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Subject[RFC PATCH V2 08/11] KVM: VMX: Introduce ioctls to set/get Sub-Page Write Protection.
Date
We introduced 2 ioctls to let user application to set/get subpage write
protection bitmap per gfn, each gfn corresponds to a bitmap.

The user application, qemu, or some other security control daemon. will
set the protection bitmap via this ioctl.

the API defined as:

struct kvm_subpage {
__u64 base_gfn;
__u64 npages;
/* sub-page write-access bitmap array */
__u32 access_map[SUBPAGE_MAX_BITMAP];
}sp;

kvm_vm_ioctl(s, KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS, &sp)
kvm_vm_ioctl(s, KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS, &sp)

Signed-off-by: Zhang Yi <yi.z.zhang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: He Chen <he.chen@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 9 +++
arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 20 +++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 124 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/kvm_host.h | 5 ++
include/uapi/linux/kvm.h | 11 ++++
6 files changed, 217 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 46312b9..3218d91 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -397,6 +397,8 @@ struct kvm_mmu {
void (*invlpg)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, hpa_t root_hpa);
void (*update_pte)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
u64 *spte, const void *pte);
+ int (*get_subpages)(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+ int (*set_subpages)(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
hpa_t root_hpa;
hpa_t sppt_root;
union kvm_mmu_role mmu_role;
@@ -784,6 +786,7 @@ struct kvm_lpage_info {

struct kvm_arch_memory_slot {
struct kvm_rmap_head *rmap[KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES];
+ u32 *subpage_wp_info;
struct kvm_lpage_info *lpage_info[KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES - 1];
unsigned short *gfn_track[KVM_PAGE_TRACK_MAX];
};
@@ -1187,6 +1190,9 @@ struct kvm_x86_ops {

int (*nested_enable_evmcs)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
uint16_t *vmcs_version);
+
+ int (*get_subpages)(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+ int (*set_subpages)(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
};

struct kvm_arch_async_pf {
@@ -1400,6 +1406,9 @@ void kvm_mmu_invlpg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva);
void kvm_mmu_invpcid_gva(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, unsigned long pcid);
void kvm_mmu_new_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t new_cr3, bool skip_tlb_flush);

+int kvm_mmu_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+int kvm_mmu_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+
void kvm_enable_tdp(void);
void kvm_disable_tdp(void);

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
index d077693..b1773c6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
@@ -1430,6 +1430,15 @@ static u64 *rmap_get_next(struct rmap_iterator *iter)
return sptep;
}

+static u32 *gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ gfn_t gfn)
+{
+ unsigned long idx;
+
+ idx = gfn_to_index(gfn, slot->base_gfn, PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL);
+ return &slot->arch.subpage_wp_info[idx];
+}
+
#define for_each_rmap_spte(_rmap_head_, _iter_, _spte_) \
for (_spte_ = rmap_get_first(_rmap_head_, _iter_); \
_spte_; _spte_ = rmap_get_next(_iter_))
@@ -4141,6 +4150,44 @@ static int tdp_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gpa, u32 error_code,
return RET_PF_RETRY;
}

+int kvm_mmu_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ u32 *access = spp_info->access_map;
+ gfn_t gfn = spp_info->base_gfn;
+ int npages = spp_info->npages;
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < npages; i++, gfn++) {
+ slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn);
+ if (!slot)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ access[i] = *gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(slot, gfn);
+ }
+
+ return i;
+}
+
+int kvm_mmu_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ u32 access = spp_info->access_map[0];
+ gfn_t gfn = spp_info->base_gfn;
+ int npages = spp_info->npages;
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *slot;
+ u32 *wp_map;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < npages; i++, gfn++) {
+ slot = gfn_to_memslot(kvm, gfn);
+ if (!slot)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ wp_map = gfn_to_subpage_wp_info(slot, gfn);
+ *wp_map = access;
+ }
+
+ return i;
+}
+
static void nonpaging_init_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_mmu *context)
{
@@ -4835,6 +4882,8 @@ static void init_kvm_tdp_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
context->get_cr3 = get_cr3;
context->get_pdptr = kvm_pdptr_read;
context->inject_page_fault = kvm_inject_page_fault;
+ context->get_subpages = kvm_x86_ops->get_subpages;
+ context->set_subpages = kvm_x86_ops->set_subpages;

if (!is_paging(vcpu)) {
context->nx = false;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
index 6634098..b660812 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -8028,6 +8028,11 @@ static __init int hardware_setup(void)
kvm_x86_ops->enable_log_dirty_pt_masked = NULL;
}

+ if (!enable_ept_spp) {
+ kvm_x86_ops->get_subpages = NULL;
+ kvm_x86_ops->set_subpages = NULL;
+ }
+
if (!cpu_has_vmx_preemption_timer())
kvm_x86_ops->request_immediate_exit = __kvm_request_immediate_exit;

@@ -15037,6 +15042,18 @@ static int vmx_set_nested_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
return 0;
}

+static int vmx_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ return kvm_get_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
+static int vmx_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ return kvm_set_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.cpu_has_kvm_support = cpu_has_kvm_support,
.disabled_by_bios = vmx_disabled_by_bios,
@@ -15184,6 +15201,9 @@ static struct kvm_x86_ops vmx_x86_ops __ro_after_init = {
.enable_smi_window = enable_smi_window,

.nested_enable_evmcs = nested_enable_evmcs,
+
+ .get_subpages = vmx_get_subpages,
+ .set_subpages = vmx_set_subpages,
};

static void vmx_cleanup_l1d_flush(void)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 5cd5647..fa36858 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -4507,6 +4507,44 @@ static int kvm_vm_ioctl_enable_cap(struct kvm *kvm,
return r;
}

