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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.18 14/45] powerpc/Makefile: Fix PPC_BOOK3S_64 ASFLAGS
From: Joel Stanley <>

[ Upstream commit 960e30029863db95ec79a71009272d4661db5991 ]

Ever since commit 15a3204d24a3 ("powerpc/64s: Set assembler machine type
to POWER4") we force -mpower4 to be passed to the assembler
irrespective of the CFLAGS used (for Book3s 64).

When building a powerpc64 kernel with clang, clang will not add -many
to the assembler flags, so any instructions that the compiler has
generated that are not available on power4 will cause an error:

/usr/bin/as -a64 -mppc64 -mlittle-endian -mpower8 \
-I ./arch/powerpc/include -I ./arch/powerpc/include/generated \
-I ./include -I ./arch/powerpc/include/uapi \
-I ./arch/powerpc/include/generated/uapi -I ./include/uapi \
-I ./include/generated/uapi -I arch/powerpc -I arch/powerpc \
-maltivec -mpower4 -o init/do_mounts.o /tmp/do_mounts-3b0a3d.s
/tmp/do_mounts-51ce54.s:748: Error: unrecognized opcode: `isel'

GCC does include -many, so the GCC driven gas call will succeed:

as -v -I ./arch/powerpc/include -I ./arch/powerpc/include/generated -I
./include -I ./arch/powerpc/include/uapi
-I ./arch/powerpc/include/generated/uapi -I ./include/uapi
-I ./include/generated/uapi -I arch/powerpc -I arch/powerpc
-a64 -mpower8 -many -mlittle -maltivec -mpower4 -o init/do_mounts.o

Note that isel is power7 and above for IBM CPUs. GCC only generates it
for Power9 and above, but the above test was run against the clang
generated assembly.

Peter Bergner explains:

When using -many -mpower4, gas will first try and find a matching
power4 mnemonic and failing that, it will then allow any valid
mnemonic that gas knows about. GCC's use of -many predates me

IIRC, Alan looked at trying to remove it, but I forget why he
didn't. Could be either a gcc or gas issue at the time. I'm not sure
whether issue still exists or not. He and I have modified how gas
works internally a fair amount since he tried removing gcc use of

I will also note that when using -many, gas will choose the first
mnemonic that matches in the mnemonic table and we have (mostly)
sorted the table so that server mnemonics show up earlier in the
table than other mnemonics, so they'll be seen/chosen first.

By explicitly setting -many we can build with Clang and GCC while
retaining the -mpower4 option.

Signed-off-by: Joel Stanley <>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
arch/powerpc/Makefile | 6 +++++-
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/Makefile
index fb96206de317..2510ff9381d0 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Makefile
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Makefile
@@ -244,7 +244,11 @@ cpu-as-$(CONFIG_4xx) += -Wa,-m405
cpu-as-$(CONFIG_ALTIVEC) += $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-maltivec)
cpu-as-$(CONFIG_E200) += -Wa,-me200
cpu-as-$(CONFIG_E500) += -Wa,-me500
-cpu-as-$(CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64) += -Wa,-mpower4
+# When using '-many -mpower4' gas will first try and find a matching power4
+# mnemonic and failing that it will allow any valid mnemonic that GAS knows
+# about. GCC will pass -many to GAS when assembling, clang does not.
+cpu-as-$(CONFIG_PPC_BOOK3S_64) += -Wa,-mpower4 -Wa,-many
cpu-as-$(CONFIG_PPC_E500MC) += $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-me500mc)

KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(cpu-as-y)
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