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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 8/8] mfd: cros_ec: add a dev_release empty method.
On Thu, Nov 29, 2018 at 11:11:16PM +0100, Enric Balletbo i Serra wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On 29/11/18 8:55, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> > On Wed, Nov 28, 2018 at 05:17:22PM -0800, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> >> Hi Greg,
> >>
> >> On Tue, Nov 27, 2018 at 9:52 AM Greg Kroah-Hartman
> >> <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On Tue, Nov 27, 2018 at 09:29:38AM -0800, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> >>>> Hi Enric,
> >>>>
> >>>> On Tue, Nov 27, 2018 at 4:19 AM Enric Balletbo i Serra
> >>>> <enric.balletbo@collabora.com> wrote:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Devices are required to provide a release method. This patch fixes the
> >>>>> following WARN():
> >>>>>
> >>>>> [ 47.218707] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> >>>>> [ 47.223901] Device 'cros_ec' does not have a release() function, it is broken and must be fixed.
> >>>>> [ 47.234430] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 3585 at drivers/base/core.c:895 device_release+0x80/0x90
> >>>>> [ 47.243560] Modules linked in: btusb btrtl btintel btbcm bluetooth ecdh_generic [...]
> >>>>> [ 47.323851] CPU: 0 PID: 3585 Comm: rmmod Not tainted 4.20.0-rc2+ #29
> >>>>> [ 47.330947] Hardware name: Google Kevin (DT)
> >>>>> [ 47.335714] pstate: 40000005 (nZcv daif -PAN -UAO)
> >>>>> [ 47.341063] pc : device_release+0x80/0x90
> >>>>> [ 47.345537] lr : device_release+0x80/0x90
> >>>>> [ 47.350001] sp : ffff00000b17bc70
> >>>>> [ 47.353698] x29: ffff00000b17bc70 x28: ffff8000e48e9a80
> >>>>> [ 47.359629] x27: 0000000000000000 x26: 0000000000000000
> >>>>> [ 47.365561] x25: 0000000056000000 x24: 0000000000000015
> >>>>> [ 47.371492] x23: ffff8000f0248060 x22: ffff000000b700a0
> >>>>> [ 47.377414] x21: ffff8000edf56100 x20: ffff8000edd13028
> >>>>> [ 47.383346] x19: ffff8000edd13018 x18: 0000000000000095
> >>>>> [ 47.389278] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
> >>>>> [ 47.395209] x15: 0000000000000400 x14: 0000000000000400
> >>>>> [ 47.401131] x13: 00000000000001a7 x12: 0000000000000000
> >>>>> [ 47.407053] x11: 0000000000000001 x10: 0000000000000960
> >>>>> [ 47.412976] x9 : ffff00000b17b9b0 x8 : ffff8000e48ea440
> >>>>> [ 47.418898] x7 : ffff8000ee9090c0 x6 : ffff8000f7d0b0b8
> >>>>> [ 47.424830] x5 : ffff8000f7d0b0b8 x4 : 0000000000000000
> >>>>> [ 47.430752] x3 : ffff8000f7d11e68 x2 : ffff8000e48e9a80
> >>>>> [ 47.436674] x1 : 37d859939c964800 x0 : 0000000000000000
> >>>>> [ 47.442597] Call trace:
> >>>>> [ 47.445324] device_release+0x80/0x90
> >>>>> [ 47.449414] kobject_put+0x74/0xe8
> >>>>> [ 47.453210] device_unregister+0x20/0x30
> >>>>> [ 47.457592] ec_device_remove+0x34/0x48 [cros_ec_dev]
> >>>>> [ 47.463233] platform_drv_remove+0x28/0x48
> >>>>> [ 47.467805] device_release_driver_internal+0x1a8/0x240
> >>>>> [ 47.473630] driver_detach+0x40/0x80
> >>>>> [ 47.477609] bus_remove_driver+0x54/0xa8
> >>>>> [ 47.481986] driver_unregister+0x2c/0x58
> >>>>> [ 47.486355] platform_driver_unregister+0x10/0x18
> >>>>> [ 47.491599] cros_ec_dev_exit+0x1c/0x258 [cros_ec_dev]
> >>>>> [ 47.497338] __arm64_sys_delete_module+0x16c/0x1f8
> >>>>> [ 47.502689] el0_svc_common+0x84/0xd8
> >>>>> [ 47.506776] el0_svc_handler+0x2c/0x80
> >>>>> [ 47.510960] el0_svc+0x8/0xc
> >>>>> [ 47.514171] ---[ end trace 9087279fc8c03450 ]---
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Enric Balletbo i Serra <enric.balletbo@collabora.com>
> >>>>> ---
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Changes in v3: None
> >>>>> Changes in v2:
> >>>>> - Fix WARN when unloading. This is new in these series.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> drivers/mfd/cros_ec_dev.c | 5 +++++
> >>>>> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
> >>>>>
> >>>>> diff --git a/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_dev.c b/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_dev.c
> >>>>> index 1ba98a32715e..cdb941c6db98 100644
> >>>>> --- a/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_dev.c
> >>>>> +++ b/drivers/mfd/cros_ec_dev.c
> >>>>> @@ -35,9 +35,14 @@
> >>>>> #define CROS_MAX_DEV 128
> >>>>> static int ec_major;
> >>>>>
> >>>>> +static void cros_ec_dev_release(struct device *dev)
> >>>>> +{
> >>>>> +}
> >>>
> >>> Yeah, as part of the in-kernel documentation, I now get to make fun of
> >>> you in public!
> >>>
> >>> You did read the documentation, right?
> >>>
> >>
> >> To be fair, the problem is difficult to understand. Maybe it is easy
> >> for you, but that is not true for everyone, including me. Remember the
> >> block discussion we just had ? As for the in-kernel documentation,
> >> maybe there is a comprehensive explanation someone, one that clueless
> >> people like me can understand, but all I found was
> >>
> >> "If a bus driver unregisters a device, it should not immediately free
> >> it. It should instead wait for the driver model core to call the
> >> device's release method, then free the bus-specific object.
> >> (There may be other code that is currently referencing the device
> >> structure, and it would be rude to free the device while that is
> >> happening)"
> >>
> >> Does that apply to mfd devices ? What other code may that be that
> >> accesses the structure ? What else does it mean, or in other words,
> >> what other cleanup code besides releasing the data structure needs to
> >> reside in the release function ?
> >
>
> I think that this can be one of those cases where using device managed
> allocations is not right. If so we only need to revert commit
>
> 3aa2177e4787 ("mfd: cros_ec: Use devm_kzalloc for private data")

