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Subject[PATCH v15 16/23] x86/sgx: Enumerate and track EPC sections
Date
From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>

Enumerate Enclave Page Cache (EPC) sections via CPUID and add the data
structures necessary to track EPC pages so that they can be allocated,
freed and managed. As a system may have multiple EPC sections, invoke
CPUID on SGX sub-leafs until an invalid leaf is encountered.

On NUMA systems, a node can have at most one bank. A bank can be at
most part of two nodes. SGX supports both nodes with a single memory
controller and also sub-cluster nodes with severals memory controllers
on a single die.

For simplicity, support a maximum of eight EPC sections. Current
client hardware supports only a single section, while upcoming server
hardware will support at most eight sections. Bounding the number of
sections also allows the section ID to be embedded along with a page's
offset in a single unsigned long, enabling easy retrieval of both the
VA and PA for a given page.

Co-developed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Serge Ayoun <serge.ayoun@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Serge Ayoun <serge.ayoun@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 17 ++++
arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h | 57 +++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_sgx.c | 137 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 212 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_sgx.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 1a0be022f91d..b47e1a144409 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -1913,6 +1913,23 @@ config X86_INTEL_MEMORY_PROTECTION_KEYS

If unsure, say y.

+config INTEL_SGX_CORE
+ bool "Intel SGX core functionality"
+ depends on X86_64 && CPU_SUP_INTEL
+ help
+ Intel Software Guard eXtensions (SGX) CPU feature that allows ring 3
+ applications to create enclaves: private regions of memory that are
+ architecturally protected from unauthorized access and/or modification.
+
+ This option enables kernel recognition of SGX, high-level management
+ of the Enclave Page Cache (EPC), tracking and writing of SGX Launch
+ Enclave Hash MSRs, and allows for virtualization of SGX via KVM. By
+ itself, this option does not provide SGX support to userspace.
+
+ For details, see Documentation/x86/intel_sgx.rst
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config EFI
bool "EFI runtime service support"
depends on ACPI
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h
index 23361d508348..aa51165eb3a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h
@@ -5,9 +5,66 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_SGX_H
#define _ASM_X86_SGX_H

+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/sgx_arch.h>

+struct sgx_epc_page {
+ unsigned long desc;
+ struct list_head list;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct sgx_epc_section
+ *
+ * The firmware can define multiple chunks of EPC to the different areas of the
+ * physical memory e.g. for memory areas of the each node. This structure is
+ * used to store EPC pages for one EPC section and virtual memory area where
+ * the pages have been mapped.
+ */
+struct sgx_epc_section {
+ unsigned long pa;
+ void __iomem *va;
+ struct sgx_epc_page **pages;
+ unsigned long free_cnt;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+};
+
+#define SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS 8
+
+extern struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
+
+/**
+ * enum sgx_epc_page_desc - bits and masks for an EPC page's descriptor
+ * %SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK: SGX allows to have multiple EPC sections in the
+ * physical memory. The existing and near-future
+ * hardware defines at most eight sections, hence
+ * three bits to hold a section.
+ * %SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE: The page page is reclaimable. Used when freeing
+ * a page to know that we also need to remove the
+ * page from the list of reclaimable pages.
+ */
+enum sgx_epc_page_desc {
+ SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK = GENMASK_ULL(3, 0),
+ SGX_EPC_PAGE_RECLAIMABLE = BIT(4),
+ /* bits 12-63 are reserved for the physical page address of the page */
+};
+
+static inline struct sgx_epc_section *sgx_epc_section(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
+{
+ return &sgx_epc_sections[page->desc & SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK];
+}
+
+static inline void __iomem *sgx_epc_addr(struct sgx_epc_page *page)
+{
+ struct sgx_epc_section *section = sgx_epc_section(page);
+
+ return section->va + (page->desc & PAGE_MASK) - section->pa;
+}
+
/**
* ENCLS_FAULT_FLAG - flag signifying an ENCLS return code is a trapnr
*
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
index 347137e80bf5..71876f2b35fc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_SUP_UMC_32) += umc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_RDT) += intel_rdt.o intel_rdt_rdtgroup.o intel_rdt_monitor.o
obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_RDT) += intel_rdt_ctrlmondata.o intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.o
CFLAGS_intel_rdt_pseudo_lock.o = -I$(src)
+obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_SGX_CORE) += intel_sgx.o

