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SubjectRe: s390: runtime warning about pgtables_bytes
On Wed, 31 Oct 2018 15:57:54 -0400
Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@redhat.com> wrote:

> On Fri, Oct 12, 2018 at 05:08:33PM +0200, Martin Schwidefsky wrote:
> > On Thu, 11 Oct 2018 15:02:11 +0200
> > Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> wrote:
> >
> > > On Thu, 11 Oct 2018 18:04:12 +0800
> > > Li Wang <liwang@redhat.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > When running s390 system with LTP/cve-2017-17052.c[1], the following BUG is
> > > > came out repeatedly.
> > > > I remember this warning start from kernel-4.16.0 and now it still exist in
> > > > kernel-4.19-rc7.
> > > > Can anyone take a look?
> > > >
> > > > [ 2678.991496] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.001543] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.002453] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.003256] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.013689] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.024647] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.064408] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > > [ 2679.133963] BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> > > >
> > > > [1]:
> > > > https://github.com/linux-test-project/ltp/blob/master/testcases/cve/cve-2017-17052.c
> > >
> > > Confirmed, I see this bug with cvs-2017-17052 on my LPAR as well.
> > > I'll look into it.
> >
> > Ok, I think I understand the problem now. This is the patch I am testing
> > right now. It seems to fix the issue, but I had to change common mm
> > code for it.
> > --
> > >From 9e3bc2e96930206ef1ece377e45224c51aca1799 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
> > From: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
> > Date: Fri, 12 Oct 2018 16:32:29 +0200
> > Subject: [RFC][PATCH] s390/mm: fix mis-accounting of pgtable_bytes
> >
> > In case a fork or a clone system fails in copy_process and the error
> > handling does the mmput() at the bad_fork_cleanup_mm label, the following
> > warning messages will appear on the console:
> >
> > BUG: non-zero pgtables_bytes on freeing mm: 16384
> >
> > The reason for that is the tricks we play with mm_inc_nr_puds() and
> > mm_inc_nr_pmds() in init_new_context().
> >
> > A normal 64-bit process has 3 levels of page table, the p4d level and
> > the pud level are folded. On process termination the free_pud_range()
> > function in mm/memory.c will subtract 16KB from pgtable_bytes with a
> > mm_dec_nr_puds() call, but there actually is not really a pud table.
> > The s390 version of pud_free_tlb() recognized this an does nothing,
> > the region-3 table will be freed with the pgd_free() call later on.
> > But the mm_dec_nr_puds() is done unconditionally, to counter act this
> > the init_new_context() function has an extra mm_inc_nr_puds() call.
> >
> > Now with a failed fork or clone the free_pgtables() function is not
> > called, there is no mm_dec_nr_puds() but the mm_inc_nr_puds() has
> > been done which leads to the incorrect pgtable_bytes of 16384.
> > Nothing is broken by this, but the warning is annoying.
> >
> > To get rid of the warning drop the mm_inc_nr_pmds() & mm_inc_nr_puds()
> > calls from init_new_context(), introduce the mm_pmd_folded(),
> > pmd_pud_folded() and pmd_p4d_folded() helper, and add if-statements
> > to the functions mm_[inc|dec]_nr_[pmds|puds].
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
> > ---
> > arch/s390/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 5 -----
> > arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h | 6 ++---
> > arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h | 18 +++++++++++++++
> > arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h | 6 ++---
> > include/linux/mm.h | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> > 5 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/mmu_context.h
> > index dbd689d556ce..ccbb53e22024 100644
> > --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/mmu_context.h
> > +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/mmu_context.h
> > @@ -46,8 +46,6 @@ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
> > mm->context.asce_limit = STACK_TOP_MAX;
> > mm->context.asce = __pa(mm->pgd) | _ASCE_TABLE_LENGTH |
> > _ASCE_USER_BITS | _ASCE_TYPE_REGION3;
> > - /* pgd_alloc() did not account this pud */
> > - mm_inc_nr_puds(mm);
> > break;
> > case -PAGE_SIZE:
> > /* forked 5-level task, set new asce with new_mm->pgd */
> > @@ -63,9 +61,6 @@ static inline int init_new_context(struct task_struct *tsk,
> > /* forked 2-level compat task, set new asce with new mm->pgd */
> > mm->context.asce = __pa(mm->pgd) | _ASCE_TABLE_LENGTH |
> > _ASCE_USER_BITS | _ASCE_TYPE_SEGMENT;
> > - /* pgd_alloc() did not account this pmd */
> > - mm_inc_nr_pmds(mm);
> > - mm_inc_nr_puds(mm);
> > }
> > crst_table_init((unsigned long *) mm->pgd, pgd_entry_type(mm));
> > return 0;
> > diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h
> > index f0f9bcf94c03..5ee733720a57 100644
> > --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h
> > +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h
> > @@ -36,11 +36,11 @@ static inline void crst_table_init(unsigned long *crst, unsigned long entry)
> >
> > static inline unsigned long pgd_entry_type(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - if (mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION3_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
> > return _SEGMENT_ENTRY_EMPTY;
> > - if (mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION2_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
> > return _REGION3_ENTRY_EMPTY;
> > - if (mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION1_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
> > return _REGION2_ENTRY_EMPTY;
> > return _REGION1_ENTRY_EMPTY;
> > }
> > diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > index 411d435e7a7d..063732414dfb 100644
