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Subject[PATCH v3] mm/page_owner: fix for deferred struct page init
Date
When booting a system with "page_owner=on",

start_kernel
page_ext_init
invoke_init_callbacks
init_section_page_ext
init_page_owner
init_early_allocated_pages
init_zones_in_node
init_pages_in_zone
lookup_page_ext
page_to_nid

The issue here is that page_to_nid() will not work since some page
flags have no node information until later in page_alloc_init_late() due
to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. Hence, it could trigger an out-of-bounds
access with an invalid nid.

[ 8.666047] UBSAN: Undefined behaviour in ./include/linux/mm.h:1104:50
[ 8.672603] index 7 is out of range for type 'zone [5]'

Also, kernel will panic since flags were poisoned earlier with,

CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS=y
CONFIG_NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS=n

start_kernel
setup_arch
pagetable_init
paging_init
sparse_init
sparse_init_nid
memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw

Although later it tries to set page flags for pages in reserved bootmem
regions,

mm_init
mem_init
memblock_free_all
free_low_memory_core_early
reserve_bootmem_region

there could still have some freed pages from the page allocator but yet
to be initialized due to DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT. It have already been
dealt with a bit in page_ext_init().

* Take into account DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
*/
if (early_pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
continue;

However, it did not handle it well in init_pages_in_zone() which end up
calling page_to_nid().

[ 11.917212] page:ffffea0004200000 is uninitialized and poisoned
[ 11.917220] raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff
ffffffffffffffff
[ 11.921745] raw: ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff ffffffffffffffff
ffffffffffffffff
[ 11.924523] page dumped because: VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PagePoisoned(p))
[ 11.926498] page_owner info is not active (free page?)
[ 12.329560] kernel BUG at include/linux/mm.h:990!
[ 12.337632] RIP: 0010:init_page_owner+0x486/0x520

Since there is no other routines depend on page_ext_init() in
start_kernel(), just move it after page_alloc_init_late() to ensure that
there is no deferred pages need to de dealt with. If deselected
DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT, it is still better to call page_ext_init()
earlier, so page owner could catch more early page allocation call
sites. This gives us a good compromise between catching good and bad
call sites (See the v1 patch [1]) in case of DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181220060303.38686-1-cai@lca.pw/

Fixes: fe53ca54270 (mm: use early_pfn_to_nid in page_ext_init)
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
---

v3: still call page_ext_init() earlier if DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT=n.

v2: postpone page_ext_init() to after page_alloc_init_late().

init/main.c | 5 +++++
mm/page_ext.c | 3 +--
2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index 2b7b7fe173c9..5d9904370f76 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -696,7 +696,9 @@ asmlinkage __visible void __init start_kernel(void)
initrd_start = 0;
}
#endif
+#ifndef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
page_ext_init();
+#endif
kmemleak_init();
setup_per_cpu_pageset();
numa_policy_init();
@@ -1147,6 +1149,9 @@ static noinline void __init kernel_init_freeable(void)
sched_init_smp();

page_alloc_init_late();
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
+ page_ext_init();
+#endif

do_basic_setup();

diff --git a/mm/page_ext.c b/mm/page_ext.c
index ae44f7adbe07..d76fd51e312a 100644
--- a/mm/page_ext.c
+++ b/mm/page_ext.c
@@ -399,9 +399,8 @@ void __init page_ext_init(void)
* -------------pfn-------------->
* N0 | N1 | N2 | N0 | N1 | N2|....
*
- * Take into account DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
*/
- if (early_pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
+ if (pfn_to_nid(pfn) != nid)
continue;
if (init_section_page_ext(pfn, nid))
goto oom;
--
2.17.2 (Apple Git-113)
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