+static int kvm_vm_ioctl_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ return kvm_arch_get_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
+static int kvm_vm_ioctl_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ return kvm_arch_set_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
+int kvm_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&kvm->slots_lock);
+ ret = kvm_mmu_get_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->slots_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_subpages);
+
+int kvm_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&kvm->slots_lock);
+ ret = kvm_mmu_set_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->slots_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_set_subpages);
+
long kvm_arch_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg)
{
@@ -4811,6 +4849,39 @@ long kvm_arch_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
if (copy_from_user(&hvevfd, argp, sizeof(hvevfd)))
goto out;
r = kvm_vm_ioctl_hv_eventfd(kvm, &hvevfd);
+ }
+ case KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS: {
+ struct kvm_subpage spp_info;
+
+ r = -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(&spp_info, argp, sizeof(spp_info)))
+ goto out;
+
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ if (spp_info.npages == 0 ||
+ spp_info.npages > SUBPAGE_MAX_BITMAP)
+ goto out;
+
+ r = kvm_vm_ioctl_get_subpages(kvm, &spp_info);
+ if (copy_to_user(argp, &spp_info, sizeof(spp_info))) {
+ r = -EFAULT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ case KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS: {
+ struct kvm_subpage spp_info;
+
+ r = -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(&spp_info, argp, sizeof(spp_info)))
+ goto out;
+
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ if (spp_info.npages == 0 ||
+ spp_info.npages > SUBPAGE_MAX_BITMAP)
+ goto out;
+
+ r = kvm_vm_ioctl_set_subpages(kvm, &spp_info);
break;
}
default:
@@ -9152,6 +9223,34 @@ void kvm_arch_destroy_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
kvm_hv_destroy_vm(kvm);
}

+int kvm_subpage_create_memslot(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
+ unsigned long npages)
+{
+ int lpages;
+
+ lpages = gfn_to_index(slot->base_gfn + npages - 1,
+ slot->base_gfn, 1) + 1;
+
+ slot->arch.subpage_wp_info =
+ kvzalloc(lpages * sizeof(*slot->arch.subpage_wp_info),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!slot->arch.subpage_wp_info)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void kvm_subpage_free_memslot(struct kvm_memory_slot *free,
+ struct kvm_memory_slot *dont)
+{
+ if (!dont || free->arch.subpage_wp_info !=
+ dont->arch.subpage_wp_info) {
+ kvfree(free->arch.subpage_wp_info);
+ free->arch.subpage_wp_info = NULL;
+ }
+}
+
void kvm_arch_free_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *free,
struct kvm_memory_slot *dont)
{
@@ -9173,6 +9272,7 @@ void kvm_arch_free_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *free,
}

kvm_page_track_free_memslot(free, dont);
+ kvm_subpage_free_memslot(free, dont);
}

int kvm_arch_create_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
@@ -9225,8 +9325,12 @@ int kvm_arch_create_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *slot,
if (kvm_page_track_create_memslot(slot, npages))
goto out_free;

- return 0;
+ if (kvm_subpage_create_memslot(slot, npages))
+ goto out_free_page_track;

+ return 0;
+out_free_page_track:
+ kvm_page_track_free_memslot(slot, NULL);
out_free:
for (i = 0; i < KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES; ++i) {
kvfree(slot->arch.rmap[i]);
@@ -9713,6 +9817,24 @@ int kvm_arch_update_irqfd_routing(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned int host_irq,
return kvm_x86_ops->update_pi_irte(kvm, host_irq, guest_irq, set);
}

+int kvm_arch_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ if (!kvm_x86_ops->get_subpages)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return kvm_x86_ops->get_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
+int kvm_arch_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm,
+ struct kvm_subpage *spp_info)
+{
+ if (!kvm_x86_ops->set_subpages)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return kvm_x86_ops->set_subpages(kvm, spp_info);
+}
+
bool kvm_vector_hashing_enabled(void)
{
return vector_hashing;
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index c926698..7f29f97 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -816,6 +816,11 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_runnable(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
bool kvm_arch_vcpu_in_kernel(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_arch_vcpu_should_kick(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);

+int kvm_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+int kvm_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+int kvm_arch_get_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+int kvm_arch_set_subpages(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_subpage *spp_info);
+
#ifndef __KVM_HAVE_ARCH_VM_ALLOC
/*
* All architectures that want to use vzalloc currently also
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
index 01174f8..3fd6d14 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
@@ -102,6 +102,15 @@ struct kvm_userspace_memory_region {
__u64 userspace_addr; /* start of the userspace allocated memory */
};

+/* for KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS and KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS */
+#define SUBPAGE_MAX_BITMAP 128
+struct kvm_subpage {
+ __u64 base_gfn;
+ __u64 npages;
+ /* sub-page write-access bitmap array */
+ __u32 access_map[SUBPAGE_MAX_BITMAP];
+};
+
/*
* The bit 0 ~ bit 15 of kvm_memory_region::flags are visible for userspace,
* other bits are reserved for kvm internal use which are defined in
@@ -1229,6 +1238,8 @@ struct kvm_vfio_spapr_tce {
struct kvm_userspace_memory_region)
#define KVM_SET_TSS_ADDR _IO(KVMIO, 0x47)
#define KVM_SET_IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR _IOW(KVMIO, 0x48, __u64)
+#define KVM_SUBPAGES_GET_ACCESS _IOR(KVMIO, 0x49, __u64)
+#define KVM_SUBPAGES_SET_ACCESS _IOW(KVMIO, 0x4a, __u64)

/* enable ucontrol for s390 */
struct kvm_s390_ucas_mapping {
--
2.7.4
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