lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Nov]   [25]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 2/3] iio: chemical: add support for Sensirion SPS30 sensor
Date
Add support for Sensirion SPS30 particulate matter sensor.

Signed-off-by: Tomasz Duszynski <tduszyns@gmail.com>
---
drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig | 11 ++
drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/iio/chemical/sps30.c | 359 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 371 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/iio/chemical/sps30.c

diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
index b8e005be4f87..40057ecf8130 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Kconfig
@@ -61,6 +61,17 @@ config IAQCORE
iAQ-Core Continuous/Pulsed VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds)
sensors

+config SPS30
+ tristate "SPS30 Particulate Matter sensor"
+ depends on I2C
+ select CRC8
+ help
+ Say Y here to build support for the Sensirion SPS30 Particulate
+ Matter sensor.
+
+ To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module will
+ be called sps30.
+
config VZ89X
tristate "SGX Sensortech MiCS VZ89X VOC sensor"
depends on I2C
diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
index 2f4c4ba4d781..9f42f4252151 100644
--- a/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/Makefile
@@ -9,4 +9,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BME680_I2C) += bme680_i2c.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BME680_SPI) += bme680_spi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CCS811) += ccs811.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IAQCORE) += ams-iaq-core.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPS30) += sps30.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VZ89X) += vz89x.o
diff --git a/drivers/iio/chemical/sps30.c b/drivers/iio/chemical/sps30.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bf802621ae7f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/iio/chemical/sps30.c
@@ -0,0 +1,359 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Sensirion SPS30 Particulate Matter sensor driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) Tomasz Duszynski <tduszyns@gmail.com>
+ *
+ * I2C slave address: 0x69
+ *
+ * TODO:
+ * - support for turning on fan cleaning
+ * - support for reading/setting auto cleaning interval
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "sps30: " fmt
+
+#include <linux/crc8.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
+#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
+#include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/iio/trigger_consumer.h>
+#include <linux/iio/triggered_buffer.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+#define SPS30_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL 0x31
+
+/* SPS30 commands */
+#define SPS30_START_MEAS 0x0010
+#define SPS30_STOP_MEAS 0x0104
+#define SPS30_RESET 0xd304
+#define SPS30_READ_DATA_READY_FLAG 0x0202
+#define SPS30_READ_DATA 0x0300
+#define SPS30_READ_SERIAL 0xD033
+
+#define SPS30_CHAN(_index, _mod) { \
+ .type = IIO_MASSCONCENTRATION, \
+ .modified = 1, \
+ .channel2 = IIO_MOD_ ## _mod, \
+ .info_mask_separate = BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED), \
+ .scan_index = _index, \
+ .scan_type = { \
+ .sign = 'u', \
+ .realbits = 12, \
+ .storagebits = 32, \
+ .endianness = IIO_CPU, \
+ }, \
+}
+
+enum {
+ PM1p0, /* just a placeholder */
+ PM2p5,
+ PM4p0, /* just a placeholder */
+ PM10,
+};
+
+struct sps30_state {
+ struct i2c_client *client;
+ /* guards against concurrent access to sensor registers */
+ struct mutex lock;
+};
+
+DECLARE_CRC8_TABLE(sps30_crc8_table);
+
+static int sps30_write_then_read(struct sps30_state *state, u8 *buf,
+ int buf_size, u8 *data, int data_size)
+{
+ /* every two received data bytes are checksummed */
+ u8 tmp[data_size + data_size / 2];
+ int ret, i;
+
+ /*
+ * Sensor does not support repeated start so instead of
+ * sending two i2c messages in a row we just send one by one.
+ */
+ ret = i2c_master_send(state->client, buf, buf_size);
+ if (ret != buf_size)
+ return ret < 0 ? ret : -EIO;
+
+ if (!data)
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = i2c_master_recv(state->client, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
+ if (ret != sizeof(tmp))
+ return ret < 0 ? ret : -EIO;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < sizeof(tmp); i += 3) {
+ u8 crc = crc8(sps30_crc8_table, &tmp[i], 2, CRC8_INIT_VALUE);
+
+ if (crc != tmp[i + 2]) {
+ dev_err(&state->client->dev,
+ "data integrity check failed\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ *data++ = tmp[i];
+ *data++ = tmp[i + 1];
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sps30_do_cmd(struct sps30_state *state, u16 cmd, u8 *data, int size)
+{
+ /* depending on the command up to 3 bytes may be needed for argument */
+ u8 buf[sizeof(cmd) + 3] = { cmd >> 8, cmd };
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SPS30_START_MEAS:
+ buf[2] = 0x03;
+ buf[3] = 0x00;
+ buf[4] = 0xac; /* precomputed crc */
+ return sps30_write_then_read(state, buf, 5, NULL, 0);
+ case SPS30_STOP_MEAS:
+ case SPS30_RESET:
+ return sps30_write_then_read(state, buf, 2, NULL, 0);
+ case SPS30_READ_DATA_READY_FLAG:
+ case SPS30_READ_DATA:
+ case SPS30_READ_SERIAL:
+ return sps30_write_then_read(state, buf, 2, data, size);
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ };
+}
+
+static int sps30_ieee754_to_int(const u8 *data)
+{
+ u32 val = ((u32)data[0] << 24) | ((u32)data[1] << 16) |
+ ((u32)data[2] << 8) | (u32)data[3],
+ mantissa = (val << 9) >> 9;
+ int exp = (val >> 23) - 127;
+
+ if (!exp && !mantissa)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (exp < 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ return (1 << exp) + (mantissa >> (23 - exp));
+}
+
+static int sps30_do_meas(struct sps30_state *state, int *pm2p5, int *pm10)
+{
+ /*
+ * Internally sensor stores measurements in a following manner:
+ *
+ * PM1p0: upper two bytes, crc8, lower two bytes, crc8
+ * PM2p5: upper two bytes, crc8, lower two bytes, crc8
+ * PM4p0: upper two bytes, crc8, lower two bytes, crc8
+ * PM10: upper two bytes, crc8, lower two bytes, crc8
+ *
+ * What follows next are number concentration measurements and
