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SubjectRe: [REPOST PATCH v6 2/4] kgdb: Fix kgdb_roundup_cpus() for arches who used smp_call_function()
On Tue, Dec 04, 2018 at 07:38:26PM -0800, Douglas Anderson wrote:
> When I had lockdep turned on and dropped into kgdb I got a nice splat
> on my system. Specifically it hit:
> DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context)
>
> Specifically it looked like this:
> sysrq: SysRq : DEBUG
> ------------[ cut here ]------------
> DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context)
> WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 0 at .../kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2875 lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
> CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.19.0 #27
> pstate: 604003c9 (nZCv DAIF +PAN -UAO)
> pc : lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
> ...
> Call trace:
> lockdep_hardirqs_on+0xf0/0x160
> trace_hardirqs_on+0x188/0x1ac
> kgdb_roundup_cpus+0x14/0x3c
> kgdb_cpu_enter+0x53c/0x5cc
> kgdb_handle_exception+0x180/0x1d4
> kgdb_compiled_brk_fn+0x30/0x3c
> brk_handler+0x134/0x178
> do_debug_exception+0xfc/0x178
> el1_dbg+0x18/0x78
> kgdb_breakpoint+0x34/0x58
> sysrq_handle_dbg+0x54/0x5c
> __handle_sysrq+0x114/0x21c
> handle_sysrq+0x30/0x3c
> qcom_geni_serial_isr+0x2dc/0x30c
> ...
> ...
> irq event stamp: ...45
> hardirqs last enabled at (...44): [...] __do_softirq+0xd8/0x4e4
> hardirqs last disabled at (...45): [...] el1_irq+0x74/0x130
> softirqs last enabled at (...42): [...] _local_bh_enable+0x2c/0x34
> softirqs last disabled at (...43): [...] irq_exit+0xa8/0x100
> ---[ end trace adf21f830c46e638 ]---
>
> Looking closely at it, it seems like a really bad idea to be calling
> local_irq_enable() in kgdb_roundup_cpus(). If nothing else that seems
> like it could violate spinlock semantics and cause a deadlock.
>
> Instead, let's use a private csd alongside
> smp_call_function_single_async() to round up the other CPUs. Using
> smp_call_function_single_async() doesn't require interrupts to be
> enabled so we can remove the offending bit of code.
>
> In order to avoid duplicating this across all the architectures that
> use the default kgdb_roundup_cpus(), we'll add a "weak" implementation
> to debug_core.c.
>
> Looking at all the people who previously had copies of this code,
> there were a few variants. I've attempted to keep the variants
> working like they used to. Specifically:
> * For arch/arc we passed NULL to kgdb_nmicallback() instead of
> get_irq_regs().
> * For arch/mips there was a bit of extra code around
> kgdb_nmicallback()
>
> NOTE: In this patch we will still get into trouble if we try to round
> up a CPU that failed to round up before. We'll try to round it up
> again and potentially hang when we try to grab the csd lock. That's
> not new behavior but we'll still try to do better in a future patch.
>
> Suggested-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Cc: Richard Kuo <rkuo@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@mips.com>
> Cc: James Hogan <jhogan@kernel.org>
> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

I've not heard any objections from the arch/ maintainers so...

Applied! Thanks.


