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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] module: Overwrite st_size instead of st_info
On Thu, 22 Nov 2018, Jessica Yu wrote:

> +++ Vincent Whitchurch [22/11/18 13:24 +0100]:
> >On Thu, Nov 22, 2018 at 12:01:54PM +0000, Dave Martin wrote:
> >> On Mon, Nov 19, 2018 at 05:25:12PM +0100, Vincent Whitchurch wrote:
> >> > st_info is currently overwritten after relocation and used to store the
> >> > elf_type(). However, we're going to need it fix kallsyms on ARM's
> >> > Thumb-2 kernels, so preserve st_info and overwrite the st_size field
> >> > instead. st_size is neither used by the module core nor by any
> >> > architecture.
> >> >
> >> > Signed-off-by: Vincent Whitchurch <vincent.whitchurch@axis.com>
> >> > ---
> >> > v4: Split out to separate patch. Use st_size instead of st_other.
> >> > v1-v3: See PATCH 2/2
> >> >
> >> > kernel/module.c | 4 ++--
> >> > 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> >> >
> >> > diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
> >> > index 49a405891587..3d86a38b580c 100644
> >> > --- a/kernel/module.c
> >> > +++ b/kernel/module.c
> >> > @@ -2682,7 +2682,7 @@ static void add_kallsyms(struct module *mod, const
> >> > struct load_info *info)
> >> >
> >> > /* Set types up while we still have access to sections. */
> >> > for (i = 0; i < mod->kallsyms->num_symtab; i++)
> >> > - mod->kallsyms->symtab[i].st_info
> >> > + mod->kallsyms->symtab[i].st_size
> >> > = elf_type(&mod->kallsyms->symtab[i], info);
> >> >
> >> > /* Now populate the cut down core kallsyms for after init. */
> >> > @@ -4061,7 +4061,7 @@ int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum,
> >> > unsigned long *value, char *type,
> >> > kallsyms = rcu_dereference_sched(mod->kallsyms);
> >> > if (symnum < kallsyms->num_symtab) {
> >> > *value = kallsyms->symtab[symnum].st_value;
> >> > - *type = kallsyms->symtab[symnum].st_info;
> >> > + *type = kallsyms->symtab[symnum].st_size;
> >> > strlcpy(name, symname(kallsyms, symnum), KSYM_NAME_LEN);
> >> > strlcpy(module_name, mod->name, MODULE_NAME_LEN);
> >> > *exported = is_exported(name, *value, mod);
> >>
> >> This is fine if st_size is really unused, but how sure are you of that?
> >>
> >> grepping for st_size throws up some hits that appear ELF-related, but
> >> I've not investigated them in detail.
> >>
> >> (The fact that struct stat has an identically named field throws up
> >> a load of false positives too.)
> >
> >$ git describe --tags
> >v4.20-rc3-93-g92b419289cee
> >
> >$ rg -m1 '[\.>]st_size' --iglob '!**/tools/**' --iglob '!**/vdso*' --iglob
> >'!**/scripts/**' --iglob '!**/usr/**' --iglob '!**/samples/**' | cat
> >| kernel/kexec_file.c: if (sym->st_size != size) {
> >
> >Symbols in kexec kernel.
> >
> >| fs/stat.c: tmp.st_size = stat->size;
> >| Documentation/networking/tls.txt: sendfile(sock, file, &offset,
> >| stat.st_size);
> >| net/9p/client.c: ret->st_rdev, ret->st_size, ret->st_blksize,
> >| net/9p/protocol.c: &stbuf->st_rdev,
> >| &stbuf->st_size,
> >| fs/9p/vfs_inode_dotl.c: i_size_write(inode, stat->st_size);
> >| fs/hostfs/hostfs_user.c: p->size = buf->st_size;
> >| arch/powerpc/boot/mktree.c: nblks = (st.st_size + IMGBLK) / IMGBLK;
> >| arch/alpha/kernel/osf_sys.c: tmp.st_size = lstat->size;
> >| arch/x86/ia32/sys_ia32.c: __put_user(stat->size, &ubuf->st_size) ||
> >
> >Not Elf_Sym.
> >
> >| arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c: sym->st_size);
> >
> >Symbols in kexec kernel.
> >
> >| arch/sparc/boot/piggyback.c: st4(buffer + 12, s.st_size);
> >| arch/sparc/kernel/sys_sparc32.c: err |= put_user(stat->size,
> >| &statbuf->st_size);
> >| arch/um/os-Linux/file.c: .ust_size = src->st_size, /*
> >| total size, in bytes */
> >| arch/um/os-Linux/start_up.c: size = (buf.st_size + UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE) &
> >| ~(UM_KERN_PAGE_SIZE - 1);
> >| arch/s390/kernel/compat_linux.c: tmp.st_size = stat->size;
> >| arch/arm/kernel/sys_oabi-compat.c: tmp.st_size = stat->size;
> >| arch/mips/boot/compressed/calc_vmlinuz_load_addr.c: vmlinux_size =
> >| (uint64_t)sb.st_size;
> >| drivers/net/ethernet/marvell/sky2.c: hw->st_idx =
> >| RING_NEXT(hw->st_idx, hw->st_size);
> >
> >Not Elf_Sym.
>
> [ added Miroslav to CC, just in case he would like to check :) ]
>
> I have just double checked as well, and am fairly certain that the
> Elf_Sym st_size field is not used to apply module relocations in any
> arches, and it is not used in the core module loader nor in the module
> kallsyms code. We'd like to avoid overwriting st_info in any case, to
> fix kallsyms on Thumb-2 and also so that livepatch won't run into any
> issues with delayed relocations, should livepatch support ever expand
> to arches (e.g., arm) that rely on st_info for module relocations.

I checked and came to the same conclusion.

Regards,
Miroslav

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