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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] spi: Add Renesas R-Car RPC SPI controller driver
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On 11/23/2018 01:45 AM, masonccyang@mxic.com.tw wrote:
> Hi Marek,

Hi,

>> > +
>> > +struct rpc_spi {
>> > +   struct clk *clk_rpc;
>> > +   void __iomem *regs;
>> > +   struct {
>> > +      void __iomem *map;
>> > +      dma_addr_t dma;
>> > +      size_t size;
>> > +   } linear;
>>
>> Does this need it's own struct ?
>>
>
> yup, I think it's better.
> In case no "dirmap" in dtb and no direct mapping mode implemented.
>
>
>> > +   u32 cur_speed_hz;
>> > +   u32 cmd;
>> > +   u32 addr;
>> > +   u32 dummy;
>> > +   u32 smcr;
>> > +   u32 smenr;
>> > +   u32 xferlen;
>> > +   u32 totalxferlen;
>>
>> This register cache might be a good candidate for regmap ?
>
> I don't know what does it mean ?
> Could you give me more information!

See include/linux/regmap.h and git grep regmap drivers/ for examples.

>> > +   enum spi_mem_data_dir xfer_dir;
>> > +};
>> > +
>> > +static int rpc_spi_set_freq(struct rpc_spi *rpc, unsigned long freq)
>> > +{
>> > +   int ret;
>> > +
>> > +   if (rpc->cur_speed_hz == freq)
>> > +      return 0;
>> > +
>> > +   clk_disable_unprepare(rpc->clk_rpc);
>> > +   ret = clk_set_rate(rpc->clk_rpc, freq);
>> > +   if (ret)
>> > +      return ret;
>> > +
>> > +   ret = clk_prepare_enable(rpc->clk_rpc);
>> > +   if (ret)
>> > +      return ret;
>>
>> Is this clock disable/update/enable really needed ? I'd think that
>> clk_set_rate() would handle the rate update correctly.
>
> As Gerrt mentioned, I will remove them.
>
>
>> > +static int wait_msg_xfer_end(struct rpc_spi *rpc)
>> > +{
>> > +   u32 sts;
>> > +
>> > +   return readl_poll_timeout(rpc->regs + RPC_CMNSR, sts,
>> > +              sts & RPC_CMNSR_TEND, 0, USEC_PER_SEC);
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static u8 rpc_bits_xfer(u32 nbytes)
>> > +{
>> > +   u8 databyte;
>> > +
>> > +   switch (nbytes) {
>>
>> Did you ever test unaligned writes and reads ? There are some nasty edge
>> cases in those.
>>
>> Also, I think you can calculate the number of set bits using a simple
>> function, so the switch-case might not even be needed.
>>
>
> Any example function ?

Nope, you'd have to think of one. You need to fill $nbytes bits from top
down. I think you can somehow use GENMASK() .

