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SubjectRe: [PATCH 02/11] mfd: da9055-core: make it explicitly non-modular
[Re: [PATCH 02/11] mfd: da9055-core: make it explicitly non-modular] On 22/11/2018 (Thu 22:14) Paul Gortmaker wrote:

> [Re: [PATCH 02/11] mfd: da9055-core: make it explicitly non-modular] On 23/11/2018 (Fri 10:21) kbuild test robot wrote:


> >
> > All errors (new ones prefixed by >>):
> >
> > drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.o: In function `da9055_i2c_remove':
> > >> drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.c:53: undefined reference to `da9055_device_exit'
> Thanks for the report -- I'll look into what causes it, why my testing
> didn't see it, and get an update to Lee as soon as possible.

OK, mystery solved. I chose this smaller subset of MFD "simple" patches
from my pending queue of MFD patches - to create a reasonable sized
maintainer-friendly send, based on patches with zero runtime changes.

My other pending MFD patches have a trivial runtime behavior change;
deleting a ".remove" field/function - that will never be used for a
non-module case, but in theory could be (pointlessly) triggered by
forcing a driver unbind. (see mainline 98b72b94def9 as an example)
Patches like this were left behind for a future send batch.

Unfortunately that allowed me to overlook the fact that patch #2 link
depended on the below ".remove" patch (not sent) to be applied 1st.

Lee, what would you like to have happen? I can resend the queue with
this patch, or I can resend with #2 being temporarily deferred until
a future patch batch that has the below da9055-i2c in it, or ...

Whatever is easiest for you - let me know.


From da28030dbcdcd5cb4807ad18dfa6fd4773719ad0 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Paul Gortmaker <>
Date: Sun, 6 Sep 2015 22:10:34 -0400
Subject: [PATCH] mfd: da9055-i2c: Make it explicitly non-modular

The Makefile/Kconfig currently controlling compilation of this code is:

drivers/mfd/Makefile:da9055-objs := da9055-core.o da9055-i2c.o
drivers/mfd/Makefile:obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_DA9055) += da9055.o

...meaning that it currently is not being built as a module by anyone.

Lets remove the modular code that is essentially orphaned, so that
when reading the driver there is no doubt it is builtin-only.

We explicitly disallow a driver unbind, since that doesn't have a
sensible use case anyway, and it allows us to drop the ".remove"
code for non-modular drivers.

Since module_init was not in use by this code, the init ordering
remains unchanged with this commit.

Also note that MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE is a no-op for non-modular code.

We also delete the MODULE_LICENSE tag etc. since all that information
is already contained at the top of the file in the comments.

Cc: Support Opensource <>
Cc: Lee Jones <>
Cc: David Dajun Chen <>
Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <>

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.c b/drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.c
index b53e100f577c..7c66f82522f0 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.c
+++ b/drivers/mfd/da9055-i2c.c
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@

-#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
@@ -46,15 +46,6 @@ static int da9055_i2c_probe(struct i2c_client *i2c,
return da9055_device_init(da9055);

-static int da9055_i2c_remove(struct i2c_client *i2c)
- struct da9055 *da9055 = i2c_get_clientdata(i2c);
- da9055_device_exit(da9055);
- return 0;
* DO NOT change the device Ids. The naming is intentionally specific as both
* the PMIC and CODEC parts of this chip are instantiated separately as I2C
@@ -66,7 +57,6 @@ static struct i2c_device_id da9055_i2c_id[] = {
{"da9055-pmic", 0},
{ }
-MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(i2c, da9055_i2c_id);

static const struct of_device_id da9055_of_match[] = {
{ .compatible = "dlg,da9055-pmic", },
@@ -75,11 +65,11 @@ static const struct of_device_id da9055_of_match[] = {

static struct i2c_driver da9055_i2c_driver = {
.probe = da9055_i2c_probe,
- .remove = da9055_i2c_remove,
.id_table = da9055_i2c_id,
.driver = {
.name = "da9055-pmic",
.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(da9055_of_match),
+ .suppress_bind_attrs = true,

@@ -96,13 +86,3 @@ static int __init da9055_i2c_init(void)
return 0;
-static void __exit da9055_i2c_exit(void)
- i2c_del_driver(&da9055_i2c_driver);
-MODULE_AUTHOR("David Dajun Chen <>");
-MODULE_DESCRIPTION("I2C driver for Dialog DA9055 PMIC");
 \ /
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