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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v4 06/13] vfio: parallelize vfio_pin_map_dma
On Mon,  5 Nov 2018 11:55:51 -0500
Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com> wrote:

> When starting a large-memory kvm guest, it takes an excessively long
> time to start the boot process because qemu must pin all guest pages to
> accommodate DMA when VFIO is in use. Currently just one CPU is
> responsible for the page pinning, which usually boils down to page
> clearing time-wise, so the ways to optimize this are buying a faster
> CPU ;-) or using more of the CPUs you already have.
>
> Parallelize with ktask. Refactor so workqueue workers pin with the mm
> of the calling thread, and to enable an undo callback for ktask to
> handle errors during page pinning.
>
> Performance results appear later in the series.
>
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
> ---
> drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 106 +++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 1 file changed, 76 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index d9fd3188615d..e7cfbf0c8071 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
> #include <linux/notifier.h>
> #include <linux/dma-iommu.h>
> #include <linux/irqdomain.h>
> +#include <linux/ktask.h>
>
> #define DRIVER_VERSION "0.2"
> #define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> @@ -395,7 +396,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
> */
> static long vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> long npage, unsigned long *pfn_base,
> - unsigned long limit)
> + unsigned long limit, struct mm_struct *mm)
> {
> unsigned long pfn = 0;
> long ret, pinned = 0, lock_acct = 0;
> @@ -403,10 +404,10 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> dma_addr_t iova = vaddr - dma->vaddr + dma->iova;
>
> /* This code path is only user initiated */
> - if (!current->mm)
> + if (!mm)
> return -ENODEV;
>
> - ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, dma->prot, pfn_base);
> + ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, dma->prot, pfn_base);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> @@ -418,7 +419,7 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> * pages are already counted against the user.
> */
> if (!rsvd && !vfio_find_vpfn(dma, iova)) {
> - if (!dma->lock_cap && current->mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> + if (!dma->lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> put_pfn(*pfn_base, dma->prot);
> pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
> limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -433,7 +434,7 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> /* Lock all the consecutive pages from pfn_base */
> for (vaddr += PAGE_SIZE, iova += PAGE_SIZE; pinned < npage;
> pinned++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE, iova += PAGE_SIZE) {
> - ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, dma->prot, &pfn);
> + ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, dma->prot, &pfn);
> if (ret)
> break;
>
> @@ -445,7 +446,7 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>
> if (!rsvd && !vfio_find_vpfn(dma, iova)) {
> if (!dma->lock_cap &&
> - current->mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
> + mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
> put_pfn(pfn, dma->prot);
> pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
> __func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -752,15 +753,15 @@ static size_t unmap_unpin_slow(struct vfio_domain *domain,
> }
>
> static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> + dma_addr_t iova, dma_addr_t end,
> bool do_accounting)
> {
> - dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova, end = dma->iova + dma->size;
> struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
> LIST_HEAD(unmapped_region_list);
> int unmapped_region_cnt = 0;
> long unlocked = 0;
>
> - if (!dma->size)
> + if (iova == end)
> return 0;
>
> if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
> @@ -777,7 +778,7 @@ static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> struct vfio_domain, next);
>
> list_for_each_entry_continue(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
> - iommu_unmap(d->domain, dma->iova, dma->size);
> + iommu_unmap(d->domain, iova, end - iova);
> cond_resched();
> }
>
> @@ -818,8 +819,6 @@ static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> }
> }
>
> - dma->iommu_mapped = false;
> -
> if (unmapped_region_cnt)
> unlocked += vfio_sync_unpin(dma, domain, &unmapped_region_list);
>
> @@ -830,14 +829,21 @@ static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> return unlocked;
> }
>
> -static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> +static void vfio_remove_dma_finish(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> + struct vfio_dma *dma)
> {
> - vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, true);
> + dma->iommu_mapped = false;
> vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
> put_task_struct(dma->task);
> kfree(dma);
> }
>
> +static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> +{
> + vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, dma->iova, dma->iova + dma->size, true);
> + vfio_remove_dma_finish(iommu, dma);
> +}
> +
> static unsigned long vfio_pgsize_bitmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> {
> struct vfio_domain *domain;
> @@ -1031,20 +1037,29 @@ static int vfio_iommu_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, dma_addr_t iova,
> return ret;
> }
>
> -static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> - size_t map_size)
> +struct vfio_pin_args {
> + struct vfio_iommu *iommu;
> + struct vfio_dma *dma;
> + unsigned long limit;
> + struct mm_struct *mm;
> +};
> +
> +static int vfio_pin_map_dma_chunk(unsigned long start_vaddr,
> + unsigned long end_vaddr,
> + struct vfio_pin_args *args)
> {
> - dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova;
> - unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr;
> - size_t size = map_size;
> + struct vfio_dma *dma = args->dma;
> + dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova + (start_vaddr - dma->vaddr);
> + unsigned long unmapped_size = end_vaddr - start_vaddr;
> + unsigned long pfn, mapped_size = 0;
> long npage;
> - unsigned long pfn, limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> int ret = 0;
>
> - while (size) {
> + while (unmapped_size) {
> /* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
> - npage = vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr + dma->size,
> - size >> PAGE_SHIFT, &pfn, limit);
> + npage = vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, start_vaddr + mapped_size,
> + unmapped_size >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> + &pfn, args->limit, args->mm);
> if (npage <= 0) {
> WARN_ON(!npage);
> ret = (int)npage;
> @@ -1052,22 +1067,50 @@ static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> }
>
> /* Map it! */
> - ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage,
> - dma->prot);
> + ret = vfio_iommu_map(args->iommu, iova + mapped_size, pfn,
> + npage, dma->prot);
> if (ret) {
> - vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, iova + dma->size, pfn,
> + vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, iova + mapped_size, pfn,
> npage, true);
> break;
> }
>
> - size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> - dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> + unmapped_size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> + mapped_size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> }
>
> + return (ret == 0) ? KTASK_RETURN_SUCCESS : ret;