obj-$(CONFIG_X86_MCE) += mcheck/
obj-$(CONFIG_MTRR) += mtrr/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_sgx.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_sgx.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b86aa4111592
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel_sgx.c
@@ -0,0 +1,137 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: (GPL-2.0 OR BSD-3-Clause)
+// Copyright(c) 2016-17 Intel Corporation.
+
+#include <linux/freezer.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <asm/sgx.h>
+
+struct sgx_epc_section sgx_epc_sections[SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS];
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sgx_epc_sections);
+
+static int sgx_nr_epc_sections;
+
+static __init void sgx_free_epc_section(struct sgx_epc_section *section)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < section->free_cnt && section->pages[i]; i++)
+ kfree(section->pages[i]);
+ kfree(section->pages);
+ iounmap(section->va);
+}
+
+static __init int sgx_init_epc_section(u64 addr, u64 size, unsigned long index,
+ struct sgx_epc_section *section)
+{
+ unsigned long nr_pages = size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ section->va = ioremap_cache(addr, size);
+ if (!section->va)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ section->pa = addr;
+ section->free_cnt = nr_pages;
+ spin_lock_init(&section->lock);
+
+ section->pages = kcalloc(nr_pages, sizeof(struct sgx_epc_page *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!section->pages)
+ goto out;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+ section->pages[i] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct sgx_epc_page),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!section->pages[i])
+ goto out;
+
+ section->pages[i]->desc = (addr + (i << PAGE_SHIFT)) | index;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+out:
+ sgx_free_epc_section(section);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static __init void sgx_page_cache_teardown(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sgx_nr_epc_sections; i++)
+ sgx_free_epc_section(&sgx_epc_sections[i]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * A section metric is concatenated in a way that @low bits 12-31 define the
+ * bits 12-31 of the metric and @high bits 0-19 define the bits 32-51 of the
+ * metric.
+ */
+static inline u64 sgx_calc_section_metric(u64 low, u64 high)
+{
+ return (low & GENMASK_ULL(31, 12)) +
+ ((high & GENMASK_ULL(19, 0)) << 32);
+}
+
+static __init int sgx_page_cache_init(void)
+{
+ u32 eax, ebx, ecx, edx, type;
+ u64 pa, size;
+ int ret;
+ int i;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS > (SGX_EPC_SECTION_MASK + 1));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS; i++) {
+ cpuid_count(SGX_CPUID, i + SGX_CPUID_FIRST_VARIABLE_SUB_LEAF,
+ &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
+
+ type = eax & SGX_CPUID_SUB_LEAF_TYPE_MASK;
+ if (type == SGX_CPUID_SUB_LEAF_INVALID)
+ break;
+ if (type != SGX_CPUID_SUB_LEAF_EPC_SECTION) {
+ pr_err_once("sgx: Unknown sub-leaf type: %u\n", type);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ pa = sgx_calc_section_metric(eax, ebx);
+ size = sgx_calc_section_metric(ecx, edx);
+ pr_info("sgx: EPC section 0x%llx-0x%llx\n", pa, pa + size - 1);
+
+ ret = sgx_init_epc_section(pa, size, i, &sgx_epc_sections[i]);
+ if (ret) {
+ sgx_page_cache_teardown();
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ sgx_nr_epc_sections++;
+ }
+
+ if (!sgx_nr_epc_sections) {
+ pr_err("sgx: There are zero EPC sections.\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __init int sgx_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SGX))
+ return false;
+
+ ret = sgx_page_cache_init();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+arch_initcall(sgx_init);
--
2.19.1
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