 0;
>> struct address_space *mapping;
>> struct rmap_walk_control rwc = {
>> .arg = (void *)&cleaned,
>> .rmap_one = page_mkclean_one,
>> .invalid_vma = invalid_mkclean_vma,
>> + .mapcount = &real_mapcount,
>> };
>>
>> BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
>>
>> if (!page_mapped(page))
>> return 0;
>>
>> mapping = page_mapping(page);
>> if (!mapping)
>> return 0;
>>
>> // rmap_walk need to change to count mapping and return value
>> // in .mapcount easy one
>> rmap_walk(page, &rwc);
>>
>> // Big fat comment to explain what is going on
>> + if ((page_mapcount(page) - real_mapcount) > 0) {
>> + SetPageDMAPined(page);
>> + } else {
>> + ClearPageDMAPined(page);
>> + }
>
> This is the detail I'm not sure about: Why cannot rmap_walk_file() race
> with e.g. zap_pte_range() which decrements page->_mapcount and thus the
> check we do in page_mkclean() is wrong?

Right. This looks like a dead end, after all. We can't lock a whole chunk
of "all these are mapped, hold still while we count you" pages. It's not
designed to allow that at all.

IMHO, we are now back to something like dynamic_page, which provides an
independent dma pinned count.

--
thanks,
John Hubbard
NVIDIA

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