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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 2/2] signal: add procfd_signal() syscall
On Mon, Nov 19, 2018 at 07:59:24AM -0800, Daniel Colascione wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 19, 2018 at 2:32 AM, Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> wrote:
> > The kill() syscall operates on process identifiers. After a process has
> > exited its pid can be reused by another process. If a caller sends a signal
> > to a reused pid it will end up signaling the wrong process. This issue has
> > often surfaced and there has been a push [1] to address this problem.
> >
> > A prior patch has introduced the ability to get a file descriptor
> > referencing struct pid by opening /proc/<pid>. This guarantees a stable
> > handle on a process which can be used to send signals to the referenced
> > process. Discussion has shown that a dedicated syscall is preferable over
> > ioctl()s. Thus, the new syscall procfd_signal() is introduced to solve
> > this problem. It operates on a process file descriptor.
> > The syscall takes an additional siginfo_t and flags argument. If siginfo_t
> > is NULL then procfd_signal() behaves like kill() if it is not NULL it
> > behaves like rt_sigqueueinfo.
> > The flags argument is added to allow for future extensions of this syscall.
> > It currently needs to be passed as 0.
> >
> > With this patch a process can be killed via:
> >
> > #define _GNU_SOURCE
> > #include <errno.h>
> > #include <fcntl.h>
> > #include <stdio.h>
> > #include <stdlib.h>
> > #include <string.h>
> > #include <signal.h>
> > #include <sys/stat.h>
> > #include <sys/syscall.h>
> > #include <sys/types.h>
> > #include <unistd.h>
> >
> > int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> > {
> > int ret;
> > char buf[1000];
> >
> > if (argc < 2)
> > exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
> >
> > ret = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%s", argv[1]);
> > if (ret < 0)
> > exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
> >
> > int fd = open(buf, O_DIRECTORY | O_CLOEXEC);
> > if (fd < 0) {
> > printf("%s - Failed to open \"%s\"\n", strerror(errno), buf);
> > exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
> > }
> >
> > ret = syscall(__NR_procfd_signal, fd, SIGKILL, NULL, 0);
> > if (ret < 0) {
> > printf("Failed to send SIGKILL \"%s\"\n", strerror(errno));
> > close(fd);
> > exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
> > }
> >
> > close(fd);
> >
> > exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
> > }
> >
> > [1]: https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/11/18/130
> >
> > Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
> > Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge@hallyn.com>
> > Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
> > Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> > Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org>
> > Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> > Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
> > Cc: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
> > Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
> > Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io>
> > ---
> > Changelog:
> > v1:
> > - patch introduced
> > ---
> > arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
> > arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
> > fs/proc/base.c | 6 ++
> > include/linux/proc_fs.h | 1 +
> > include/linux/syscalls.h | 2 +
> > kernel/signal.c | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > 6 files changed, 81 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > index 3cf7b533b3d1..e637eab883e9 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
> > @@ -398,3 +398,4 @@
> > 384 i386 arch_prctl sys_arch_prctl __ia32_compat_sys_arch_prctl
> > 385 i386 io_pgetevents sys_io_pgetevents __ia32_compat_sys_io_pgetevents
> > 386 i386 rseq sys_rseq __ia32_sys_rseq
> > +387 i386 procfd_signal sys_procfd_signal __ia32_sys_procfd_signal
> > diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > index f0b1709a5ffb..e95f6741ab42 100644
> > --- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > +++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
> > @@ -343,6 +343,7 @@
> > 332 common statx __x64_sys_statx
> > 333 common io_pgetevents __x64_sys_io_pgetevents
> > 334 common rseq __x64_sys_rseq
> > +335 common procfd_signal __x64_sys_procfd_signal
> >
> > #
> > # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
> > diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
> > index 6365a4fea314..a12c9de92bd0 100644
> > --- a/fs/proc/base.c