> > --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> > @@ -493,6 +493,24 @@ static inline int is_module_addr(void *addr)
> > _REGION_ENTRY_PROTECT | \
> > _REGION_ENTRY_NOEXEC)
> >
> > +static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION1_SIZE;
> > +}
> > +#define mm_p4d_folded(mm) mm_p4d_folded(mm)
> > +
> > +static inline bool mm_pud_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION2_SIZE;
> > +}
> > +#define mm_pud_folded(mm) mm_pud_folded(mm)
> > +
> > +static inline bool mm_pmd_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION3_SIZE;
> > +}
> > +#define mm_pmd_folded(mm) mm_pmd_folded(mm)
> > +
> > static inline int mm_has_pgste(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > #ifdef CONFIG_PGSTE
> > diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
> > index 457b7ba0fbb6..b31c779cf581 100644
> > --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
> > +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
> > @@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ static inline void pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgtable_t pte,
> > static inline void pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd,
> > unsigned long address)
> > {
> > - if (tlb->mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION3_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_pmd_folded(tlb->mm))
> > return;
> > pgtable_pmd_page_dtor(virt_to_page(pmd));
> > tlb_remove_table(tlb, pmd);
> > @@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ static inline void pmd_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pmd_t *pmd,
> > static inline void p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d,
> > unsigned long address)
> > {
> > - if (tlb->mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION1_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_p4d_folded(tlb->mm))
> > return;
> > tlb_remove_table(tlb, p4d);
> > }
> > @@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ static inline void p4d_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, p4d_t *p4d,
> > static inline void pud_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pud_t *pud,
> > unsigned long address)
> > {
> > - if (tlb->mm->context.asce_limit <= _REGION2_SIZE)
> > + if (mm_pud_folded(tlb->mm))
> > return;
> > tlb_remove_table(tlb, pud);
> > }
> > diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
> > index 0416a7204be3..1e4a045f19ec 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> > @@ -105,6 +105,34 @@ extern int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly;
> > #define mm_zero_struct_page(pp) ((void)memset((pp), 0, sizeof(struct page)))
> > #endif
> >
> > +/*
> > + * On some architectures it depends on the mm if the p4d/pud or pmd
> > + * layer of the page table hierarchy is folded or not.
> > + */
> > +#ifndef mm_p4d_folded
> > +#define mm_p4d_folded(mm) mm_p4d_folded(mm)
> > +static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED);
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#ifndef mm_pud_folded
> > +#define mm_pud_folded(mm) mm_pud_folded(mm)
> > +static inline bool mm_pud_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED);
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > +#ifndef mm_pmd_folded
> > +#define mm_pmd_folded(mm) mm_pmd_folded(mm)
> > +static inline bool mm_pmd_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > +{
> > + return __is_defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED);
> > +}
> > +#endif
> > +
> > /*
> > * Default maximum number of active map areas, this limits the number of vmas
> > * per mm struct. Users can overwrite this number by sysctl but there is a
> > @@ -1710,7 +1738,7 @@ static inline int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd,
> > int __p4d_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long address);
> > #endif
> >
> > -#if defined(__PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU)
> > +#if !defined(CONFIG_MMU)
> > static inline int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d,
> > unsigned long address)
> > {
> > @@ -1724,16 +1752,18 @@ int __pud_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long address);
> >
> > static inline void mm_inc_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > + if (!mm_pud_folded(mm))
> > + atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > }
> >
> > static inline void mm_dec_nr_puds(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > + if (!mm_pud_folded(mm))
> > + atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PUD * sizeof(pud_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > }
> > #endif
> >
> > -#if defined(__PAGETABLE_PMD_FOLDED) || !defined(CONFIG_MMU)
> > +#if !defined(CONFIG_MMU)
> > static inline int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud,
> > unsigned long address)
> > {
> > @@ -1748,12 +1778,14 @@ int __pmd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pud, unsigned long address);
> >
> > static inline void mm_inc_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > + if (!mm_pmd_folded(mm))
> > + atomic_long_add(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > }
> >
> > static inline void mm_dec_nr_pmds(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > - atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > + if (!mm_pmd_folded(mm))
> > + atomic_long_sub(PTRS_PER_PMD * sizeof(pmd_t), &mm->pgtables_bytes);
> > }
> > #endif
> >
> > --
> > 2.16.4
> >
> >
> > --
>
> Hi Martin,
>
> We've seen these "non-zero pgtable byte" complaints as well and I found
> this thread + test patch. Looks good after applying and running the LTP
> cve-2017-17052 test over here.
>
> Did this need further testing and/or review? I didn't see it in the
> kernel/git/s390/linux.git tree so I thought I would ask.
>
> Thanks,
>
> -- Joe

I have sent a v3 of these patches and got some Acked-by from Kirill.
Waited for a few days and as there are no more comments, I will now
add them to the linux-s390 tree.

--
blue skies,
Martin.

"Reality continues to ruin my life." - Calvin.

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