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Subject[PATCH] procfd_signal.2: document procfd_signal syscall
Date
Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
---
Changelog:
v1:
- patch introduced
---
man2/procfd_signal.2 | 147 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 147 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 man2/procfd_signal.2

diff --git a/man2/procfd_signal.2 b/man2/procfd_signal.2
new file mode 100644
index 000000000..6af0b74f4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/man2/procfd_signal.2
@@ -0,0 +1,147 @@
+.\" Copyright (C) 2018 Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
+.\"
+.\" %%%LICENSE_START(VERBATIM)
+.\" Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of this
+.\" manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice are
+.\" preserved on all copies.
+.\"
+.\" Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
+.\" manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
+.\" entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
+.\" permission notice identical to this one.
+.\"
+.\" Since the Linux kernel and libraries are constantly changing, this
+.\" manual page may be incorrect or out-of-date. The author(s) assume no
+.\" responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from
+.\" the use of the information contained herein. The author(s) may not
+.\" have taken the same level of care in the production of this manual,
+.\" which is licensed free of charge, as they might when working
+.\" professionally.
+.\"
+.\" Formatted or processed versions of this manual, if unaccompanied by
+.\" the source, must acknowledge the copyright and authors of this work.
+.\" %%%LICENSE_END
+.\"
+.TH PROCFD_SIGNAL 2 2017-09-15 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
+.SH NAME
+procfd_signal \- send signal to a process through a process descriptor
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.B #include <sys/types.h>
+.B #include <signal.h>
+.PP
+.BI "int procfd_signal(int " fd ", int " sig ", siginfo_t *" info ", int " flags );
+.fi
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+.BR procfd_signal ()
+sends the signal specified in
+.I sig
+to the process identified by the file descriptor
+.IR fd .
+The permissions required to send a signal are the same as for
+.BR kill (2).
+As with
+.BR kill (2),
+the null signal (0) can be used to check if a process with a given
+PID exists.
+.PP
+The optional
+.I info
+argument specifies the data to accompany the signal.
+This argument is a pointer to a structure of type
+.IR siginfo_t ,
+described in
+.BR sigaction (2)
+(and defined by including
+.IR <sigaction.h> ).
+The caller should set the following fields in this structure:
+.TP
+.I si_code
+This must be one of the
+.B SI_*
+codes in the Linux kernel source file
+.IR include/asm-generic/siginfo.h ,
+with the restriction that the code must be negative
+(i.e., cannot be
+.BR SI_USER ,
+which is used by the kernel to indicate a signal sent by
+.BR kill (2))
+and cannot (since Linux 2.6.39) be
+.BR SI_TKILL
+(which is used by the kernel to indicate a signal sent using
+.\" tkill(2) or
+.BR tgkill (2)).
+.TP
+.I si_pid
+This should be set to a process ID,
+typically the process ID of the sender.
+.TP
+.I si_uid
+This should be set to a user ID,
+typically the real user ID of the sender.
+.TP
+.I si_value
+This field contains the user data to accompany the signal.
+For more information, see the description of the last
+.RI ( "union sigval" )
+argument of
+.BR sigqueue (3).
+.PP
+Internally, the kernel sets the
+.I si_signo
+field to the value specified in
+.IR sig ,
+so that the receiver of the signal can also obtain
+the signal number via that field.
+.PP
+The
+.I flags
+argument is reserved for future extension and must be set to 0.
+.PP
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+On success, this system call returns 0.
+On error, it returns \-1 and
+.I errno
+is set to indicate the error.
+.SH ERRORS
+.TP
+.B EBADF
+.I fd
+is not a valid file descriptor.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+An invalid signal was specified.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+.I fd
+does not refer to a process.
+.TP
+.B EINVAL
+The flags argument was not 0.
+.TP
+.B EPERM
+The caller does not have permission to send the signal to the target.
+For the required permissions, see
+.BR kill (2).
+Or:
+.I uinfo->si_code
+is invalid.
+.TP
+.B ESRCH
+The process or process group does not exist.
+Note that an existing process might be a zombie,
+a process that has terminated execution, but
+has not yet been
+.BR wait (2)ed
+for.
+.SH CONFORMING TO
+This system call is Linux-specific.
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR kill (2),
+.BR sigaction (2),
+.BR sigprocmask (2),
+.BR tgkill (2),
+.BR pthread_sigqueue (3),
+.BR rt_sigqueueinfo (2),
+.BR sigqueue (3),
+.BR signal (7)
--
2.19.1
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