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Subject[PATCH v3 4/7] zram: introduce ZRAM_IDLE flag
Date
To support idle page writeback with upcoming patches, this patch
introduces a new ZRAM_IDLE flag.

Userspace can mark zram slots as "idle" via
"echo all > /sys/block/zramX/idle"
which marks every allocated zram slot as ZRAM_IDLE.
User could see it by /sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram0/block_state.

300 75.033841 ...i
301 63.806904 s..i
302 63.806919 ..hi

Once there is IO for the slot, the mark will be disappeared.

300 75.033841 ...
301 63.806904 s..i
302 63.806919 ..hi

Therefore, 300th block is idle zpage. With this feature,
user can how many zram has idle pages which are waste of memory.

Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram | 8 +++
Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt | 10 ++--
drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
index c1513c756af1..04c9a5980bc7 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
@@ -98,3 +98,11 @@ Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
The backing_dev file is read-write and set up backing
device for zram to write incompressible pages.
For using, user should enable CONFIG_ZRAM_WRITEBACK.
+
+What: /sys/block/zram<id>/idle
+Date: November 2018
+Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
+Description:
+ idle file is write-only and mark zram slot as idle.
+ If system has mounted debugfs, user can see which slots
+ are idle via /sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram<id>/block_state
diff --git a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
index 3c1b5ab54bc0..f3bcd716d8a9 100644
--- a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
+++ b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
@@ -169,6 +169,7 @@ comp_algorithm RW show and change the compression algorithm
compact WO trigger memory compaction
debug_stat RO this file is used for zram debugging purposes
backing_dev RW set up backend storage for zram to write out
+idle WO mark allocated slot as idle


User space is advised to use the following files to read the device statistics.
@@ -251,16 +252,17 @@ pages of the process with*pagemap.
If you enable the feature, you could see block state via
/sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram0/block_state". The output is as follows,

- 300 75.033841 .wh
- 301 63.806904 s..
- 302 63.806919 ..h
+ 300 75.033841 .wh.
+ 301 63.806904 s...
+ 302 63.806919 ..hi

First column is zram's block index.
Second column is access time since the system was booted
Third column is state of the block.
(s: same page
w: written page to backing store
-h: huge page)
+h: huge page
+i: idle page)

First line of above example says 300th block is accessed at 75.033841sec
and the block's state is huge so it is written back to the backing
diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
index 4457d0395bfb..180613b478a6 100644
--- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
+++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c
@@ -281,6 +281,47 @@ static ssize_t mem_used_max_store(struct device *dev,
return len;
}

+static ssize_t idle_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+ struct zram *zram = dev_to_zram(dev);
+ unsigned long nr_pages = zram->disksize >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ int index;
+ char mode_buf[8];
+ ssize_t sz;
+
+ sz = strscpy(mode_buf, buf, sizeof(mode_buf));
+ if (sz <= 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* ignore trailing new line */
+ if (mode_buf[sz - 1] == '\n')
+ mode_buf[sz - 1] = 0x00;
+
+ if (strcmp(mode_buf, "all"))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ down_read(&zram->init_lock);
+ if (!init_done(zram)) {
+ up_read(&zram->init_lock);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ for (index = 0; index < nr_pages; index++) {
+ zram_slot_lock(zram, index);
+ if (!zram_allocated(zram, index))
+ goto next;
+
+ zram_set_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE);
+next:
+ zram_slot_unlock(zram, index);
+ }
+
+ up_read(&zram->init_lock);
+
+ return len;
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_WRITEBACK
static void reset_bdev(struct zram *zram)
{
@@ -638,6 +679,7 @@ static void zram_debugfs_destroy(void)

static void zram_accessed(struct zram *zram, u32 index)
{
+ zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE);
zram->table[index].ac_time = ktime_get_boottime();
}

@@ -670,12 +712,13 @@ static ssize_t read_block_state(struct file *file, char __user *buf,

ts = ktime_to_timespec64(zram->table[index].ac_time);
copied = snprintf(kbuf + written, count,
- "%12zd %12lld.%06lu %c%c%c\n",
+ "%12zd %12lld.%06lu %c%c%c%c\n",
index, (s64)ts.tv_sec,
ts.tv_nsec / NSEC_PER_USEC,
zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_SAME) ? 's' : '.',
zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_WB) ? 'w' : '.',
- zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_HUGE) ? 'h' : '.');
+ zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_HUGE) ? 'h' : '.',
+ zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE) ? 'i' : '.');

if (count < copied) {
zram_slot_unlock(zram, index);
@@ -720,7 +763,10 @@ static void zram_debugfs_unregister(struct zram *zram)
#else
static void zram_debugfs_create(void) {};
static void zram_debugfs_destroy(void) {};
-static void zram_accessed(struct zram *zram, u32 index) {};
+static void zram_accessed(struct zram *zram, u32 index)
+{
+ zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE);
+};
static void zram_debugfs_register(struct zram *zram) {};
static void zram_debugfs_unregister(struct zram *zram) {};
#endif
@@ -924,6 +970,9 @@ static void zram_free_page(struct zram *zram, size_t index)
#ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_MEMORY_TRACKING
zram->table[index].ac_time = 0;
#endif
+ if (zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE))
+ zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_IDLE);
+
if (zram_test_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_HUGE)) {
zram_clear_flag(zram, index, ZRAM_HUGE);
atomic64_dec(&zram->stats.huge_pages);
@@ -1589,6 +1638,7 @@ static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(initstate);
static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(reset);
static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(mem_limit);
static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(mem_used_max);
+static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(idle);
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(max_comp_streams);
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(comp_algorithm);
#ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_WRITEBACK
@@ -1602,6 +1652,7 @@ static struct attribute *zram_disk_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_compact.attr,
&dev_attr_mem_limit.attr,
&dev_attr_mem_used_max.attr,
+ &dev_attr_idle.attr,
&dev_attr_max_comp_streams.attr,
&dev_attr_comp_algorithm.attr,
#ifdef CONFIG_ZRAM_WRITEBACK
diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
index 4f83f1f14b0a..a84611b97867 100644
--- a/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
+++ b/drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ enum zram_pageflags {
ZRAM_SAME, /* Page consists the same element */
ZRAM_WB, /* page is stored on backing_device */
ZRAM_HUGE, /* Incompressible page */
+ ZRAM_IDLE, /* not accessed page since last idle marking */

__NR_ZRAM_PAGEFLAGS,
};
--
2.20.0.rc0.387.gc7a69e6b6c-goog
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