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SubjectRe: [PATCH - resend*2] VFS: use synchronize_rcu_expedited() in namespace_unlock()

The synchronize_rcu() in namespace_unlock() is called every time
a filesystem is unmounted. If a great many filesystems are mounted,
this can cause a noticable slow-down in, for example, system shutdown.

The sequence:
mkdir -p /tmp/Mtest/{0..5000}
time for i in /tmp/Mtest/*; do mount -t tmpfs tmpfs $i ; done
time umount /tmp/Mtest/*

on a 4-cpu VM can report 8 seconds to mount the tmpfs filesystems, and
100 seconds to unmount them.

Boot the same VM with 1 CPU and it takes 18 seconds to mount the
tmpfs filesystems, but only 36 to unmount.

If we change the synchronize_rcu() to synchronize_rcu_expedited()
the umount time on a 4-cpu VM drop to 0.6 seconds

I think this 200-fold speed up is worth the slightly high system
impact of using synchronize_rcu_expedited().

Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <> (from general rcu perspective)
Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <>

Al Viro says "I can live with this one" but this still hasn't landed.
Maybe someone else could apply it?


Full quote from Al on 5th Oct:
> Umm... IIRC, the last one got sidetracked on the other thing in the series...
> <checks> that was s_anon stuff. I can live with this one; FWIW, what kind
> of load would trigger the impact of the change? Paul?
which Paul replied to.

fs/namespace.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index a7f91265ea67..43a0d2c7449d 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -1360,7 +1360,7 @@ static void namespace_unlock(void)
if (likely(hlist_empty(&head)))

- synchronize_rcu();
+ synchronize_rcu_expedited();

2.14.0.rc0.dirty[unhandled content-type:application/pgp-signature]
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