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SubjectRe: [PATCH] [media] ov7670: make "xclk" clock optional
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On Mon, 2018-11-05 at 15:22 +0100, jacopo mondi wrote:
> Hi Lubo,
>
> On Mon, Nov 05, 2018 at 02:12:18PM +0100, Lubomir Rintel wrote:
> > Hello,
> >
> > On Mon, 2018-11-05 at 11:58 +0100, jacopo mondi wrote:
> > > Hi Lubomir,
> > > +Sakari in Cc
> > >
> > > I just noticed this, and the patch is now in v4.20, but let me comment
> > > anyway on this.
> > >
> > > On Thu, Oct 04, 2018 at 11:29:03PM +0200, Lubomir Rintel wrote:
> > > > When the "xclk" clock was added, it was made mandatory. This broke the
> > > > driver on an OLPC plaform which doesn't know such clock. Make it
> > > > optional.
> > > >
> > >
> > > I don't think this is correct. The sensor needs a clock to work.
> > >
> > > With this patch clock_speed which is used to calculate
> > > the framerate is defaulted to 30MHz, crippling all the calculations if
> > > that default value doesn't match what is actually installed on the
> > > board.
> >
> > How come? I kept this:
> >
> > + info->clock_speed = clk_get_rate(info->clk) / 1000000;
>
> Yes, but only if
> if (info->clk) { }
>
> if (!info->clk) the 'clock_speed' variable is defaulted to 30 at the
> beginning of the probe routine. Am I missing something obvious here?

Maybe. Or I am.

I thought you care about the situation where you *have* the clk, and
thus you shouldn't be caring about the defaults?

> > > If this patch breaks the OLPC, then might it be the DTS for said
> > > device needs to be fixed instead of working around the issue here?
> >
> > No. Device tree is an ABI, and you can't just add mandatory properties.
> >
>
> Well, as I read the ov7670 bindings documentation:
>
> Required Properties:
> - compatible: should be "ovti,ov7670"
> - clocks: reference to the xclk input clock.
> - clock-names: should be "xclk".
>
> It was mandatory already since the bindings have been first created:
> bba582894a ("[media] ov7670: document device tree bindings")
>
> And yes, bindings establishes an ABI we have not to break or make
> incompatible with DTs created for an older version of the same binding,
> but the DTs itself is free to change and we need to do so to update
> it when required (to fix bugs, add new components, enable/disable them
> etc).

Ah, right, you're correct. No DTS ABI breakage there. I guess it would
be fine to revert my patch if we provide the xclk on the OLPC instead.

> > There's no DTS for OLPC XO-1 either; it's an OpenFirmware machine.
> >
>
> I thought OLPC was an ARM machine, that's why I mentioned DTS. Sorry
> about this.

Well, you're sort of right here. The XO-1.75 generation is ARM, the XO-
1 is x86. They both use devicetree provided by the firmware. However,
they predate FDT (or the definitions of bindings that are used here for
tht matter) and the trees are unfortunately quite incomplete. The
sensor is not there.

> A quick read of the wikipedia page for "OpenFirmware" gives me back
> that it a standardized firmware interface:
> "Open Firmware allows the system to load platform-independent drivers
> directly from the PCI card, improving compatibility".
>
> I know nothing on this, and that's not the point, so I'll better stop
> here and refrain to express how much the "loading platform-independent
> (BINARY) drivers from the PCI card" scares me :p
>
> > You'd need to update all machines in the wild which is not realistic.
>
> Machines which have received a kernel update which includes the patch
> that makes the clock for the sensor driver mandatory [1], will have their
> board files updated by the same kernel update, with the proper clock
> provider instantiated for that sensor.
>
> That's what I would expect from a kernel update for those devices (or
> any device in general..)
>
> If this didn't happen, blame OLPC kernel maintainers :p
>
> [1] 0a024d634cee ("[media] ov7670: get xclk"); which went in v4.12
>
> > Alternatively, something else than DT could provide the clock. If this
> > gets in, then the OLPC would work even without the xclk patch:
> > https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181105073054.24407-12-lkundrak@v3.sk/
>
> That's what I meant, more or less.
>
> If you don't have a DTS you have a board file, isn't it?
> ( arch/x86/platform/olpc/ maybe? )

