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SubjectRe: [PATCH kernel v7 20/20] vfio_pci: Add NVIDIA GV100GL [Tesla V100 SXM2] subdriver
On Fri, 21 Dec 2018 12:50:00 +1100
Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:

> On 21/12/2018 12:37, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Fri, 21 Dec 2018 12:23:16 +1100
> > Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:
> >
> >> On 21/12/2018 03:46, Alex Williamson wrote:
> >>> On Thu, 20 Dec 2018 19:23:50 +1100
> >>> Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:
> >>>
> >>>> POWER9 Witherspoon machines come with 4 or 6 V100 GPUs which are not
> >>>> pluggable PCIe devices but still have PCIe links which are used
> >>>> for config space and MMIO. In addition to that the GPUs have 6 NVLinks
> >>>> which are connected to other GPUs and the POWER9 CPU. POWER9 chips
> >>>> have a special unit on a die called an NPU which is an NVLink2 host bus
> >>>> adapter with p2p connections to 2 to 3 GPUs, 3 or 2 NVLinks to each.
> >>>> These systems also support ATS (address translation services) which is
> >>>> a part of the NVLink2 protocol. Such GPUs also share on-board RAM
> >>>> (16GB or 32GB) to the system via the same NVLink2 so a CPU has
> >>>> cache-coherent access to a GPU RAM.
> >>>>
> >>>> This exports GPU RAM to the userspace as a new VFIO device region. This
> >>>> preregisters the new memory as device memory as it might be used for DMA.
> >>>> This inserts pfns from the fault handler as the GPU memory is not onlined
> >>>> until the vendor driver is loaded and trained the NVLinks so doing this
> >>>> earlier causes low level errors which we fence in the firmware so
> >>>> it does not hurt the host system but still better be avoided; for the same
> >>>> reason this does not map GPU RAM into the host kernel (usual thing for
> >>>> emulated access otherwise).
> >>>>
> >>>> This exports an ATSD (Address Translation Shootdown) register of NPU which
> >>>> allows TLB invalidations inside GPU for an operating system. The register
> >>>> conveniently occupies a single 64k page. It is also presented to
> >>>> the userspace as a new VFIO device region. One NPU has 8 ATSD registers,
> >>>> each of them can be used for TLB invalidation in a GPU linked to this NPU.
> >>>> This allocates one ATSD register per an NVLink bridge allowing passing
> >>>> up to 6 registers. Due to the host firmware bug (just recently fixed),
> >>>> only 1 ATSD register per NPU was actually advertised to the host system
> >>>> so this passes that alone register via the first NVLink bridge device in
> >>>> the group which is still enough as QEMU collects them all back and
> >>>> presents to the guest via vPHB to mimic the emulated NPU PHB on the host.
> >>>>
> >>>> In order to provide the userspace with the information about GPU-to-NVLink
> >>>> connections, this exports an additional capability called "tgt"
> >>>> (which is an abbreviated host system bus address). The "tgt" property
> >>>> tells the GPU its own system address and allows the guest driver to
> >>>> conglomerate the routing information so each GPU knows how to get directly
> >>>> to the other GPUs.
> >>>>
> >>>> For ATS to work, the nest MMU (an NVIDIA block in a P9 CPU) needs to
> >>>> know LPID (a logical partition ID or a KVM guest hardware ID in other
> >>>> words) and PID (a memory context ID of a userspace process, not to be
> >>>> confused with a linux pid). This assigns a GPU to LPID in the NPU and
> >>>> this is why this adds a listener for KVM on an IOMMU group. A PID comes
> >>>> via NVLink from a GPU and NPU uses a PID wildcard to pass it through.
> >>>>
> >>>> This requires coherent memory and ATSD to be available on the host as
> >>>> the GPU vendor only supports configurations with both features enabled
> >>>> and other configurations are known not to work. Because of this and
> >>>> because of the ways the features are advertised to the host system
> >>>> (which is a device tree with very platform specific properties),
> >>>> this requires enabled POWERNV platform.
> >>>>
> >>>> The V100 GPUs do not advertise any of these capabilities via the config
> >>>> space and there are more than just one device ID so this relies on
> >>>> the platform to tell whether these GPUs have special abilities such as
> >>>> NVLinks.
> >>>>
> >>>> Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru>
> >>>> ---
> >>>> Changes:
> >>>> v6.1:
> >>>> * fixed outdated comment about VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_LNKSPD
> >>>>
> >>>> v6:
> >>>> * reworked capabilities - tgt for nvlink and gpu and link-speed
> >>>> for nvlink only
> >>>>
> >>>> v5:
> >>>> * do not memremap GPU RAM for emulation, map it only when it is needed
> >>>> * allocate 1 ATSD register per NVLink bridge, if none left, then expose
> >>>> the region with a zero size
> >>>> * separate caps per device type
> >>>> * addressed AW review comments
> >>>>
> >>>> v4:
> >>>> * added nvlink-speed to the NPU bridge capability as this turned out to
> >>>> be not a constant value
> >>>> * instead of looking at the exact device ID (which also changes from system
> >>>> to system), now this (indirectly) looks at the device tree to know
> >>>> if GPU and NPU support NVLink
> >>>>
> >>>> v3:
> >>>> * reworded the commit log about tgt
