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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.19 01/57] mm: thp: fix MADV_DONTNEED vs migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page race condition
Date
From: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>

[ Upstream commit d7c3393413fe7e7dc54498ea200ea94742d61e18 ]

Patch series "migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page race conditions".

Aaron found a new instance of the THP MADV_DONTNEED race against
pmdp_clear_flush* variants, that was apparently left unfixed.

While looking into the race found by Aaron, I may have found two more
issues in migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page.

These race conditions would not cause kernel instability, but they'd
corrupt userland data or leave data non zero after MADV_DONTNEED.

I did only minor testing, and I don't expect to be able to reproduce this
(especially the lack of ->invalidate_range before migrate_page_copy,
requires the latest iommu hardware or infiniband to reproduce). The last
patch is noop for x86 and it needs further review from maintainers of
archs that implement flush_cache_range() (not in CC yet).

To avoid confusion, it's not the first patch that introduces the bug fixed
in the second patch, even before removing the
pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify, that _notify suffix was called after
migrate_page_copy already run.

This patch (of 3):

This is a corollary of ced108037c2aa ("thp: fix MADV_DONTNEED vs. numa
balancing race"), 58ceeb6bec8 ("thp: fix MADV_DONTNEED vs. MADV_FREE
race") and 5b7abeae3af8c ("thp: fix MADV_DONTNEED vs clear soft dirty
race).

When the above three fixes where posted Dave asked
https://lkml.kernel.org/r/929b3844-aec2-0111-fef7-8002f9d4e2b9@intel.com
but apparently this was missed.

The pmdp_clear_flush* in migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page() was introduced
in a54a407fbf7 ("mm: Close races between THP migration and PMD numa
clearing").

The important part of such commit is only the part where the page lock is
not released until the first do_huge_pmd_numa_page() finished disarming
the pagenuma/protnone.

The addition of pmdp_clear_flush() wasn't beneficial to such commit and
there's no commentary about such an addition either.

I guess the pmdp_clear_flush() in such commit was added just in case for
safety, but it ended up introducing the MADV_DONTNEED race condition found
by Aaron.

At that point in time nobody thought of such kind of MADV_DONTNEED race
conditions yet (they were fixed later) so the code may have looked more
robust by adding the pmdp_clear_flush().

This specific race condition won't destabilize the kernel, but it can
confuse userland because after MADV_DONTNEED the memory won't be zeroed
out.

This also optimizes the code and removes a superfluous TLB flush.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: reflow comment to 80 cols, fix grammar and typo (beacuse)]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181013002430.698-2-aarcange@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reported-by: Aaron Tomlin <atomlin@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
mm/migrate.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++-------
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 84381b55b2bd..1f634b1563b6 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -2029,15 +2029,26 @@ int migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);

/*
- * Clear the old entry under pagetable lock and establish the new PTE.
- * Any parallel GUP will either observe the old page blocking on the
- * page lock, block on the page table lock or observe the new page.
- * The SetPageUptodate on the new page and page_add_new_anon_rmap
- * guarantee the copy is visible before the pagetable update.
+ * Overwrite the old entry under pagetable lock and establish
+ * the new PTE. Any parallel GUP will either observe the old
+ * page blocking on the page lock, block on the page table
+ * lock or observe the new page. The SetPageUptodate on the
+ * new page and page_add_new_anon_rmap guarantee the copy is
+ * visible before the pagetable update.
*/
flush_cache_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
page_add_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, mmun_start, true);
- pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(vma, mmun_start, pmd);
+ /*
+ * At this point the pmd is numa/protnone (i.e. non present) and the TLB
+ * has already been flushed globally. So no TLB can be currently
+ * caching this non present pmd mapping. There's no need to clear the
+ * pmd before doing set_pmd_at(), nor to flush the TLB after
+ * set_pmd_at(). Clearing the pmd here would introduce a race
+ * condition against MADV_DONTNEED, because MADV_DONTNEED only holds the
+ * mmap_sem for reading. If the pmd is set to NULL at any given time,
+ * MADV_DONTNEED won't wait on the pmd lock and it'll skip clearing this
+ * pmd.
+ */
set_pmd_at(mm, mmun_start, pmd, entry);
update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, &entry);

@@ -2051,7 +2062,7 @@ int migrate_misplaced_transhuge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
* No need to double call mmu_notifier->invalidate_range() callback as
* the above pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify() did already call it.
*/
- mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_only_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
+ mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);

/* Take an "isolate" reference and put new page on the LRU. */
get_page(new_page);
--
2.17.1
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