Overall I'm a big fan of this, but I think there's an undo problem
here. Per 03/13, kc_undo_func is only called for successfully
completed chunks and each kc_thread_func should handle cleanup of any
intermediate work before failure. That's not done here afaict. Should
we be calling the vfio_pin_map_dma_undo() manually on the completed
range before returning error?

> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_pin_map_dma_undo(unsigned long start_vaddr,
> + unsigned long end_vaddr,
> + struct vfio_pin_args *args)
> +{
> + struct vfio_dma *dma = args->dma;
> + dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova + (start_vaddr - dma->vaddr);
> + dma_addr_t end = dma->iova + (end_vaddr - dma->vaddr);
> +
> + vfio_unmap_unpin(args->iommu, args->dma, iova, end, true);
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> + size_t map_size)
> +{
> + unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> + int ret = 0;
> + struct vfio_pin_args args = { iommu, dma, limit, current->mm };
> + /* Stay on PMD boundary in case THP is being used. */
> + DEFINE_KTASK_CTL(ctl, vfio_pin_map_dma_chunk, &args, PMD_SIZE);

PMD_SIZE chunks almost seems too convenient, I wonder a) is that really
enough work per thread, and b) is this really successfully influencing
THP? Thanks,

Alex

> +
> + ktask_ctl_set_undo_func(&ctl, vfio_pin_map_dma_undo);
> + ret = ktask_run((void *)dma->vaddr, map_size, &ctl);
> +
> dma->iommu_mapped = true;
>
> if (ret)
> - vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
> + vfio_remove_dma_finish(iommu, dma);
> + else
> + dma->size += map_size;
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -1229,7 +1272,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>
> npage = vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr,
> n >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> - &pfn, limit);
> + &pfn, limit,
> + current->mm);
> if (npage <= 0) {
> WARN_ON(!npage);
> ret = (int)npage;
> @@ -1497,7 +1541,9 @@ static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> long locked = 0, unlocked = 0;
>
> dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> - unlocked += vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, false);
> + unlocked += vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, dma->iova,
> + dma->iova + dma->size, false);
> + dma->iommu_mapped = false;
> p = rb_first(&dma->pfn_list);
> for (; p; p = rb_next(p)) {
> struct vfio_pfn *vpfn = rb_entry(p, struct vfio_pfn,

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