> >>>> * added tracepoints (do we want them enabled for entire vfio-pci?)
> >>>> * added code comments
> >>>> * added write|mmap flags to the new regions
> >>>> * auto enabled VFIO_PCI_NVLINK2 config option
> >>>> * added 'tgt' capability to a GPU so QEMU can recreate ibm,npu and ibm,gpu
> >>>> references; there are required by the NVIDIA driver
> >>>> * keep notifier registered only for short time
> >>>> ---
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/Makefile | 1 +
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/trace.h | 102 ++++++
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_private.h | 14 +
> >>>> include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 37 +++
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 27 +-
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_nvlink2.c | 482 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>>> drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig | 6 +
> >>>> 7 files changed, 667 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >>>> create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/pci/trace.h
> >>>> create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci_nvlink2.c
> >>>>
> >>> ...
> >>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >>>> index 8131028..5562587 100644
> >>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >>>> @@ -353,6 +353,21 @@ struct vfio_region_gfx_edid {
> >>>> #define VFIO_DEVICE_GFX_LINK_STATE_DOWN 2
> >>>> };
> >>>>
> >>>> +/*
> >>>> + * 10de vendor sub-type
> >>>> + *
> >>>> + * NVIDIA GPU NVlink2 RAM is coherent RAM mapped onto the host address space.
> >>>> + */
> >>>> +#define VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_NVIDIA_NVLINK2_RAM (1)
> >>>> +
> >>>> +/*
> >>>> + * 1014 vendor sub-type
> >>>> + *
> >>>> + * IBM NPU NVlink2 ATSD (Address Translation Shootdown) register of NPU
> >>>> + * to do TLB invalidation on a GPU.
> >>>> + */
> >>>> +#define VFIO_REGION_SUBTYPE_IBM_NVLINK2_ATSD (1)
> >>>> +
> >>>> /*
> >>>> * The MSIX mappable capability informs that MSIX data of a BAR can be mmapped
> >>>> * which allows direct access to non-MSIX registers which happened to be within
> >>>> @@ -363,6 +378,28 @@ struct vfio_region_gfx_edid {
> >>>> */
> >>>> #define VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_MSIX_MAPPABLE 3
> >>>>
> >>>> +/*
> >>>> + * Capability with compressed real address (aka SSA - small system address)
> >>>> + * where GPU RAM is mapped on a system bus. Used by a GPU for DMA routing.
> >>>> + */
> >>>> +#define VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_SSATGT 4
> >>>> +
> >>>> +struct vfio_region_info_cap_nvlink2_ssatgt {
> >>>> + struct vfio_info_cap_header header;
> >>>> + __u64 tgt;
> >>>> +};
> >>>> +
> >>>> +/*
> >>>> + * Capability with an NVLink link speed.
> >>>> + */
> >>>
> >>> I was really hoping for something more like SSATGT above indicating the
> >>> intended users and purpose, and an update to SSATGT since it's now used
> >>> by both the GPU and NPU2. This comment is correct, but it's basically
> >>> useless, it doesn't provide any information that isn't readily apparent
> >>> from the structure definition. AIUI, SSATGT is used not only for the
> >>> GPU to determine where its RAM is mapped on the system bus, but also by
> >>> the NPU2 to associate itself to a GPU, right?
> >>
> >> Correct. It could be improved by
> >>
> >> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >> index 5562587..ff238ef9c 100644
> >> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> >> @@ -380,7 +380,8 @@ struct vfio_region_gfx_edid {
> >>
> >> /*
> >> * Capability with compressed real address (aka SSA - small system address)
> >> - * where GPU RAM is mapped on a system bus. Used by a GPU for DMA routing.
> >> + * where GPU RAM is mapped on a system bus. Used by a GPU for DMA routing
> >> + * and by the userspace to associate a NVLink bridge with a GPU.
> >> */
> >> #define VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_NVLINK2_SSATGT 4
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>> And the link speed here
> >>> is consumed by the NPU2 in order to fill in DT information for the
> >>> guest for compatibility and possibly routing optimizations?
> >>
> >>
> >> It is just some speed number, 8 or 9, one works and the other does not,
> >> depending on the actual system. The NVIDIA driver handles it in the
> >> binary blob. The existing comment is not much use but I am really not
> >> sure what other comment could be useful in here.
> >
> > So why do we need to expose it? "Exposed on NPU2 devices for userspace
> > to export to guest VM via DT(?) or else <something bad happens/doesn't
> > work> in the guest". Work with me, there must be some justification
> > for why it gets exposed, not just what it is. Thanks,
>
>
> How about this?
>
> /*
> * Capability with an NVLink link speed. The value is read by
> * the NVlink2 bridge driver from the bridge's "ibm,nvlink-speed"
> * property in the device tree. The value is fixed in the hardware
> * and failing to provide the correct value results in the link
> * not working with no indication from the driver why.
> */

I'll take it. With the above two changes,

Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>

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