> -
> ---
>
> Changes in v6:
> - Moved smp_call_function_single_async() error check to patch 3.
>
> Changes in v5:
> - Add a comment about get_irq_regs().
> - get_cpu() => raw_smp_processor_id() in kgdb_roundup_cpus().
> - for_each_cpu() => for_each_online_cpu()
> - Error check smp_call_function_single_async()
>
> Changes in v4: None
> Changes in v3:
> - No separate init call.
> - Don't round up the CPU that is doing the rounding up.
> - Add "#ifdef CONFIG_SMP" to match the rest of the file.
> - Updated desc saying we don't solve the "failed to roundup" case.
> - Document the ignored parameter.
>
> Changes in v2:
> - Removing irq flags separated from fixing lockdep splat.
> - Don't use smp_call_function (Daniel).
>
> arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c | 10 ++--------
> arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c | 12 -----------
> arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c | 12 -----------
> arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c | 27 -------------------------
> arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c | 9 +--------
> arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c | 4 ++--
> arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c | 12 -----------
> include/linux/kgdb.h | 15 ++++++++++++--
> kernel/debug/debug_core.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 9 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
> index 0932851028e0..68d9fe4b5aa7 100644
> --- a/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/arc/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -192,18 +192,12 @@ void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip)
> instruction_pointer(regs) = ip;
> }
>
> -static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> +void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> {
> + /* Default implementation passes get_irq_regs() but we don't */
> kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), NULL);
> }
>
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -
> struct kgdb_arch arch_kgdb_ops = {
> /* breakpoint instruction: TRAP_S 0x3 */
> #ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
> index f21077b077be..d9a69e941463 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -170,18 +170,6 @@ static struct undef_hook kgdb_compiled_brkpt_hook = {
> .fn = kgdb_compiled_brk_fn
> };
>
> -static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> -{
> - kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> -}
> -
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -
> static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
> {
> struct pt_regs *regs = args->regs;
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
> index 12c339ff6e75..da880247c734 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -284,18 +284,6 @@ static struct step_hook kgdb_step_hook = {
> .fn = kgdb_step_brk_fn
> };
>
> -static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> -{
> - kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> -}
> -
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -
> static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
> {
> struct pt_regs *regs = args->regs;
> diff --git a/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
> index 012e0e230ac2..b95d12038a4e 100644
> --- a/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/hexagon/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -115,33 +115,6 @@ void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc)
> instruction_pointer(regs) = pc;
> }
>
> -#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> -
> -/**
> - * kgdb_roundup_cpus - Get other CPUs into a holding pattern
> - *
> - * On SMP systems, we need to get the attention of the other CPUs
> - * and get them be in a known state. This should do what is needed
> - * to get the other CPUs to call kgdb_wait(). Note that on some arches,
> - * the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs. For example,
> - * in case of MIPS, smp_call_function() is used to roundup CPUs.
> - *
> - * On non-SMP systems, this is not called.
> - */
> -
> -static void hexagon_kgdb_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> -{
> - kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> -}
> -
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(hexagon_kgdb_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -#endif
> -
>
> /* Not yet working */
> void sleeping_thread_to_gdb_regs(unsigned long *gdb_regs,
> diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
> index 2b05effc17b4..42f057a6c215 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ void arch_kgdb_breakpoint(void)
> ".set\treorder");
> }
>
> -static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> +void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> {
> mm_segment_t old_fs;
>
> @@ -219,13 +219,6 @@ static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> set_fs(old_fs);
> }
>
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -
> static int compute_signal(int tt)
> {
> struct hard_trap_info *ht;
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
> index b0e804844be0..b4ce54d73337 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ int kgdb_skipexception(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs)
> return kgdb_isremovedbreak(regs->nip);
> }
>
> -static int kgdb_call_nmi_hook(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +static int kgdb_debugger_ipi(struct pt_regs *regs)
> {
> kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), regs);
> return 0;
> @@ -502,7 +502,7 @@ int kgdb_arch_init(void)
> old__debugger_break_match = __debugger_break_match;
> old__debugger_fault_handler = __debugger_fault_handler;
>
> - __debugger_ipi = kgdb_call_nmi_hook;
> + __debugger_ipi = kgdb_debugger_ipi;
> __debugger = kgdb_debugger;
> __debugger_bpt = kgdb_handle_breakpoint;
> __debugger_sstep = kgdb_singlestep;
> diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
> index cc57630f6bf2..14e012ad7c57 100644
> --- a/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
> +++ b/arch/sh/kernel/kgdb.c
> @@ -314,18 +314,6 @@ BUILD_TRAP_HANDLER(singlestep)
> local_irq_restore(flags);
> }
>
> -static void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> -{
> - kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> -}
> -
> -void kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> -{
> - local_irq_enable();
> - smp_call_function(kgdb_call_nmi_hook, NULL, 0);
> - local_irq_disable();
> -}
> -
> static int __kgdb_notify(struct die_args *args, unsigned long cmd)
> {
> int ret;
> diff --git a/include/linux/kgdb.h b/include/linux/kgdb.h
> index 05e5b2eb0d32..24422865cd18 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kgdb.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kgdb.h
> @@ -176,14 +176,25 @@ kgdb_arch_handle_exception(int vector, int signo, int err_code,
> char *remcom_out_buffer,
> struct pt_regs *regs);
>
> +/**
> + * kgdb_call_nmi_hook - Call kgdb_nmicallback() on the current CPU
> + * @ignored: This parameter is only here to match the prototype.
> + *
> + * If you're using the default implementation of kgdb_roundup_cpus()
> + * this function will be called per CPU. If you don't implement
> + * kgdb_call_nmi_hook() a default will be used.
> + */
> +
> +extern void kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored);
> +
> /**
> * kgdb_roundup_cpus - Get other CPUs into a holding pattern
> *
> * On SMP systems, we need to get the attention of the other CPUs
> * and get them into a known state. This should do what is needed
> * to get the other CPUs to call kgdb_wait(). Note that on some arches,
> - * the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs. For example,
> - * in case of MIPS, smp_call_function() is used to roundup CPUs.
> + * the NMI approach is not used for rounding up all the CPUs. Normally
> + * those architectures can just not implement this and get the default.
> *
> * On non-SMP systems, this is not called.
> */
> diff --git a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
> index f3cadda45f07..10db2833a423 100644
> --- a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
> +++ b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
> @@ -55,6 +55,7 @@
> #include <linux/mm.h>
> #include <linux/vmacache.h>
> #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
> +#include <linux/irq.h>
>
> #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> #include <asm/byteorder.h>
> @@ -220,6 +221,46 @@ int __weak kgdb_skipexception(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> +
> +/*
> + * Default (weak) implementation for kgdb_roundup_cpus
> + */
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, kgdb_roundup_csd);
> +
> +void __weak kgdb_call_nmi_hook(void *ignored)
> +{
> + /*
> + * NOTE: get_irq_regs() is supposed to get the registers from
> + * before the IPI interrupt happened and so is supposed to
> + * show where the processor was. In some situations it's
> + * possible we might be called without an IPI, so it might be
> + * safer to figure out how to make kgdb_breakpoint() work
> + * properly here.
> + */
> + kgdb_nmicallback(raw_smp_processor_id(), get_irq_regs());
> +}
> +
> +void __weak kgdb_roundup_cpus(void)
> +{
> + call_single_data_t *csd;
> + int this_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> + /* No need to roundup ourselves */
> + if (cpu == this_cpu)
> + continue;
> +
> + csd = &per_cpu(kgdb_roundup_csd, cpu);
> + csd->func = kgdb_call_nmi_hook;
> + smp_call_function_single_async(cpu, csd);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * Some architectures need cache flushes when we set/clear a
> * breakpoint:
> --
> 2.20.0.rc1.387.gf8505762e3-goog
>

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