> > +++ b/fs/proc/base.c
> > @@ -3055,6 +3055,12 @@ static const struct file_operations proc_tgid_base_operations = {
> > .release = proc_tgid_release,
> > };
> >
> > +bool proc_is_procfd(const struct file *file)
> > +{
> > + return d_is_dir(file->f_path.dentry) &&
> > + (file->f_op == &proc_tgid_base_operations);
> > +}
> > +
> > static struct dentry *proc_tgid_base_lookup(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int flags)
> > {
> > return proc_pident_lookup(dir, dentry,
> > diff --git a/include/linux/proc_fs.h b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > index d0e1f1522a78..2d53a47fba34 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
> > @@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_create_net_single_write(const char *name, umode_t mo
> > int (*show)(struct seq_file *, void *),
> > proc_write_t write,
> > void *data);
> > +extern bool proc_is_procfd(const struct file *file);
> >
> > #else /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > index 2ac3d13a915b..a5ca8cb84566 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> > @@ -907,6 +907,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_statx(int dfd, const char __user *path, unsigned flags,
> > unsigned mask, struct statx __user *buffer);
> > asmlinkage long sys_rseq(struct rseq __user *rseq, uint32_t rseq_len,
> > int flags, uint32_t sig);
> > +asmlinkage long sys_procfd_signal(int fd, int sig, siginfo_t __user *info,
> > + int flags);
> >
> > /*
> > * Architecture-specific system calls
> > diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
> > index 9a32bc2088c9..e8a8929de710 100644
> > --- a/kernel/signal.c
> > +++ b/kernel/signal.c
> > @@ -19,7 +19,9 @@
> > #include <linux/sched/task.h>
> > #include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
> > #include <linux/sched/cputime.h>
> > +#include <linux/file.h>
> > #include <linux/fs.h>
> > +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> > #include <linux/tty.h>
> > #include <linux/binfmts.h>
> > #include <linux/coredump.h>
> > @@ -3286,6 +3288,16 @@ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(rt_sigtimedwait, compat_sigset_t __user *, uthese,
> > }
> > #endif
> >
> > +static inline void prepare_kill_siginfo(int sig, struct kernel_siginfo *info)
> > +{
> > + clear_siginfo(info);
> > + info->si_signo = sig;
> > + info->si_errno = 0;
> > + info->si_code = SI_USER;
> > + info->si_pid = task_tgid_vnr(current);
> > + info->si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid());
> > +}
> > +
> > /**
> > * sys_kill - send a signal to a process
> > * @pid: the PID of the process
> > @@ -3295,16 +3307,68 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(kill, pid_t, pid, int, sig)
> > {
> > struct kernel_siginfo info;
> >
> > - clear_siginfo(&info);
> > - info.si_signo = sig;
> > - info.si_errno = 0;
> > - info.si_code = SI_USER;
> > - info.si_pid = task_tgid_vnr(current);
> > - info.si_uid = from_kuid_munged(current_user_ns(), current_uid());
> > + prepare_kill_siginfo(sig, &info);
> >
> > return kill_something_info(sig, &info, pid);
> > }
> >
> > +/**
> > + * sys_procfd_signal - send a signal to a process through a process file
> > + * descriptor
> > + * @fd: the file descriptor of the process
> > + * @sig: signal to be sent
> > + * @info: the signal info
> > + * @flags: future flags to be passed
> > + */
> > +SYSCALL_DEFINE4(procfd_signal, int, fd, int, sig, siginfo_t __user *, info,
> > + int, flags)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > + struct pid *pid;
> > + kernel_siginfo_t kinfo;
> > + struct fd f;
> > +
> > + /* Enforce flags be set to 0 until we add an extension. */
> > + if (flags)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + f = fdget_raw(fd);
> > + if (!f.file)
> > + return -EBADF;
> > +
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + /* Is this a process file descriptor? */
> > + if (!proc_is_procfd(f.file))
> > + goto err;
> > +
> > + pid = f.file->private_data;
>
> You never addressed my comment on the previous patch about your use of

Sorry, that thread exploded so quickly that I might have missed it.

> private_data here. Why can't you use the struct pid reference that's
> already in the inode?

If that's what people prefer we can probably use that. There was
precedent for stashing away such data in fs/proc/base.c already for
various other things including user namespaces and struct mm so I
followed this model. A prior version of my patch (I didn't send out) did
retrive the inode via proc_pid() in .open() took an additional reference
via get_pid() and dropped it in .release(). Do we prefer that?

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