>> > +   case 1:
>> > +      databyte = 0x8;
>> > +      break;
>> > +   case 2:
>> > +      databyte = 0xc;
>> > +      break;
>> > +   default:
>> > +      databyte = 0xf;
>> > +      break;
>> > +   }
>> > +
>> > +   return databyte;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static int rpc_spi_io_xfer(struct rpc_spi *rpc,
>> > +            const void *tx_buf, void *rx_buf)
>> > +{
>> > +   u32 smenr, smcr, data, pos = 0;
>> > +   int ret = 0;
>> > +
>> > +   writel(RPC_CMNCR_MD | RPC_CMNCR_SFDE | RPC_CMNCR_MOIIO_HIZ |
>> > +          RPC_CMNCR_IOFV_HIZ | RPC_CMNCR_BSZ(0), rpc->regs +
> RPC_CMNCR);
>> > +   writel(0x0, rpc->regs + RPC_SMDRENR);
>> > +
>> > +   if (tx_buf) {
>> > +      writel(rpc->cmd, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCMR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->dummy, rpc->regs + RPC_SMDMCR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->addr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMADR);
>> > +      smenr = rpc->smenr;
>> > +
>> > +      while (pos < rpc->xferlen) {
>> > +         u32 nbytes = rpc->xferlen  - pos;
>> > +
>> > +         writel(*(u32 *)(tx_buf + pos), rpc->regs + RPC_SMWDR0);
>> > +
>> > +         if (nbytes > 4) {
>> > +            nbytes = 4;
>> > +            smcr = rpc->smcr |
>> > +                   RPC_SMCR_SPIE | RPC_SMCR_SSLKP;
>> > +         } else {
>> > +            smcr = rpc->smcr | RPC_SMCR_SPIE;
>> > +         }
>> > +
>> > +         writel(smenr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMENR);
>> > +         writel(smcr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCR);
>> > +         ret = wait_msg_xfer_end(rpc);
>> > +         if (ret)
>> > +            goto out;
>> > +
>> > +         pos += nbytes;
>> > +         smenr = rpc->smenr & ~RPC_SMENR_CDE &
>> > +                    ~RPC_SMENR_ADE(0xf);
>> > +      }
>> > +   } else if (rx_buf) {
>> > +      while (pos < rpc->xferlen) {
>> > +         u32 nbytes = rpc->xferlen  - pos;
>> > +
>> > +         if (nbytes > 4)
>> > +            nbytes = 4;
>> > +
>> > +         writel(rpc->cmd, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCMR);
>> > +         writel(rpc->dummy, rpc->regs + RPC_SMDMCR);
>> > +         writel(rpc->addr + pos, rpc->regs + RPC_SMADR);
>> > +         writel(rpc->smenr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMENR);
>> > +         writel(rpc->smcr | RPC_SMCR_SPIE, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCR);
>> > +         ret = wait_msg_xfer_end(rpc);
>> > +         if (ret)
>> > +            goto out;
>> > +
>> > +         data = readl(rpc->regs + RPC_SMRDR0);
>> > +         memcpy_fromio(rx_buf + pos, (void *)&data, nbytes);
>> > +         pos += nbytes;
>> > +      }
>> > +   } else {
>> > +      writel(rpc->cmd, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCMR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->dummy, rpc->regs + RPC_SMDMCR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->addr + pos, rpc->regs + RPC_SMADR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->smenr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMENR);
>> > +      writel(rpc->smcr | RPC_SMCR_SPIE, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCR);
>> > +      ret = wait_msg_xfer_end(rpc);
>> > +   }
>> > +out:
>>
>> Dont you need to stop the RPC somehow in case the transmission fails ?
>>
>
> I can't find any RPC registers can do this !
>
> Do you know how to do this ?

It should be in the RPC datasheet ? It's likely going to involve SMCR,
possibly clear SPIE bit and maybe some more.

>> > +   writel(rpc->cmd, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCMR);
>> > +   writel(offs, rpc->regs + RPC_SMADR);
>> > +   writel(rpc->smenr, rpc->regs + RPC_SMENR);
>> > +   writel(rpc->smcr | RPC_SMCR_SPIE, rpc->regs + RPC_SMCR);
>> > +   ret = wait_msg_xfer_end(rpc);
>> > +   if (ret)
>> > +      goto out;
>> > +
>> > +   writel(RPC_DRCR_RCF, rpc->regs + RPC_DRCR);
>> > +   writel(RPC_PHYCNT_CAL | RPC_PHYCNT_STRTIM(0) | 0x260,
>> > +          rpc->regs + RPC_PHYCNT);
>> > +
>> > +   return len;
>> > +out:
>>
>> Shouldn't you shut the controller down if the xfer fails ?
>
> Any registers can shut down RPC controller ?
> SW reset ?

Possibly, can you research it ?