The device tree on XO-1 is not constructed from a FDT, it's gotten from
the OpenFirmware. See arch/x86/platform/olpc/olpc_dt.c

But as I said -- it's hopelessly incomplete and is not going to be of
much help here. If you're curious, I've recently uploaded /proc/device-
tree dumps here, since someone else asked:

https://people.freedesktop.org/~lkundrak/olpc/

> The patch you linked here makes the video interface (the marvel-ccic
> one) provide the clock source for the sensor:
>
> + clkdev_create(mcam->mclk, "xclk", "%d-%04x",
> + i2c_adapter_id(cam->i2c_adapter), ov7670_info.addr);
> +
>
> While I would expect the board file to do that, as that's where all
> pieces gets put together, and it knows which clock source has to be
> fed to the sensor depending on your hardware design. As I don't know
> much of x86 or openfirmare, feel free to explain me why it is not
> possible ;)

Well, maybe. I don't think so. The clock is provided by the Cafe chip
(the bridge chip, also has i2c controller for the sensor control) that
sits on a PCI, which is discoverable. In theory there could be more of
them.

The driver is oddly structured for historic reasons. I'm mainly
interested in not breaking it more than it is. A good devicetree would
help, but we don't have the luxury.

> Anyway, my whole point is that the sensor needs a clock to work. With
> your patch if it is not provided it gets defaulted (if I'm not
> mis-reading the code) to a value that would break frame interval
> calculations. This is what concerns me and I would prefer the driver
> to fail probing quite nosily to make sure all its users (dts, board
> files etc) gets updated.

I still don't get this. It defaults to 30 Hz* as it used to before the
patch that introduced mandatory xclk, which seems perfectly reasonable.
Which configurations break?

* you said MHz before, I suppose that was a mistake?

> > (I just got a kbuild failure message, so I'll surely be following up
> > with a v2.)
> >
> > > Also, the DT bindings should be updated too if we decide this property
> > > can be omitted. At this point, with a follow-up patch.
> >
> > Yes.
> >
> This would actually be an ABI change (one that would not break
> retro-compatibility probably, but still...)

That, I think, is an okay thing to do.


Thanks
Lubo

>
> Thanks
> j
>
> > > Thanks
> >
> > Cheers
> > Lubo
> >
> > > j
> > >
> > > > Tested on a OLPC XO-1 laptop.
> > > >
> > > > Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.11+
> > > > Fixes: 0a024d634cee ("[media] ov7670: get xclk")
> > > > Signed-off-by: Lubomir Rintel <lkundrak@v3.sk>
> > > > ---
> > > > drivers/media/i2c/ov7670.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++----------
> > > > 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/media/i2c/ov7670.c b/drivers/media/i2c/ov7670.c
> > > > index 31bf577b0bd3..64d1402882c8 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/media/i2c/ov7670.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/media/i2c/ov7670.c
> > > > @@ -1808,17 +1808,24 @@ static int ov7670_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
> > > > info->pclk_hb_disable = true;
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > - info->clk = devm_clk_get(&client->dev, "xclk");
> > > > - if (IS_ERR(info->clk))
> > > > - return PTR_ERR(info->clk);
> > > > - ret = clk_prepare_enable(info->clk);
> > > > - if (ret)
> > > > - return ret;
> > > > + info->clk = devm_clk_get(&client->dev, "xclk"); /* optional */
> > > > + if (IS_ERR(info->clk)) {
> > > > + ret = PTR_ERR(info->clk);
> > > > + if (ret == -ENOENT)
> > > > + info->clk = NULL;
> > > > + else
> > > > + return ret;
> > > > + }
> > > > + if (info->clk) {
> > > > + ret = clk_prepare_enable(info->clk);
> > > > + if (ret)
> > > > + return ret;
> > > >
> > > > - info->clock_speed = clk_get_rate(info->clk) / 1000000;
> > > > - if (info->clock_speed < 10 || info->clock_speed > 48) {
> > > > - ret = -EINVAL;
> > > > - goto clk_disable;
> > > > + info->clock_speed = clk_get_rate(info->clk) / 1000000;
> > > > + if (info->clock_speed < 10 || info->clock_speed > 48) {
> > > > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > > > + goto clk_disable;
> > > > + }
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > ret = ov7670_init_gpio(client, info);
> > > > --
> > > > 2.19.0
> > > >

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