Yes, that patch is not correct.

> I think that the problem might be a dereference when a file operation call
> happens if accesses to the device but the struct is already freed, so the
> allocated structure should be freed after the last release call because you
> can't guarantee is _not_ used before that. In this case class_dev is embedded to
> the struct so I guess that the only resource we need to free is the cros_ec
> device struct. I can be wrong, I didn't continue the research.

If a class_dev is embedded in a structure then that class_dev is the
thing that controls the lifetime of that structure and you have to have
a release function for it, otherwise it is broken.

> This is what Guenter make me think when he said "object lifetime", then I read
> the Greg's answer. I felt bad and I just abandoned that task and switch to
> another one. There were still open questions in my mind but I was not so
> motivated to solve it.

Don't feel bad, it's not a simple problem, but hopefully the
documentation we have should explain it all. If not, please let me
know.

> Before send the patch I looked at the code and I saw that there are different
> places where an "empty" release function is used.

There are? Please let me know, we used to have a patch in linux-next
that would catch these at runtime with some fun x86-special checks but I
think it got lost a few years ago.

> If this is never allowed, maybe we can create a cocci script to catch
> these cases, I started this script (thanks Peter for helping me). Only
> detects two places, but the script is not complete as should also take
> in consideration when the release function is assigned in a function
> (usually people does this) instead of assigning the function directly
> in the struct. I'll be happy to help on this if people think will be
> useful.

Yes it is useful, as those should never be allowed. I know some release
functions were never getting hit as no one even cleaned up the
structures, so people were not seeing the kernel warnings at runtime, so
static checking might be the only way to solve this.

thanks,

greg k-h

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