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SubjectRe: [RFC v3 11/19] kunit: add Python libraries for handing KUnit config and kernel
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Hi Brendan,

Thanks again for this series!

On 28/11/2018 19:36, Brendan Higgins wrote:
> The ultimate goal is to create minimal isolated test binaries; in the
> meantime we are using UML to provide the infrastructure to run tests, so
> define an abstract way to configure and run tests that allow us to
> change the context in which tests are built without affecting the user.
> This also makes pretty and dynamic error reporting, and a lot of other
> nice features easier.


I wonder if we could somehow generate a shared library object
'libkernel' or 'libumlinux' from a UM configured set of headers and
objects so that we could create binary targets directly ?


> kunit_config.py:
> - parse .config and Kconfig files.
>
> kunit_kernel.py: provides helper functions to:
> - configure the kernel using kunitconfig.
> - build the kernel with the appropriate configuration.
> - provide function to invoke the kernel and stream the output back.
>
> Signed-off-by: Felix Guo <felixguoxiuping@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
> ---
> tools/testing/kunit/.gitignore | 3 +
> tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py | 60 +++++++++++++
> tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py | 126 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 189 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/kunit/.gitignore
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py
> create mode 100644 tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
>
> diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/.gitignore b/tools/testing/kunit/.gitignore
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..c791ff59a37a9
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/kunit/.gitignore
> @@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
> +# Byte-compiled / optimized / DLL files
> +__pycache__/
> +*.py[cod]
> \ No newline at end of file
> diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..183bd5e758762
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_config.py
> @@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +import collections
> +import re
> +
> +CONFIG_IS_NOT_SET_PATTERN = r'^# CONFIG_\w+ is not set$'
> +CONFIG_PATTERN = r'^CONFIG_\w+=\S+$'
> +
> +KconfigEntryBase = collections.namedtuple('KconfigEntry', ['raw_entry'])
> +
> +
> +class KconfigEntry(KconfigEntryBase):
> +
> + def __str__(self) -> str:
> + return self.raw_entry
> +
> +
> +class KconfigParseError(Exception):
> + """Error parsing Kconfig defconfig or .config."""
> +
> +
> +class Kconfig(object):
> + """Represents defconfig or .config specified using the Kconfig language."""
> +
> + def __init__(self):
> + self._entries = []
> +
> + def entries(self):
> + return set(self._entries)
> +
> + def add_entry(self, entry: KconfigEntry) -> None:
> + self._entries.append(entry)
> +
> + def is_subset_of(self, other: "Kconfig") -> bool:
> + return self.entries().issubset(other.entries())
> +
> + def write_to_file(self, path: str) -> None:
> + with open(path, 'w') as f:
> + for entry in self.entries():
> + f.write(str(entry) + '\n')
> +
> + def parse_from_string(self, blob: str) -> None:
> + """Parses a string containing KconfigEntrys and populates this Kconfig."""
> + self._entries = []
> + is_not_set_matcher = re.compile(CONFIG_IS_NOT_SET_PATTERN)
> + config_matcher = re.compile(CONFIG_PATTERN)
> + for line in blob.split('\n'):
> + line = line.strip()
> + if not line:
> + continue
> + elif config_matcher.match(line) or is_not_set_matcher.match(line):
> + self._entries.append(KconfigEntry(line))
> + elif line[0] == '#':
> + continue
> + else:
> + raise KconfigParseError('Failed to parse: ' + line)
> +
> + def read_from_file(self, path: str) -> None:
> + with open(path, 'r') as f:
> + self.parse_from_string(f.read())
> diff --git a/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000000..bba7ea7ca1869
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/kunit/kunit_kernel.py
> @@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +import logging
> +import subprocess
> +import os
> +
> +import kunit_config
> +
> +KCONFIG_PATH = '.config'
> +
> +class ConfigError(Exception):
> + """Represents an error trying to configure the Linux kernel."""
> +
> +
> +class BuildError(Exception):
> + """Represents an error trying to build the Linux kernel."""
> +
> +
> +class LinuxSourceTreeOperations(object):
> + """An abstraction over command line operations performed on a source tree."""
> +
> + def make_mrproper(self):
> + try:
> + subprocess.check_output(['make', 'mrproper'])
> + except OSError as e:
> + raise ConfigError('Could not call make command: ' + e)
> + except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
> + raise ConfigError(e.output)
> +
> + def make_olddefconfig(self):
> + try:
> + subprocess.check_output(['make', 'ARCH=um', 'olddefconfig'])
> + except OSError as e:
> + raise ConfigError('Could not call make command: ' + e)
> + except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
> + raise ConfigError(e.output)
> +
> + def make(self, jobs):
> + try:
> + subprocess.check_output([
> + 'make',
> + 'ARCH=um',
> + '--jobs=' + str(jobs)])

