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Subject[PATCH 12/13] blkcg: change blkg reference counting to use percpu_ref
Date
Every bio is now associated with a blkg putting blkg_get, blkg_try_get,
and blkg_put on the hot path. Switch over the refcnt in blkg to use
percpu_ref.

Signed-off-by: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
---
block/blk-cgroup.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
include/linux/blk-cgroup.h | 15 +++++---------
2 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-cgroup.c b/block/blk-cgroup.c
index dfd984bbed27..64ce424a78fd 100644
--- a/block/blk-cgroup.c
+++ b/block/blk-cgroup.c
@@ -81,6 +81,37 @@ static void blkg_free(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
kfree(blkg);
}

+static void __blkg_release(struct rcu_head *rcu)
+{
+ struct blkcg_gq *blkg = container_of(rcu, struct blkcg_gq, rcu_head);
+
+ percpu_ref_exit(&blkg->refcnt);
+
+ /* release the blkcg and parent blkg refs this blkg has been holding */
+ css_put(&blkg->blkcg->css);
+ if (blkg->parent)
+ blkg_put(blkg->parent);
+
+ wb_congested_put(blkg->wb_congested);
+
+ blkg_free(blkg);
+}
+
+/*
+ * A group is RCU protected, but having an rcu lock does not mean that one
+ * can access all the fields of blkg and assume these are valid. For
+ * example, don't try to follow throtl_data and request queue links.
+ *
+ * Having a reference to blkg under an rcu allows accesses to only values
+ * local to groups like group stats and group rate limits.
+ */
+static void blkg_release(struct percpu_ref *ref)
+{
+ struct blkcg_gq *blkg = container_of(ref, struct blkcg_gq, refcnt);
+
+ call_rcu(&blkg->rcu_head, __blkg_release);
+}
+
/**
* blkg_alloc - allocate a blkg
* @blkcg: block cgroup the new blkg is associated with
@@ -107,7 +138,6 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_alloc(struct blkcg *blkcg, struct request_queue *q,
blkg->q = q;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&blkg->q_node);
blkg->blkcg = blkcg;
- atomic_set(&blkg->refcnt, 1);

for (i = 0; i < BLKCG_MAX_POLS; i++) {
struct blkcg_policy *pol = blkcg_policy[i];
@@ -207,6 +237,11 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
blkg_get(blkg->parent);
}

+ ret = percpu_ref_init(&blkg->refcnt, blkg_release, 0,
+ GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_cancel_ref;
+
/* invoke per-policy init */
for (i = 0; i < BLKCG_MAX_POLS; i++) {
struct blkcg_policy *pol = blkcg_policy[i];
@@ -239,6 +274,8 @@ static struct blkcg_gq *blkg_create(struct blkcg *blkcg,
blkg_put(blkg);
return ERR_PTR(ret);

+err_cancel_ref:
+ percpu_ref_exit(&blkg->refcnt);
err_put_congested:
wb_congested_put(wb_congested);
err_put_css:
@@ -369,7 +406,7 @@ static void blkg_destroy(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
* Put the reference taken at the time of creation so that when all
* queues are gone, group can be destroyed.
*/
- blkg_put(blkg);
+ percpu_ref_kill(&blkg->refcnt);
}

/**
diff --git a/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
index 6f3bb5e82a57..fc23bb758566 100644
--- a/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/blk-cgroup.h
@@ -123,7 +123,7 @@ struct blkcg_gq {
struct blkcg_gq *parent;

/* reference count */
- atomic_t refcnt;
+ struct percpu_ref refcnt;

/* is this blkg online? protected by both blkcg and q locks */
bool online;
@@ -486,8 +486,7 @@ static inline int blkg_path(struct blkcg_gq *blkg, char *buf, int buflen)
*/
static inline void blkg_get(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
{
- WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&blkg->refcnt) <= 0);
- atomic_inc(&blkg->refcnt);
+ percpu_ref_get(&blkg->refcnt);
}

/**
@@ -499,7 +498,7 @@ static inline void blkg_get(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
*/
static inline struct blkcg_gq *blkg_try_get(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
{
- if (atomic_inc_not_zero(&blkg->refcnt))
+ if (percpu_ref_tryget(&blkg->refcnt))
return blkg;
return NULL;
}
@@ -513,23 +512,19 @@ static inline struct blkcg_gq *blkg_try_get(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
*/
static inline struct blkcg_gq *blkg_try_get_closest(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
{
- while (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&blkg->refcnt))
+ while (!percpu_ref_tryget(&blkg->refcnt))
blkg = blkg->parent;

return blkg;
}

-void __blkg_release_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu);
-
/**
* blkg_put - put a blkg reference
* @blkg: blkg to put
*/
static inline void blkg_put(struct blkcg_gq *blkg)
{
- WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&blkg->refcnt) <= 0);
- if (atomic_dec_and_test(&blkg->refcnt))
- call_rcu(&blkg->rcu_head, __blkg_release_rcu);
+ percpu_ref_put(&blkg->refcnt);
}

/**
--
2.17.1
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