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SubjectRe: [PATCH v10 04/27] PM / Domains: Add genpd governor for CPUs
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On 29/11/2018 18:46, Ulf Hansson wrote:
> As it's now perfectly possible that a PM domain managed by genpd contains
> devices belonging to CPUs, we should start to take into account the
> residency values for the idle states during the state selection process.
> The residency value specifies the minimum duration of time, the CPU or a
> group of CPUs, needs to spend in an idle state to not waste energy entering
> it.
>
> To deal with this, let's add a new genpd governor, pm_domain_cpu_gov, that
> may be used for a PM domain that have CPU devices attached or if the CPUs
> are attached through subdomains.
>
> The new governor computes the minimum expected idle duration time for the
> online CPUs being attached to the PM domain and its subdomains. Then in the
> state selection process, trying the deepest state first, it verifies that
> the idle duration time satisfies the state's residency value.
>
> It should be noted that, when computing the minimum expected idle duration
> time, we use the information from tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(), to find the
> next wakeup for the related CPUs. Future wise, this may deserve to be
> improved, as there are more reasons to why a CPU may be woken up from idle.
>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> Cc: Lina Iyer <ilina@codeaurora.org>
> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> Co-developed-by: Lina Iyer <lina.iyer@linaro.org>
> Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> ---
>
> Changes in v10:
> - Fold in patch that extended the new genpd CPU governor to cope with
> QoS constraints, as to avoid confusion.
> - Simplified the code according to suggestions from Rafael.
>
> ---
> drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/pm_domain.h | 3 ++
> 2 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> index 99896fbf18e4..61a7c3c03c98 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
> @@ -10,6 +10,9 @@
> #include <linux/pm_domain.h>
> #include <linux/pm_qos.h>
> #include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +#include <linux/ktime.h>
> +#include <linux/tick.h>
>
> static int dev_update_qos_constraint(struct device *dev, void *data)
> {
> @@ -211,8 +214,10 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
> struct gpd_link *link;
>
> - if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed)
> + if (!genpd->max_off_time_changed) {
> + genpd->state_idx = genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx;
> return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
> + }
>
> /*
> * We have to invalidate the cached results for the masters, so
> @@ -237,6 +242,7 @@ static bool default_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> genpd->state_idx--;
> }
>
> + genpd->cached_power_down_state_idx = genpd->state_idx;
> return genpd->cached_power_down_ok;
> }
>
> @@ -245,6 +251,54 @@ static bool always_on_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *domain)
> return false;
> }
>
> +static bool cpu_power_down_ok(struct dev_pm_domain *pd)
> +{
> + struct generic_pm_domain *genpd = pd_to_genpd(pd);
> + ktime_t domain_wakeup, cpu_wakeup;
> + s64 idle_duration_ns;
> + int cpu, i;
> +
> + /* Validate dev PM QoS constraints. */
> + if (!default_power_down_ok(pd))
> + return false;
> +
> + if (!(genpd->flags & GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN))
> + return true;

Is it possible to have this function called without the
GENPD_FLAG_CPU_DOMAIN flag set in the genpd?

> + /*
> + * Find the next wakeup for any of the online CPUs within the PM domain
> + * and its subdomains. Note, we only need the genpd->cpus, as it already
> + * contains a mask of all CPUs from subdomains.
> + */
> + domain_wakeup = ktime_set(KTIME_SEC_MAX, 0);
> + for_each_cpu_and(cpu, genpd->cpus, cpu_online_mask) {
> + cpu_wakeup = tick_nohz_get_next_wakeup(cpu);
> + if (ktime_before(cpu_wakeup, domain_wakeup))
> + domain_wakeup = cpu_wakeup;
> + }
> +
> + /* The minimum idle duration is from now - until the next wakeup. */
> + idle_duration_ns = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(domain_wakeup, ktime_get()));
> + if (idle_duration_ns <= 0)
> + return false;
> +
> + /*
> + * Find the deepest idle state that has its residency value satisfied
> + * and by also taking into account the power off latency for the state.
> + * Start at the state picked by the dev PM QoS constraint validation.
> + */
> + i = genpd->state_idx;
> + do {
> + if (idle_duration_ns >= (genpd->states[i].residency_ns +
> + genpd->states[i].power_off_latency_ns)) {
> + genpd->state_idx = i;
> + return true;
> + }
> + } while (--i >= 0);
> +
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor = {
> .suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
> .power_down_ok = default_power_down_ok,
> @@ -257,3 +311,8 @@ struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov = {
> .power_down_ok = always_on_power_down_ok,
> .suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
> };
> +
> +struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov = {
> + .suspend_ok = default_suspend_ok,
> + .power_down_ok = cpu_power_down_ok,
> +};
> diff --git a/include/linux/pm_domain.h b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> index 5a4673605d22..969a9b36c0db 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pm_domain.h
> @@ -116,6 +116,7 @@ struct generic_pm_domain {
> s64 max_off_time_ns; /* Maximum allowed "suspended" time. */
> bool max_off_time_changed;
> bool cached_power_down_ok;
> + bool cached_power_down_state_idx;
> int (*attach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
> struct device *dev);
> void (*detach_dev)(struct generic_pm_domain *domain,
> @@ -195,6 +196,7 @@ int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev, unsigned int state);
>
> extern struct dev_power_governor simple_qos_governor;
> extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_always_on_gov;
> +extern struct dev_power_governor pm_domain_cpu_gov;
> #else
>
> static inline struct generic_pm_domain_data *dev_gpd_data(struct device *dev)
> @@ -238,6 +240,7 @@ static inline int dev_pm_genpd_set_performance_state(struct device *dev,
>
> #define simple_qos_governor (*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
> #define pm_domain_always_on_gov (*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
> +#define pm_domain_cpu_gov (*(struct dev_power_governor *)(NULL))
> #endif
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_PM_GENERIC_DOMAINS_SLEEP
>


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