Perhaps as a future extension:

It would be nice if we could set an O= here to keep the source tree
pristine.

In fact I might even suggest that this should always be set so that the
unittesting could live along side an existing kernel build? :

O ?= $KBUILD_SRC/
O := $(O)/kunittest/$(ARCH)/build


> + except OSError as e:
> + raise BuildError('Could not call execute make: ' + e)
> + except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
> + raise BuildError(e.output)
> +
> + def linux_bin(self, params, timeout):
> + """Runs the Linux UML binary. Must be named 'linux'."""
> + process = subprocess.Popen(
> + ['./linux'] + params,
> + stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
> + stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
> + stderr=subprocess.PIPE)
> + process.wait(timeout=timeout)
> + return process
> +
> +
> +class LinuxSourceTree(object):
> + """Represents a Linux kernel source tree with KUnit tests."""
> +
> + def __init__(self):
> + self._kconfig = kunit_config.Kconfig()
> + self._kconfig.read_from_file('kunitconfig')
> + self._ops = LinuxSourceTreeOperations()
> +
> + def clean(self):
> + try:
> + self._ops.make_mrproper()
> + except ConfigError as e:
> + logging.error(e)
> + return False
> + return True
> +
> + def build_config(self):
> + self._kconfig.write_to_file(KCONFIG_PATH)
> + try:
> + self._ops.make_olddefconfig()
> + except ConfigError as e:
> + logging.error(e)
> + return False
> + validated_kconfig = kunit_config.Kconfig()
> + validated_kconfig.read_from_file(KCONFIG_PATH)
> + if not self._kconfig.is_subset_of(validated_kconfig):
> + logging.error('Provided Kconfig is not contained in validated .config!')
> + return False
> + return True
> +
> + def build_reconfig(self):
> + """Creates a new .config if it is not a subset of the kunitconfig."""
> + if os.path.exists(KCONFIG_PATH):
> + existing_kconfig = kunit_config.Kconfig()
> + existing_kconfig.read_from_file(KCONFIG_PATH)
> + if not self._kconfig.is_subset_of(existing_kconfig):
> + print('Regenerating .config ...')
> + os.remove(KCONFIG_PATH)
> + return self.build_config()
> + else:
> + return True
> + else:
> + print('Generating .config ...')
> + return self.build_config()
> +
> + def build_um_kernel(self, jobs):
> + try:
> + self._ops.make_olddefconfig()
> + self._ops.make(jobs)
> + except (ConfigError, BuildError) as e:
> + logging.error(e)
> + return False
> + used_kconfig = kunit_config.Kconfig()
> + used_kconfig.read_from_file(KCONFIG_PATH)
> + if not self._kconfig.is_subset_of(used_kconfig):
> + logging.error('Provided Kconfig is not contained in final config!')
> + return False
> + return True
> +
> + def run_kernel(self, args=[]):
> + timeout = None
> + args.extend(['mem=256M'])
> + process = self._ops.linux_bin(args, timeout)
> + with open('test.log', 'w') as f:
> + for line in process.stdout:
> + f.write(line.rstrip().decode('ascii') + '\n')
> + yield line.rstrip().decode('ascii')
>

--
Regards
--
Kieran

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