>> > +   return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static int rpc_spi_mem_dirmap_create(struct spi_mem_dirmap_desc *desc)
>> > +{
>> > +   struct rpc_spi *rpc =
> spi_master_get_devdata(desc->mem->spi->master);
>> > +
>> > +   if (desc->info.offset + desc->info.length > U32_MAX)
>> > +      return -ENOTSUPP;
>> > +
>> > +   if (!rpc_spi_mem_supports_op(desc->mem, &desc->info.op_tmpl))
>> > +      return -ENOTSUPP;
>> > +
>> > +   if (!rpc->linear.map &&
>> > +       desc->info.op_tmpl.data.dir == SPI_MEM_DATA_IN)
>> > +      return -ENOTSUPP;
>> > +
>> > +   return 0;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static int rpc_spi_mem_exec_op(struct spi_mem *mem,
>> > +                const struct spi_mem_op *op)
>> > +{
>> > +   struct rpc_spi *rpc = spi_master_get_devdata(mem->spi->master);
>> > +   int ret;
>> > +
>> > +   ret = rpc_spi_set_freq(rpc, mem->spi->max_speed_hz);
>> > +   if (ret)
>> > +      return ret;
>> > +
>> > +   rpc_spi_mem_set_prep_op_cfg(mem->spi, op, NULL, NULL);
>> > +
>> > +   ret = rpc_spi_io_xfer(rpc,
>> > +               op->data.dir == SPI_MEM_DATA_OUT ?
>> > +               op->data.buf.out : NULL,
>> > +               op->data.dir == SPI_MEM_DATA_IN ?
>> > +               op->data.buf.in : NULL);
>> > +
>> > +   return ret;
>> > +}
>> > +
>> > +static const struct spi_controller_mem_ops rpc_spi_mem_ops = {
>> > +   .supports_op = rpc_spi_mem_supports_op,
>> > +   .exec_op = rpc_spi_mem_exec_op,
>> > +   .dirmap_create = rpc_spi_mem_dirmap_create,
>> > +   .dirmap_read = rpc_spi_mem_dirmap_read,
>> > +   .dirmap_write = rpc_spi_mem_dirmap_write,
>> > +};
>> > +
>> > +static void rpc_spi_transfer_setup(struct rpc_spi *rpc,
>> > +               struct spi_message *msg)
>> > +{
>> > +   struct spi_transfer *t, xfer[4] = { };
>> > +   u32 i, xfercnt, xferpos = 0;
>> > +
>> > +   rpc->totalxferlen = 0;
>> > +   list_for_each_entry(t, &msg->transfers, transfer_list) {
>> > +      if (t->tx_buf) {
>> > +         xfer[xferpos].tx_buf = t->tx_buf;
>> > +         xfer[xferpos].tx_nbits = t->tx_nbits;
>> > +      }
>> > +
>> > +      if (t->rx_buf) {
>> > +         xfer[xferpos].rx_buf = t->rx_buf;
>> > +         xfer[xferpos].rx_nbits = t->rx_nbits;
>> > +      }
>> > +
>> > +      if (t->len) {
>> > +         xfer[xferpos++].len = t->len;
>> > +         rpc->totalxferlen += t->len;
>> > +      }
>> > +   }
>> > +
>> > +   xfercnt = xferpos;
>> > +   rpc->xferlen = xfer[--xferpos].len;
>> > +   rpc->cmd = RPC_SMCMR_CMD(((u8 *)xfer[0].tx_buf)[0]);
>>
>> Is the cast needed ?
>
> ?

Sorry, I don't understand your question.
To rephrase my original question, is the (u8 *) cast needed ?

>> > +   rpc->smenr = RPC_SMENR_CDE | RPC_SMENR_CDB(fls(xfer[0].tx_nbits
>>> 1));
>> > +   rpc->addr = 0;
>> > +
>> > +   if (xfercnt > 2 && xfer[1].len && xfer[1].tx_buf) {
>> > +      rpc->smenr |= RPC_SMENR_ADB(fls(xfer[1].tx_nbits >> 1));
>> > +      for (i = 0; i < xfer[1].len; i++)
>> > +         rpc->addr |= (u32)((u8 *)xfer[1].tx_buf)[i]
>> > +               << (8 * (xfer[1].len - i - 1));
>> > +
>> > +      if (xfer[1].len == 4)
>> > +         rpc->smenr |= RPC_SMENR_ADE(0xf);
>> > +      else
>> > +         rpc->smenr |= RPC_SMENR_ADE(0x7);
>> > +   }
>> > +
>> > +   switch (xfercnt) {
>> > +   case 2:
>> > +      if (xfer[1].rx_buf) {
>> > +         rpc->smenr |= RPC_SMENR_SPIDE(rpc_bits_xfer
>> > +                  (xfer[1].len)) | RPC_SMENR_SPIDB(fls
>> > +                  (xfer[1].rx_nbits >> 1));
>>
>> How much of this register value calculation could be somehow
>> deduplicated ? It seems to be almost the same thing copied thrice here.
>
> I don't get your point!
>
> The 2'nd transfer may be
> 1) spi-address
> 2) tx_buf[] for write registers.
> 3) rx_buf[] for read status.
>
> parse them and write to rpc->addr and so on.
> Or you have a better way to do this ?

Each of the case statement options has almost the same stuff in it. Can
this be somehow reworked so that it wouldn't be three copies of almost
the same ?

[...]

--
Best regards,
Marek Vasut

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