+ * typical particle size measurement.
+ *
+ * Once data is read from sensor crc bytes are stripped off
+ * hence we need 16 bytes of buffer space.
+ */
+ int ret, tries = 5;
+ u8 buf[16];
+
+ while (tries--) {
+ ret = sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_READ_DATA_READY_FLAG, buf, 2);
+ if (ret)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ /* new measurements ready to be read */
+ if (buf[1] == 1)
+ break;
+
+ usleep_range(300000, 400000);
+ }
+
+ if (!tries)
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+ ret = sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_READ_DATA, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ /*
+ * All measurements come in IEEE754 single precision floating point
+ * format but sensor itself is not precise enough (-+ 10% error)
+ * to take full advantage of it. Hence converting result to int
+ * to keep things simple.
+ */
+ *pm2p5 = sps30_ieee754_to_int(&buf[PM2p5 * 4]);
+ *pm10 = sps30_ieee754_to_int(&buf[PM10 * 4]);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t sps30_trigger_handler(int irq, void *p)
+{
+ struct iio_poll_func *pf = p;
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = pf->indio_dev;
+ struct sps30_state *state = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ u32 buf[4]; /* PM2p5, PM10, timestamp */
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&state->lock);
+ ret = sps30_do_meas(state, &buf[0], &buf[1]);
+ mutex_unlock(&state->lock);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto err;
+
+ iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, buf,
+ iio_get_time_ns(indio_dev));
+err:
+ iio_trigger_notify_done(indio_dev->trig);
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int sps30_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
+ struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
+ int *val, int *val2, long mask)
+{
+ struct sps30_state *state = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ int ret;
+
+ switch (mask) {
+ case IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED:
+ switch (chan->type) {
+ case IIO_MASSCONCENTRATION:
+ mutex_lock(&state->lock);
+ switch (chan->channel2) {
+ case IIO_MOD_PM2p5:
+ ret = sps30_do_meas(state, val, val2);
+ break;
+ case IIO_MOD_PM10:
+ ret = sps30_do_meas(state, val2, val);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&state->lock);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return IIO_VAL_INT;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+static const struct iio_info sps30_info = {
+ .read_raw = sps30_read_raw,
+};
+
+static const struct iio_chan_spec sps30_channels[] = {
+ SPS30_CHAN(0, PM2p5),
+ SPS30_CHAN(1, PM10),
+ IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(2),
+};
+
+static const unsigned long sps30_scan_masks[] = { 0x03, 0x00 };
+
+static int sps30_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
+ struct sps30_state *state;
+ u8 buf[32] = { };
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter, I2C_FUNC_I2C))
+ return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+
+ indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*state));
+ if (!indio_dev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ state = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+ i2c_set_clientdata(client, indio_dev);
+ state->client = client;
+ indio_dev->dev.parent = &client->dev;
+ indio_dev->info = &sps30_info;
+ indio_dev->name = client->name;
+ indio_dev->channels = sps30_channels;
+ indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(sps30_channels);
+ indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
+ indio_dev->available_scan_masks = sps30_scan_masks;
+
+ mutex_init(&state->lock);
+ crc8_populate_msb(sps30_crc8_table, SPS30_CRC8_POLYNOMIAL);
+
+ /*
+ * Power-on-reset causes sensor to produce some glitch on i2c bus
+ * and some controllers end up in error state. Recover simply
+ * by placing something on the bus.
+ */
+ ret = sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_RESET, NULL, 0);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to reset device\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+ usleep_range(2500000, 3500000);
+ sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_STOP_MEAS, NULL, 0);
+
+ ret = sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_READ_SERIAL, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to read serial number\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+ dev_info(&client->dev, "serial number: %s\n", buf);
+
+ ret = sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_START_MEAS, NULL, 0);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&client->dev, "failed to start measurement\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = devm_iio_triggered_buffer_setup(&client->dev, indio_dev, NULL,
+ sps30_trigger_handler, NULL);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return devm_iio_device_register(&client->dev, indio_dev);
+}
+
+static int sps30_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+ struct iio_dev *indio_dev = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
+ struct sps30_state *state = iio_priv(indio_dev);
+
+ sps30_do_cmd(state, SPS30_STOP_MEAS, NULL, 0);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct i2c_device_id sps30_id[] = {
+ { "sps30" },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, sps30_id);
+
+static const struct of_device_id sps30_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "sensirion,sps30" },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, sps30_of_match);
+
+static struct i2c_driver sps30_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "sps30",
+ .of_match_table = sps30_of_match,
+ },
+ .id_table = sps30_id,
+ .probe_new = sps30_probe,
+ .remove = sps30_remove,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(sps30_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Tomasz Duszynski <tduszyns@gmail.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sensirion SPS30 particulate matter sensor driver");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.19.2
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-11-24 23:15    [W:0.136 / U:0.156 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site