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Subject[PATCH RESEND v3 0/3] ptrace: add PTRACE_GET_SYSCALL_INFO request
Resent with linux-api@ Cc'ed.

PTRACE_GET_SYSCALL_INFO lets ptracer obtain details of the syscall
the tracee is blocked in. The request succeeds when the tracee is in a
syscall-enter-stop, syscall-exit-stop or PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP stop,
and fails with -EINVAL otherwise.

There are two reasons for a special syscall-related ptrace request.

Firstly, with the current ptrace API there are cases when ptracer cannot
retrieve necessary information about syscalls. Some examples include:
* The notorious int-0x80-from-64-bit-task issue. See [1] for details.
In short, if a 64-bit task performs a syscall through int 0x80, its tracer
has no reliable means to find out that the syscall was, in fact,
a compat syscall, and misidentifies it.
* Syscall-enter-stop and syscall-exit-stop look the same for the tracer.
Common practice is to keep track of the sequence of ptrace-stops in order
not to mix the two syscall-stops up. But it is not as simple as it looks;
for example, strace had a (just recently fixed) long-standing bug where
attaching strace to a tracee that is performing the execve system call
led to the tracer identifying the following syscall-exit-stop as
syscall-enter-stop, which messed up all the state tracking.
* Since the introduction of commit 84d77d3f06e7e8dea057d10e8ec77ad71f721be3
("ptrace: Don't allow accessing an undumpable mm"), both PTRACE_PEEKDATA
and process_vm_readv become unavailable when the process dumpable flag
is cleared. On such architectures as ia64 this results in all syscall
arguments being unavailable.

Secondly, ptracers also have to support a lot of arch-specific code for
obtaining information about the tracee. For some architectures, this
requires a ptrace(PTRACE_PEEKUSER, ...) invocation for every syscall
argument and return value.

PTRACE_GET_SYSCALL_INFO returns the following structure:

struct ptrace_syscall_info {
__u8 op; /* PTRACE_SYSCALL_INFO_* */
__u8 __pad0[3];
__u32 arch;
union {
struct {
__u64 nr;
__u64 instruction_pointer;
__u64 stack_pointer;
__u64 frame_pointer;
__u64 args[6];
} entry;
struct {
__s64 rval;
__u8 is_error;
__u8 __pad1[7];
} exit;
};
};

The structure was chosen according to [2], except for the following
changes:
* arch is returned unconditionally to aid with tracing system calls such as
execve();
* the type of nr field was changed from int to __u64 because syscall
numbers are, as a practical matter, 64 bits;
* stack_pointer and frame_pointer fields were added along with
instruction_pointer field since they are readily available and can save
the tracer from extra PTRACE_GETREGSET calls;
* a boolean is_error field was added along with rval field, this way
the tracer can more reliably distinguish a return value
from an error value.

This changeset should be applied on top of [3] and [4].

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CA+55aFzcSVmdDj9Lh_gdbz1OzHyEm6ZrGPBDAJnywm2LF_eVyg@mail.gmail.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CAObL_7GM0n80N7J_DFw_eQyfLyzq+sf4y2AvsCCV88Tb3AwEHA@mail.gmail.com/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181119210139.GA8360@altlinux.org/
[4] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20181120001128.GA11300@altlinux.org/

v3: Split into three changes.
Change struct ptrace_syscall_info.
Support PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP by adding ptrace_event to task_struct.
Add proper defines for ptrace_syscall_info.op values.
Rename PT_SYSCALL_IS_ENTERING and PT_SYSCALL_IS_EXITING to
PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY and PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT and move
them to uapi.

Elvira Khabirova (3):
ptrace: pass type of a syscall-stop in ptrace_message
ptrace: add PTRACE_GET_SYSCALL_INFO request
ptrace: add PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP support to PTRACE_GET_SYSCALL_INFO

include/linux/ptrace.h | 1 +
include/linux/sched.h | 1 +
include/linux/tracehook.h | 10 ++++---
include/uapi/linux/ptrace.h | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/ptrace.c | 53 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--
2.19.1

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